Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Warsaw, Poland
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 13/02/1933

Category

Transport and telecommunications

Sub category

Air transport

Groups

ICAO

What is it about?

This Convention is the first international convention to lay down the ground rules in the area of claims arising on international carriage of persons, baggage or cargo performed by aircraft. It also establishes international liability rules in case of accidents and requirements to format and content of air transport documents.

Why is it relevant?

Although this Convention has been superseded by the Montreal Convention (28/05/1999), it is still relevant among all the States that are Party to the Warsaw System (a system made up by this Convention plus amending Protocols and supplementary instruments, as detailed below) and have not yet ratified the Montreal Convention.

Additional Information

The Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air (Montreal, 28/05/1999), also known as Montreal Convention, prevails over this Convention and its Protocols for States Parties to both. Since the 1999 Montreal Convention is recent and it is still ratified by a limited number of countries, States that have not ratified the Warsaw Convention and its amendments may wish to consider ratifying them in conjunction with the Montreal Convention. The Warsaw Convention, which initially kept air carrier no-fault liability approximately to 10.000 USD, has been amended many times by the following instruments: - Additional Protocol No 1 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air (Montreal, 25/09/1975) - Additional Protocol No 2 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air (Montreal, 25/09/1975) - Additional Protocol No 3 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air (Montreal, 25/09/1975) - Additional Protocol No 4 to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air (Montreal, 25/09/1975) - Protocol to Amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air (Guatemala City, 08/03/1971) - Convention, Supplementary to the Warsaw Convention, for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air Performed by a Person Other than the Contracting Carrier (Guadalajara, 18/09/1961) - Protocol to amend the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air (The Hague, 28/09/1955).

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Afghanistan20/02/1969
Algeria02/06/1964
Angola10/03/1998
Argentina21/03/1952
Armenia25/11/1998
Australia01/08/1935
Austria28/09/1961
Azerbaijan24/01/2000
Bahamas23/05/1975
Bahrain12/03/1998
Bangladesh01/03/1979
Barbados29/01/1970
Belarus26/09/1959
Belgium13/07/1936
Benin27/01/1962
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)29/12/1998
Bosnia and Herzegovina03/03/1995
Botswana21/03/1977
Brazil02/05/1931
Brunei Darussalam28/02/1984
Bulgaria25/06/1949
Burkina Faso09/12/1961
Cambodia12/12/1996
Cameroon02/09/1961
Canada10/06/1947
Cape Verde07/02/2002
Chile02/03/1979
China20/07/1958
Colombia15/08/1966
Comoros11/06/1991
Congo19/01/1962
Costa Rica10/05/1984
Cote d'Ivoire22/02/1962
Croatia14/07/1993
Cuba21/07/1964
Cyprus08/05/1963
Czech Republic29/11/1994
Democratic People's Republic of Korea01/03/1961
Democratic Republic of the Congo01/12/1962
Denmark03/07/1937
Dominican Republic25/02/1972
Ecuador01/12/1969
Egypt06/09/1955
Equatorial Guinea20/12/1988
Estonia16/03/1998
Ethiopia14/08/1950
Fiji15/03/1972
Finland03/07/1937
France15/11/1932
Gabon15/02/1969
Germany30/09/1933
Ghana11/08/1997
Greece11/01/1938
Guatemala03/02/1997
Guinea11/09/1961
Honduras27/06/1994
Hungary29/05/1936
Iceland21/08/1948
India09/02/1970
Indonesia21/02/1952
Iran08/07/1975
Iraq28/06/1972
Ireland20/09/1935
Israel08/10/1949
Italy14/02/1933
Japan20/05/1953
Jordan08/12/1969
Kenya07/10/1964
Kuwait11/08/1975
Kyrgyzstan09/02/2000
Lao People's Democratic Republic09/05/1956
Latvia15/11/1932
Lebanon20/04/1962
Lesotho12/05/1975
Liberia02/05/1942
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya16/05/1969
Liechtenstein09/05/1934
Luxembourg07/10/1949
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)01/09/1994
Madagascar27/08/1962
Malawi27/10/1977
Malaysia16/12/1970
Maldives13/10/1995
Mali26/01/1961
Malta19/02/1986
Mauritania06/08/1962
Mauritius17/10/1989
Mexico14/02/1933
Moldova20/03/1997
Mongolia30/04/1962
Montenegro01/04/2008
Morocco05/01/1958
Myanmar02/01/1952
Nauru16/11/1970
Nepal12/02/1966
Netherlands01/07/1933
New Zealand06/04/1937
Niger08/03/1962
Nigeria15/10/1963
Norway03/07/1937
Oman06/08/1976
Pakistan30/12/1969
Panama12/11/1996
Papua New Guinea12/12/1975
Paraguay28/08/1969
Peru05/07/1988
Philippines09/11/1950
Poland15/11/1932
Portugal20/03/1947
Qatar22/12/1986
Romania08/07/1931
Russian Federation20/08/1934
Rwanda16/12/1964
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines03/12/2001
Samoa20/01/1964
Saudi Arabia27/01/1969
Senegal19/06/1964
Serbia18/07/2001
Seychelles24/06/1980
Sierra Leone02/04/1968
Singapore04/09/1971
Slovakia24/03/1995
Slovenia07/08/1998
Solomon Islands09/09/1981
South Africa22/12/1954
Spain31/03/1930
Sri Lanka02/05/1951
Sudan11/02/1975
Suriname30/06/2003
Sweden03/07/1937
Switzerland09/05/1934
Syrian Arab Republic03/06/1964
Togo02/07/1980
Tonga21/02/1977
Trinidad and Tobago10/05/1983
Tunisia15/11/1963
Turkey25/03/1978
Turkmenistan21/12/1994
Uganda24/07/1963
Ukraine14/08/1959
United Arab Emirates04/04/1986
United Kingdom14/02/1933
United Republic of Tanzania07/04/1965
United States of America31/07/1934
Uruguay04/07/1979
Uzbekistan27/02/1997
Vanuatu26/10/1981
Venezuela15/06/1955
Viet Nam11/10/1982
Yemen06/05/1982
Zambia25/03/1970
Zimbabwe27/10/1980
Treaties analysis
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Total155
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