Convention on Psychotropic Substances

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Vienna, Austria
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 16/08/1976

Category

Good Governance

Sub category

Drugs

Groups

OPENESS TO MTRSUNODC

What is it about?

This Convention is similar to the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. The present instrument, however, specifically concentrates on psychotropic substances. A psychotrope is a substance commonly found in pharmaceutical products that acts upon the nervous system. They include hallucinogens, stimulants, antidepressants and analgesics. The 1971 Convention expressly forbids the manufacture, export, import, distribution and stocks of, trade in, and use and possession of such psychotrope drugs for all matters other than for medical or scientific purposes. The International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) created under the Single Convention on Narcotics is responsible for ensuring that the terms of the Convention are fulfilled. To accomplish this, the INCB directly monitors the production, trade and sale of psychotropic substances. It also administers an estimates system for narcotic drugs and a voluntary assessment system for psychotropic substances and analyzes international trade in drugs through a statistical returns system. The Board also maintains a permanent dialogue with Governments to assist them in complying with their obligations under the international drug control treaties and, to that end, recommends, where appropriate, technical or financial assistance to be provided. It also analyses information provided by Governments, United Nations bodies, specialized agencies or other competent international organizations, with a view to ensuring that Governments adequately carry out the provisions of the international drug control treaties. If further recommends remedial measures.

Why is it relevant?

The adoption of this instrument assists States in reducing the illicit trade and usage of legally produced psychotropic substances.

Additional Information

The United Nations Commission on Narcotics Drugs, under the Economic and Social Council, is responsible for maintaining the schedule of controlled psychotropic substances. Its secretariat is located in Vienna, Austria.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Afghanistan21/05/1985
Albania24/01/2003
Algeria14/07/1978
Andorra13/02/2007
Angola26/10/2005
Antigua and Barbuda05/04/1993
Argentina16/02/1978
Armenia13/09/1993
Australia19/05/1982
Austria23/06/1997
Azerbaijan11/01/1999
Bahamas31/08/1987
Bahrain07/02/1990
Bangladesh11/10/1990
Barbados28/01/1975
Belarus15/12/1978
Belgium25/10/1995
Belize18/12/2001
Benin06/11/1973
Bhutan18/08/2005
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)20/03/1985
Bosnia and Herzegovina01/09/1993
Botswana27/12/1984
Brazil14/02/1973
Brunei Darussalam24/11/1987
Bulgaria18/05/1972
Burkina Faso20/01/1987
Burundi18/02/1993
Cambodia07/07/2005
Cameroon05/06/1981
Canada10/09/1988
Cape Verde24/05/1990
Central African Republic15/10/2001
Chad09/06/1995
Chile18/05/1972
China23/08/1985
Colombia12/05/1981
Comoros01/03/2000
Congo03/03/2004
Costa Rica16/02/1977
Cote d'Ivoire11/04/1984
Croatia26/07/1993
Cuba26/04/1976
Cyprus26/11/1973
Czech Republic30/12/1993
Democratic People's Republic of Korea19/03/2007
Democratic Republic of the Congo12/10/1977
Denmark18/04/1975
Djibouti22/02/2001
Dominica24/09/1993
Dominican Republic19/11/1975
Ecuador07/09/1973
Egypt14/06/1972
El Salvador11/06/1998
Eritrea30/01/2002
Estonia05/07/1996
Ethiopia23/06/1980
Fiji25/03/1993
Finland20/11/1972
France28/01/1975
Gabon14/10/1981
Gambia23/04/1996
Georgia08/01/1998
Germany02/12/1977
Ghana10/04/1990
Greece10/02/1977
Grenada25/04/1980
Guatemala13/08/1979
Guinea27/12/1990
Guinea-Bissau27/10/1995
Guyana04/05/1977
Holy See07/01/1976
Honduras23/05/2005
Hungary19/07/1979
Iceland18/12/1974
India23/04/1975
Indonesia19/12/1987
Iran09/08/2000
Iraq17/05/1976
Ireland07/08/1992
Israel10/06/1993
Italy27/11/1981
Jamaica06/10/1989
Japan31/08/1990
Jordan08/08/1995
Kazakhstan29/04/1997
Kenya18/10/2000
Kuwait13/07/1979
Kyrgyzstan07/10/1994
Lao People's Democratic Republic22/09/1997
Latvia16/07/1993
Lebanon15/12/1994
Lesotho23/04/1975
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya24/04/1979
Liechtenstein24/11/1999
Lithuania28/02/1994
Luxembourg07/02/1991
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)13/10/1993
Madagascar20/06/1974
Malawi09/04/1980
Malaysia22/07/1986
Maldives07/09/2000
Mali31/10/1995
Malta22/02/1990
Marshall Islands09/08/1991
Mauritania24/08/1989
Mauritius08/05/1973
Mexico20/02/1975
Micronesia (Federated States of)29/04/1991
Moldova15/02/1995
Monaco06/07/1977
Mongolia15/12/1999
Montenegro23/10/2006
Morocco11/02/1980
Mozambique08/06/1998
Myanmar21/09/1995
Namibia31/03/1998
Nepal09/02/2007
Netherlands08/09/1993
New Zealand07/06/1990
Nicaragua24/10/1973
Niger10/11/1992
Nigeria23/06/1981
Norway18/07/1975
Oman03/07/1997
Pakistan09/06/1977
Palau19/08/1998
Panama18/02/1972
Papua New Guinea20/11/1981
Paraguay03/02/1972
Peru28/01/1980
Philippines07/06/1974
Poland03/01/1975
Portugal20/04/1979
Qatar18/12/1986
Republic of Korea12/01/1978
Romania21/01/1993
Russian Federation03/11/1978
Rwanda15/07/1981
Saint Kitts and Nevis09/05/1994
Saint Lucia16/01/2003
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines03/12/2001
San Marino10/10/2000
Sao Tome and Principe20/06/1996
Saudi Arabia29/01/1975
Senegal10/06/1977
Serbia12/03/2001
Seychelles27/02/1992
Sierra Leone06/06/1994
Singapore17/09/1990
Slovakia28/05/1993
Slovenia06/07/1992
Somalia02/09/1986
South Africa27/01/1972
Spain20/07/1973
Sri Lanka15/03/1993
Sudan26/07/1993
Suriname29/03/1990
Swaziland03/10/1995
Sweden05/12/1972
Switzerland22/04/1996
Syrian Arab Republic08/03/1976
Tajikistan26/03/1997
Thailand21/11/1975
Togo18/05/1976
Tonga24/10/1975
Trinidad and Tobago14/03/1979
Tunisia23/07/1979
Turkey01/04/1981
Turkmenistan21/02/1996
Uganda15/04/1988
Ukraine20/11/1978
United Arab Emirates17/02/1988
United Kingdom24/03/1986
United Republic of Tanzania07/12/2000
United States of America16/04/1980
Uruguay16/03/1976
Uzbekistan12/07/1995
Venezuela23/05/1972
Viet Nam04/11/1997
Yemen25/03/1996
Zambia28/05/1993
Zimbabwe30/07/1993
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19729
19737
19743
197513
19766
19778
19786
19797
19806
19818
19821
19842
19855
19864
19874
19883
19892
199010
19913
19924
199318
19945
19959
19966
19976
19985
19993
20006
20015
20021
20032
20041
20054
20061
20073
Total186
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