WTO Agreements

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Marrakech, Marocco
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 01/01/1995

Category

WTO

Sub category

WTO Agreements

Groups

WTO

What is it about?

The expression “WTO Agreement” is designed to include all GATT agreements (including the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and all agreements concluded under the authority of the GATT), the Marrakech Agreement(s), and also all agreements resulting from the negotiations of the Uruguay Round. The 15 April Agreement is the one that creates the World Trade Organization (WTO). Its structure is headed by a Ministerial Conference meeting at least once every two years. A General Council oversees the operation of the agreement and ministerial decisions on a regular basis and establishes subsidiary bodies such as the Goods Council, the Services Council and the Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) Council. The WTO Agreement also establishes a Dispute Settlement Body (DSB). The WTO Agreement has four (4) main objectives: to improve access to goods and market services, to reinforce the system of existing international commercial rules, to ensure world trade stability, predictability and transparency and finally to improve the commercial disputes settlement mechanism.

Why is it relevant?

This agreement is critically relevant because it provides for a common institutional framework, including the GATT agreements as well as those resulting from the Uruguay round. Thus, it provides a greater visibility of international Trade Rules. This visibility is increased by the creation of the WTO as a Multilateral Commercial Institution that has authority for all trade-related questions such as trade in services, agriculture, intellectual property and trade dispute settlement.

Additional Information

Typically, WTO agreements focus on the situation of developing countries by creating exceptions that allow them more favorable rules.

  • Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft
  • Government Procurement Agreement

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania08/09/2000
Angola23/11/1996
Antigua and Barbuda01/01/1995
Argentina01/01/1995
Armenia05/02/2003
Australia01/01/1995
Austria01/01/1995
Bahrain01/01/1995
Bangladesh01/01/1995
Barbados01/01/1995
Belgium01/01/1995
Belize01/01/1995
Benin22/02/1996
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)12/09/1995
Botswana31/05/1995
Brazil01/01/1995
Brunei Darussalam01/01/1995
Bulgaria01/01/1996
Burkina Faso03/06/1995
Burundi23/07/1995
Cambodia13/10/2004
Cameroon13/12/1995
Canada01/01/1995
Cape Verde23/07/2008
Central African Republic31/05/1995
Chad19/10/1996
Chile01/01/1995
China11/12/2001
Colombia30/04/1995
Congo27/03/1997
Costa Rica01/01/1995
Cote d'Ivoire01/01/1995
Croatia30/11/2000
Cuba20/04/1995
Cyprus30/07/1995
Czech Republic01/01/1995
Democratic Republic of the Congo01/01/1997
Denmark01/01/1995
Djibouti31/05/1995
Dominica01/01/1995
Dominican Republic09/03/1995
Ecuador21/01/1996
Egypt30/06/1995
El Salvador07/05/1995
Estonia13/11/1999
Fiji14/01/1996
Finland01/01/1995
France01/01/1995
Gabon01/01/1995
Gambia23/10/1996
Georgia14/06/2000
Germany01/01/1995
Ghana01/01/1995
Greece01/01/1995
Grenada22/02/1996
Guatemala21/07/1995
Guinea25/10/1995
Guinea-Bissau31/01/1995
Guyana01/01/1995
Haiti30/01/1996
Honduras01/01/1995
Hungary01/01/1995
Iceland01/01/1995
India01/01/1995
Indonesia01/01/1995
Ireland01/01/1995
Israel21/04/1995
Italy01/01/1995
Jamaica09/03/1995
Japan01/01/1995
Jordan11/04/2000
Kazakhstan30/11/2015
Kenya01/01/1995
Kuwait01/01/1995
Kyrgyzstan20/12/1998
Lao People's Democratic Republic02/02/2013
Latvia10/02/1999
Lesotho31/05/1995
Liechtenstein01/09/1995
Lithuania31/05/2001
Luxembourg01/01/1995
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)04/04/2003
Madagascar17/11/1995
Malawi31/05/1995
Malaysia01/01/1995
Maldives31/05/1995
Mali31/05/1995
Malta01/01/1995
Mauritania31/05/1995
Mauritius01/01/1995
Mexico01/01/1995
Moldova26/07/2001
Mongolia29/01/1997
Montenegro29/04/2012
Morocco01/01/1995
Mozambique26/08/1995
Myanmar01/01/1995
Namibia01/01/1995
Nepal23/04/2004
Netherlands01/01/1995
New Zealand01/01/1995
Nicaragua03/09/1995
Niger13/12/1996
Nigeria01/01/1995
Norway01/01/1995
Oman09/11/2000
Pakistan01/01/1995
Panama06/09/1997
Papua New Guinea09/06/1996
Paraguay01/01/1995
Peru01/01/1995
Philippines01/01/1995
Poland01/07/1995
Portugal01/01/1995
Qatar13/01/1996
Republic of Korea01/01/1995
Romania01/01/1995
Russian Federation22/08/2012
Rwanda22/05/1996
Saint Kitts and Nevis21/02/1996
Saint Lucia01/01/1995
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines01/01/1995
Samoa10/05/2012
Saudi Arabia11/12/2005
Senegal01/01/1995
Seychelles26/04/2015
Sierra Leone23/07/1995
Singapore01/01/1995
Slovakia01/01/1995
Slovenia30/07/1995
Solomon Islands26/07/1996
South Africa01/01/1995
Spain01/01/1995
Sri Lanka01/01/1995
Suriname01/01/1995
Swaziland01/01/1995
Sweden01/01/1995
Switzerland01/07/1995
Tajikistan02/03/2013
Thailand01/01/1995
Togo31/05/1995
Tonga27/07/2007
Trinidad and Tobago01/03/1995
Tunisia29/03/1995
Turkey26/03/1995
Uganda01/01/1995
Ukraine16/04/2008
United Arab Emirates10/04/1996
United Kingdom01/01/1995
United Republic of Tanzania01/01/1995
United States of America01/01/1995
Uruguay01/01/1995
Vanuatu24/08/2012
Venezuela01/01/1995
Viet Nam11/01/2007
Yemen26/06/2014
Zambia01/01/1995
Zimbabwe05/03/1995
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
1995110
199616
19974
19981
19992
20005
20015
20032
20042
20051
20072
20082
20124
20132
20141
20152
Total161
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