International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance for the Prevention, Investigation and Repression of Customs Offences

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Nairobi, Kenya
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 21/05/1980

Category

Customs

Sub category

Customs Cooperation

Groups

WCO

What is it about?

This instrument, adopted under the auspices of the World Customs Organization (WCO), intends to combat customs offences by establishing international administrative co-operation between State Parties. These are held to exchange intelligence, documents and other information conductive to the prevention, investigation and repression of offences against customs laws. The present Convention comprises 20 general articles and 11 optional annexes on mutual assistance among State Parties with provisions on the assessment of import/export duties and taxes, controls, surveillance, enquiries and notifications, the presence of customs officials on the territory of another State Party and pooling of information. Annex X specifies the assistance in actions against the smuggling of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. Annex XI provides for the assistance in actions against the smuggling of works of art, antiques and other cultural property. The Convention is based on the principle of reciprocity; only State Parties to the same annexes have the obligation to mutual assistance. A State has to accept at least one annex to become a member to the present Convention.

Why is it relevant?

By establishing a framework for the international cooperation in matters relating to customs offences, this instrument supersedes different bilateral and multilateral regional agreements on this subject. The International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters, adopted in Brussels on 27 June 2003, is similar to the 1977 Convention, but it adds two major novelties. Annexes are no more optional; therefore more of the provisions set forth in the 2003 Convention are mandatory. The 2003 Convention establishes a central automated information system.

Additional Information

A 1995 amendment allows for reservations on the present Convention. All Member States to the United Nations may become a member to the present Convention.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania05/06/2001
Algeria27/10/1988
Australia03/11/1986
Azerbaijan25/04/2002
Belarus09/07/2000
Canada19/09/1990
Cote d'Ivoire10/10/1983
Croatia17/10/2000
Cuba03/11/1995
Cyprus30/05/2001
Czech Republic29/06/1999
Finland07/06/1985
France12/04/2001
Georgia03/12/2009
India20/06/1988
Indonesia19/08/1993
Iran06/01/1998
Ireland29/09/1983
Italy18/05/1983
Jordan09/06/1978
Kenya31/08/1983
Latvia04/03/1997
Lithuania24/11/2000
Malawi23/06/1978
Malaysia26/03/1979
Mauritius01/02/1985
Moldova20/07/2001
Morocco21/02/1980
New Zealand30/10/1984
Niger08/09/1989
Nigeria25/06/1984
Norway25/03/1985
Pakistan29/07/1979
Qatar19/05/2003
Russian Federation13/12/1994
Saudi Arabia18/03/1985
Senegal18/03/1982
Seychelles29/03/2012
Slovakia10/02/2000
South Africa10/08/1993
Sri Lanka19/12/1984
Swaziland12/01/2000
Sweden03/05/1983
Tajikistan20/08/1997
Togo15/05/1991
Tunisia28/09/1983
Turkey25/08/1982
Uganda11/07/1989
Ukraine11/07/2000
United Kingdom18/03/1983
Zambia21/05/1984
Zimbabwe14/06/1982
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19782
19792
19801
19823
19837
19844
19854
19861
19882
19892
19901
19911
19932
19941
19951
19972
19981
19991
20006
20014
20021
20031
20091
20121
Total52
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