United Nations Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: New York, USA
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 11/12/2001

Category

Environment and products

Sub category

Flora and fauna

Groups

What is it about?

This instrument regulates high seas fishing to ensure the long-term conservation and durable usage of straddling fish (molluscs, soles, cod, whiting) and highly migratory fish (tuna, swordfish). The Agreement protects the interest of coastal states by requiring that the catch volume on the high seas by “factory ships” does not lower the fisheries resources in the exclusive economic zone, which is the area extending up to 200 miles off the coast of coastal states where those states own sovereign rights for usage. The 1995 Agreement provides for the establishment of regional organizations for fishing, and the possibility for the control of fishing on the high seas by other States in the Agreement. All State parties agree to a rational management of stocks, under the precautionary principle. Special provisions have been adopted addressing the needs of developing countries. They may benefit from help to better manage their fisheries resources.

Why is it relevant?

By ratifying this instrument, coastal states become party to an instrument designed to protect their fisheries resources in their exclusive economic zone, allowing those states to preserve an important economic resource. Special needs of developing countries have been addressed by provisions for assistance in the conservation and management of stocks and help in exploitation of fisheries resources on the high seas.

Additional Information

The 1995 Agreement implements a procedure of obligatory and definitive dispute settlement regarding the application or interpretation of its provisions. The International Court of Justice, arbitral or special tribunals like the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea, assure dispute settlement.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Australia23/12/1999
Austria19/12/2003
Bahamas16/01/1997
Barbados22/09/2000
Belgium19/12/2003
Belize14/07/2005
Brazil08/03/2000
Bulgaria13/12/2006
Canada03/08/1999
Costa Rica18/06/2001
Cyprus25/09/2002
Czech Republic19/03/2007
Denmark19/12/2003
Estonia07/08/2006
Fiji12/12/1996
Finland19/12/2003
France19/12/2003
Germany19/12/2003
Greece19/12/2003
Guinea16/09/2005
Iceland14/02/1997
India19/08/2003
Iran17/04/1998
Ireland19/12/2003
Italy19/12/2003
Japan07/08/2006
Kenya13/07/2004
Kiribati15/09/2005
Latvia05/02/2007
Liberia16/09/2005
Lithuania01/03/2007
Luxembourg19/12/2003
Maldives30/12/1998
Malta11/11/2001
Marshall Islands19/03/2003
Mauritius25/03/1997
Micronesia (Federated States of)23/05/1997
Monaco09/06/1999
Namibia08/04/1998
Nauru10/01/1997
Netherlands19/12/2003
New Zealand18/04/2001
Norway30/12/1996
Papua New Guinea04/06/1999
Poland14/03/2006
Portugal19/12/2003
Russian Federation04/08/1997
Saint Lucia09/08/1996
Samoa25/10/1996
Senegal30/01/1997
Seychelles20/03/1998
Slovenia15/06/2006
Solomon Islands13/02/1997
South Africa14/08/2003
Spain19/12/2003
Sri Lanka24/10/1996
Sweden19/12/2003
Tonga31/07/1996
Trinidad and Tobago13/09/2006
Ukraine27/02/2003
United Kingdom10/12/2001
United States of America21/09/1996
Uruguay10/09/1999
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19967
19978
19984
19995
20002
20014
20021
200319
20041
20054
20066
20073
Total64
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