Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961 (amended by the Protocol of 25 March 1972)

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: New York, USA
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 08/08/1975

Category

Good Governance

Sub category

Drugs

Groups

OPENESS TO MTRSUNODC

What is it about?

This Convention, which replaces the International Opium Convention and the Convention for the Suppression of the Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs, aims to prevent the illegal sale of narcotic drugs normally used for medical or scientific purposes. The drugs covered include opium and its derivates, morphine, codeine, heroin, cocaine, cannabis, and synthetic products such as methadone and pethidine. State parties agree to prohibit the production, manufacture, export and import, trade in, possession or use of any such drugs, except for amounts necessary for medical and scientific research. They also agree cooperate internationally in order to accomplish their goals. The International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) investigates failures to fulfil the requirements of the Convention. The Board ensures availability of adequate supplies for medical and scientific use and prevents leakages from licit sources to illicit traffic. To this end, it administers an estimates system for narcotic drugs and a voluntary assessment system for psychotropic substances and monitors international trade in drugs through the statistical returns system. The Board also monitors government control over chemicals used in the illicit manufacture of drugs and assists in preventing diversion of these chemicals into illicit traffic. It also identifies existing weaknesses in the national and international control systems and contributes to correcting the situation. Further, the Board is responsible for assessing chemicals used to illicitly manufacture drugs for possible international control. An additional Protocol to the Convention was added on 25 March 1972.

Why is it relevant?

The 1961 Convention provides a legal framework to prevent narcotics with medical or scientific value from being used for unintended purposes.

Additional Information

The United Nations Commission on Narcotics Drugs, under the Economic and Social Council is responsible for maintaining the schedule of controlled substances used by this instrument. Its Secretariat is located in Vienna, Austria.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Afghanistan19/02/2015
Albania14/08/2001
Algeria26/02/2003
Andorra13/02/2007
Angola26/10/2005
Antigua and Barbuda05/04/1993
Argentina16/11/1973
Armenia13/09/1993
Australia25/03/1972
Austria01/02/1978
Azerbaijan11/01/1999
Bahamas23/11/1976
Bahrain07/02/1990
Bangladesh25/04/1975
Barbados21/06/1976
Belarus13/09/2001
Belgium13/06/1984
Belize18/12/2001
Benin06/11/1973
Bhutan24/08/2005
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)23/09/1976
Bosnia and Herzegovina01/09/1993
Botswana27/12/1984
Brazil16/05/1973
Brunei Darussalam25/11/1987
Bulgaria18/09/1996
Burkina Faso02/06/1992
Burundi18/02/1993
Cambodia07/07/2005
Cameroon30/05/1974
Canada05/08/1976
Cape Verde24/05/1990
Central African Republic15/10/2001
Chile25/03/1972
China23/08/1985
Colombia03/03/1975
Comoros01/03/2000
Congo03/03/2004
Costa Rica14/02/1973
Cote d'Ivoire28/02/1973
Croatia26/07/1993
Cuba14/12/1989
Cyprus30/11/1973
Czech Republic30/12/1993
Democratic People's Republic of Korea19/03/2007
Democratic Republic of the Congo15/07/1976
Denmark12/04/1975
Djibouti22/02/2001
Dominica24/09/1993
Dominican Republic21/09/1973
Ecuador25/07/1973
Egypt14/01/1974
El Salvador26/02/1998
Eritrea30/01/2002
Estonia05/07/1996
Ethiopia11/10/1994
Fiji21/11/1973
Finland12/01/1973
France04/09/1975
Gabon14/10/1981
Gambia23/04/1996
Georgia27/03/2000
Germany20/02/1975
Ghana14/09/1990
Greece12/07/1985
Grenada19/08/1988
Guatemala09/12/1975
Guinea27/12/1990
Guinea-Bissau27/10/1995
Guyana15/07/2002
Haiti29/01/1973
Holy See07/01/1976
Honduras08/08/1979
Hungary12/12/1987
Iceland18/12/1974
India14/12/1978
Indonesia03/09/1976
Iran18/12/2001
Iraq25/09/1978
Ireland16/12/1980
Israel01/02/1974
Italy14/04/1975
Jamaica06/10/1989
Japan27/09/1973
Jordan28/02/1973
Kazakhstan29/04/1997
Kenya09/02/1973
Kuwait07/11/1973
Kyrgyzstan07/10/1994
Lao People's Democratic Republic16/03/2009
Latvia16/07/1993
Lebanon25/03/1972
Lesotho04/11/1974
Liberia13/04/1987
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya27/09/1978
Liechtenstein31/10/1979
Lithuania28/02/1994
Luxembourg27/10/1972
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)13/10/1993
Madagascar20/06/1974
Malawi25/03/1972
Malaysia25/03/1972
Maldives07/09/2000
Mali25/03/1972
Malta22/02/1990
Marshall Islands09/08/1991
Mauritania24/10/1989
Mauritius25/03/1972
Mexico25/03/1972
Micronesia (Federated States of)29/04/1991
Moldova15/02/1995
Monaco25/03/1972
Mongolia06/05/1991
Montenegro23/10/2006
Morocco25/03/1972
Mozambique08/06/1998
Myanmar25/03/1972
Namibia31/07/1998
Nepal29/06/1987
Netherlands25/03/1972
New Zealand25/03/1972
Nicaragua21/06/1973
Niger25/03/1972
Nigeria25/03/1972
Norway25/03/1972
Oman24/07/1987
Pakistan25/03/1972
Palau19/08/1998
Panama25/03/1972
Papua New Guinea28/10/1980
Paraguay25/03/1972
Peru25/03/1972
Philippines25/03/1972
Poland25/03/1972
Portugal25/03/1972
Qatar03/10/1986
Republic of Korea25/01/1973
Romania14/01/1974
Russian Federation25/03/1972
Rwanda15/07/1981
Saint Kitts and Nevis09/05/1994
Saint Lucia05/07/1991
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines03/12/2001
San Marino10/10/2000
Sao Tome and Principe20/06/1996
Saudi Arabia21/04/1973
Senegal25/03/1972
Serbia12/03/2001
Seychelles27/02/1992
Sierra Leone06/06/1994
Singapore09/07/1975
Slovakia28/05/1993
Slovenia06/07/1992
Solomon Islands17/03/1982
Somalia09/06/1988
South Africa16/12/1975
Spain04/01/1977
Sri Lanka29/06/1981
Sudan05/07/1994
Suriname29/03/1990
Swaziland18/10/1995
Sweden05/12/1972
Switzerland22/04/1996
Syrian Arab Republic01/02/1974
Tajikistan26/03/1997
Thailand09/01/1975
Togo10/11/1976
Tonga05/09/1973
Trinidad and Tobago23/07/1979
Tunisia29/06/1976
Turkey20/07/2001
Turkmenistan21/02/1996
Uganda15/04/1988
Ukraine27/09/2001
United Arab Emirates17/02/1988
United Kingdom12/06/1978
United Republic of Tanzania25/03/1999
United States of America01/11/1972
Uruguay31/10/1975
Uzbekistan24/08/1995
Venezuela04/12/1985
Viet Nam04/11/1997
Yemen25/03/1996
Zambia13/05/1998
Zimbabwe30/07/1993
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
197228
197319
19748
197512
19769
19771
19785
19793
19802
19813
19821
19842
19855
19861
19875
19884
19893
19906
19914
19923
199311
19946
19954
19967
19973
19985
19992
20004
200110
20022
20031
20041
20053
20061
20072
20091
20151
Total188
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