International Plant Protection Convention

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Rome, Italy
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 03/04/1952

Category

Products

Sub category

General

Groups

FAO

What is it about?

This instrument is an international treaty promoting the health of plants. Its stated purpose is to secure common and effective action to prevent the spread and introduction of pests of plants and to promote measures for their control. Each State party agrees to create an official plant protection organization that must make provisions for the inspection of 1) growing plants, 2) areas under cultivation (including fields, plantations, nurseries, gardens and greenhouses) or 3) in storage or transportation. States must report the existence, outbreak and spread of plant pests and take steps towards their control. This plant protection organization provides for the issuance of certificates relating to phytosanitary conditions, the distribution of information within the country regarding pests of plants, and research and investigation in the field of plant protection. Each State party may implement its own restrictions or requirements concerning the import of plants or plant products. The present 1951 Convention was first revised in 1979 to address manufactured products that could threaten plants. An amended version adopted in 1997 reflects the agreements concluded as a result of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations, including the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures.

Why is it relevant?

This Convention offers State parties a legal basis to refuse genetically modified organisms on their territory as well as a method of protection against the contamination of their vegetable species and the cultures by parasites and other sicknesses.

Additional Information

Several provisions of the International Plant Protection Convention are linked to those of the Convention on Biological Diversity of 1992 and its Cartagena Protocol; particularly those related to genetically modified organisms.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Afghanistan05/06/2013
Albania29/07/1999
Algeria01/10/1985
Antigua and Barbuda24/01/2006
Argentina23/09/1954
Armenia09/06/2006
Australia27/08/1952
Austria22/10/1952
Azerbaijan18/08/2000
Bahamas19/09/1997
Bahrain29/03/1971
Bangladesh01/09/1978
Barbados06/12/1976
Belarus21/02/2005
Belgium22/07/1952
Belize14/05/1987
Benin12/10/2010
Bhutan20/06/1994
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)27/10/1960
Bosnia and Herzegovina30/07/2003
Botswana30/06/2009
Brazil14/09/1961
Bulgaria08/11/1991
Burkina Faso08/06/1995
Burundi03/04/2006
Cambodia10/06/1952
Cameroon05/04/2006
Canada10/07/1953
Cape Verde19/03/1980
Central African Republic27/10/2004
Chad15/03/2004
China20/10/2005
Colombia26/01/1970
Comoros17/01/2007
Congo14/12/2004
Costa Rica23/07/1973
Cote d'Ivoire17/12/2004
Croatia14/05/1999
Cuba14/04/1976
Cyprus11/02/1999
Czech Republic05/08/1983
Democratic People's Republic of Korea25/08/2003
Democratic Republic of the Congo04/05/2015
Denmark13/02/1953
Djibouti25/03/2006
Dominica30/03/2006
Dominican Republic20/06/1952
Ecuador09/05/1956
Egypt22/07/1953
El Salvador12/02/1953
Equatorial Guinea27/08/1991
Eritrea06/04/2001
Estonia07/12/2000
Ethiopia20/06/1977
Fiji10/08/2005
Finland22/06/1960
France20/08/1957
Gabon23/04/2008
Georgia08/03/2007
Germany03/05/1957
Ghana22/02/1991
Greece09/12/1954
Grenada27/11/1985
Guatemala25/05/1955
Guinea22/05/1991
Guinea-Bissau24/10/2007
Guyana31/08/1970
Haiti06/11/1970
Honduras30/07/2003
Hungary17/05/1960
Iceland11/04/2005
India09/06/1952
Indonesia21/06/1977
Iran18/09/1972
Iraq01/07/1954
Ireland31/03/1955
Israel03/09/1956
Italy03/08/1955
Jamaica24/11/1969
Japan11/08/1952
Jordan24/04/1970
Kazakhstan13/09/2010
Kenya07/05/1974
Kuwait12/09/2007
Kyrgyzstan11/12/2003
Lao People's Democratic Republic28/02/1955
Latvia18/08/2003
Lebanon18/09/1970
Lesotho24/10/2013
Liberia02/07/1986
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya09/07/1970
Lithuania12/01/2000
Luxembourg13/01/1955
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)09/08/2004
Madagascar24/05/2006
Malawi21/05/1974
Malaysia17/05/1991
Maldives03/10/2006
Mali31/08/1987
Malta13/05/1975
Mauritania29/04/2002
Mauritius11/06/1971
Mexico26/05/1976
Micronesia (Federated States of)06/07/2007
Moldova25/01/2001
Mongolia26/05/2009
Montenegro27/07/2009
Morocco12/10/1972
Mozambique15/05/2008
Myanmar25/05/2006
Namibia23/02/2007
Nepal08/05/2006
Netherlands29/10/1954
New Zealand16/09/1952
Nicaragua02/08/1956
Niger04/06/1985
Nigeria17/08/1993
Norway23/04/1956
Oman23/01/1989
Pakistan10/11/1954
Palau23/06/2006
Panama14/02/1968
Papua New Guinea01/06/1976
Paraguay05/04/1968
Peru01/07/1975
Philippines03/12/1953
Poland29/05/1996
Portugal20/10/1955
Qatar08/06/2006
Republic of Korea08/12/1953
Romania17/11/1971
Russian Federation24/04/1956
Rwanda26/08/2008
Saint Kitts and Nevis17/04/1990
Saint Lucia23/10/2002
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines15/11/2001
Samoa02/03/2005
Sao Tome and Principe07/04/2006
Saudi Arabia07/08/2000
Senegal03/03/1975
Serbia27/04/1992
Seychelles31/10/1996
Sierra Leone23/06/1981
Singapore10/08/2010
Slovakia24/03/2006
Slovenia27/05/1998
Solomon Islands18/10/1978
South Africa21/09/1956
South Sudan06/12/2013
Spain18/02/1952
Sri Lanka12/02/1952
Sudan16/07/1971
Suriname22/04/1977
Swaziland12/07/2005
Sweden30/05/1952
Switzerland26/09/1996
Syrian Arab Republic05/11/2003
Tajikistan04/10/2010
Thailand16/08/1978
Togo02/04/1986
Tonga23/11/2005
Trinidad and Tobago30/06/1970
Tunisia22/07/1971
Turkey29/07/1988
Tuvalu15/12/2006
Uganda29/08/2007
Ukraine31/05/2006
United Arab Emirates02/04/2001
United Kingdom07/09/1953
United Republic of Tanzania21/02/2005
United States of America18/08/1972
Uruguay15/07/1970
Vanuatu02/08/2007
Venezuela12/05/1966
Viet Nam22/02/2005
Yemen20/12/1990
Zambia24/06/1986
Zimbabwe30/11/2012
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
195211
19538
19545
19556
19566
19572
19603
19611
19661
19682
19691
19708
19715
19723
19731
19742
19753
19764
19773
19783
19801
19811
19831
19853
19863
19872
19881
19891
19902
19915
19921
19931
19941
19951
19963
19971
19981
19993
20004
20014
20022
20036
20045
200511
200616
20078
20083
20093
20104
20121
20133
20151
Total181
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