UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration (1985), with amendments as adopted in 2006

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Model Law
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: New York, USA
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: N/A

Category

Dispute resolution

Sub category

Arbitration

Groups

OPENESS TO MTRSUNCITRAL

What is it about?

The purpose of this Model Law is to assist States in reforming and modernizing their laws on arbitral procedure so as to take into account the particular features and needs of international commercial arbitration. It covers all stages of the arbitral process from the arbitration agreement, the composition and jurisdiction of the arbitral tribunal and the extent of court intervention through to the recognition and enforcement of the arbitral award. It reflects worldwide consensus on key aspects of international arbitration practice having been accepted by States of all regions and the different legal or economic systems of the world. In 2006, UNCITRAL approved two amendments to the 1985 Model Law relating to the form of an arbitration agreement and interim measures to amend the Model Law.

Why is it relevant?

The Model Law sets out a legal regime aimed at international commercial arbitration without affecting any relevant legal treaty in force in the State adopting the Model Law. Its intention is to provide support for the arbitral process based on respect for party autonomy. The Model Law was developed to address the considerable disparities in national laws on arbitration. The need for improvement and harmonization was based on findings that national laws were often inappropriate for international cases. The expectations of parties to an arbitration agreement referring to a chosen set of arbitration rules or an “ad hoc” arbitration agreement might be frustrated by national laws which affected the parties’ ability to submit future disputes to arbitration, select the arbitrator freely or have the arbitral proceedings conducted according to the agreed rules of procedure and with no more court involvement than appropriate. The approach and principles taken in the Model Law are aimed at reducing or eliminating these concerns and difficulties.

Additional Information

As a model law, the text is recommended to States for enactment as part of their national law. The Model Law includes an explanatory note which provides background information to assist States in preparing the necessary legislative provisions and gives useful insights to other users of the text such as judges and practitioners. The 1985 Model Law was revised in 2006 (see above). All related documents, including information on the status of the Model Law, are available at http://www.uncitral.org

  • United Nations Convention on Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (10 June 1958) UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules (1976) UNCITRAL Conciliation Rules (1980) UNCITRAL Notes on Organizing Arbitral Proceedings (1996) UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation (2002)

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Armenia2006
Australia2010
Austria2006
Azerbaijan1999
Bahrain2015
Bangladesh2001
Belarus1999
Belgium2013
Bhutan2013
Brunei Darussalam2009
Bulgaria2002
Cambodia2006
Canada1986
Chile2004
Costa Rica2011
Croatia2001
Cyprus1987
Denmark2005
Dominican Republic2008
Egypt1994
Estonia2006
Georgia2009
Germany1998
Greece1999
Guatemala1995
Honduras2000
Hungary1994
India1996
Iran1997
Ireland2010
Japan2003
Jordan2001
Kenya1995
Lithuania2012
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)2006
Madagascar1998
Malaysia2005
Maldives2013
Malta1996
Mauritius2008
Mexico1993
Montenegro2015
Myanmar2016
New Zealand2007
Nicaragua2005
Nigeria1990
Norway2004
Oman1997
Paraguay2002
Peru2008
Philippines2004
Poland2005
Republic of Korea1999
Russian Federation1993
Rwanda2008
Serbia2006
Singapore1999
Slovakia2014
Slovenia2008
Spain2003
Sri Lanka1995
Thailand2002
Tunisia1993
Turkey2001
Uganda31/12/2000
Ukraine1994
Venezuela1998
Zambia2000
Zimbabwe1996
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19861
19871
19901
19933
19943
19953
19963
19972
19983
19995
20003
20014
20023
20032
20042
20056
20066
20071
20085
20092
20102
20111
20121
20133
20141
20152
20161
Total70
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