Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine and Living Resources

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Canberra, Australia
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 07/04/1982

Category

Environment and products

Sub category

Flora and fauna

Groups

What is it about?

This Convention aims to protect Antarctic marine living resources against the dangers of over exploitation and in particular the over capture of krill, which would have a serious effect on other marine life feeding on krill. In order to guarantee a rational usage of resources, this instrument requires that captures and related activities assure the renewal of species and the preservation of the food chain. A Commission, headquartered in Hobert, Tasmania, has been established to ensure the implementation of the present Convention. A Scientific Committee provides a forum for consultation and co-operation concerning the collection, study and exchange of information with respect to the marine living resources to which the Convention applies. Inspectors and observers undertake the monitoring of catches.

Why is it relevant?

This 1980 Convention preserves the marine life in the Antarctic and establishes the rational usage of its natural resources. The obligatory provisions are nevertheless limited in nature, and compliance rests largely upon the good faith of State parties.

Additional Information

Ratifying this instrument obliges State parties to conform to the principles and objectives of the Treaty of the Antarctic (Washington, 1 December 1959).

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Argentina28/05/1982
Australia06/05/1981
Belgium22/02/1984
Brazil28/01/1986
Bulgaria01/09/1992
Canada01/07/1988
Chile02/07/1981
China19/09/2006
Finland06/09/1989
France16/09/1982
Germany23/04/1982
Greece12/02/1987
India17/06/1985
Italy29/03/1989
Japan26/05/1981
Mauritius02/09/2004
Namibia29/06/2000
Netherlands23/02/1990
New Zealand08/03/1982
Norway06/12/1983
Pakistan24/01/2012
Panama23/03/2013
Peru23/06/1989
Poland28/03/1984
Republic of Korea29/03/1985
Russian Federation26/05/1981
South Africa23/07/1981
Spain09/04/1984
Sweden06/06/1984
Ukraine22/04/1994
United Kingdom31/08/1981
United States of America18/02/1982
Uruguay22/03/1985
Vanuatu20/07/2001
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19816
19825
19831
19844
19853
19861
19871
19881
19893
19901
19921
19941
20001
20011
20041
20063
20121
20131
Total36
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