International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 21/03/1969

Category

Products

Sub category

Marine Resources

Groups

FAO

What is it about?

This instrument, regulating fishing of tuna, applies to all waters of the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent seas, including the Mediterranean Sea. There is no precise definition in terms of longitude and latitude. The Convention’s principal objective is to co-operate in maintaining the population of tunas and tuna-like species found in the Atlantic Ocean and the adjacent seas at levels that will permit the maximum sustainable catch for food and other purposes. Following the entry into force of the present Convention, the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) was established. This Commission is responsible for studying the populations of tuna and tuna-like fishes and such other species of fishes exploited in tuna fishing. Headquartered in Madrid, it is required to conduct scientific research and appraise information concerning measures and methods to ensure maintenance of the populations of tuna and tuna-like fishes in the Convention area. All recommendations made by the Commission become effective for State parties six months after their date of notification, though objections may be made.

Why is it relevant?

By ensuring an improved conservation of tuna stocks, this instrument allows for the renewal of these marine species and enables their availability for future exploit. As with other FAO instruments, a halt to overuse is implemented.

Additional Information

All Member States of the United Nations can ratify the Convention. Certain technical provisions were modified by the Paris Protocol of July 10, 1984. The Commission is open to any Government which is a Member of the United Nations or of any specialized agency of the United Nations and to any inter-governmental economic integration organization constituted by States that have transferred to it competence over the matters governed by the Convention, including the competence to enter into treaties in respect of those matters. Instruments of ratification, approval, or adherence may be deposited with the Director-General of the FAO, and membership is effective on the date of such deposit.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania31/03/2008
Algeria16/02/2001
Angola29/07/1976
Barbados13/12/2000
Belize19/07/2005
Brazil01/04/1969
Canada20/08/1968
Cape Verde11/10/1979
China24/10/1996
Cote d'Ivoire06/12/1972
Egypt03/10/2007
El Salvador05/12/2014
Equatorial Guinea13/05/1987
Gabon19/09/1977
Ghana17/04/1968
Guatemala12/11/2004
Guinea05/06/1991
Honduras30/01/2001
Iceland30/10/2002
Japan24/08/1967
Liberia14/02/2014
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya27/11/1995
Mauritania04/12/2008
Mexico24/05/2002
Morocco26/09/1969
Namibia10/11/1999
Nicaragua11/03/2004
Nigeria02/08/2007
Norway05/03/2004
Panama28/12/1998
Philippines09/01/2004
Republic of Korea28/08/1970
Russian Federation07/01/1977
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines20/11/2006
Sao Tome and Principe15/09/1983
Senegal21/12/2004
Sierra Leone13/10/2008
South Africa17/10/1967
Syrian Arab Republic02/09/2005
Trinidad and Tobago30/03/1999
Tunisia16/12/1997
Turkey04/07/2003
United Kingdom10/11/1995
United States of America18/05/1967
Uruguay16/03/1983
Vanuatu25/10/2002
Venezuela17/11/1983
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19673
19682
19692
19701
19721
19761
19772
19791
19833
19871
19911
19952
19963
19971
19981
19992
20001
20012
20023
20031
20045
20052
20061
20072
20083
20142
Total49
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