International Convention on Salvage, 1989 (SALVAGE, 1989)

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: London, United Kingdom
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 14/07/1996

Category

Environment and products

Sub category

Maritime and Law of the Sea

Groups

IMO

What is it about?

The Convention replaced a convention on the law of salvage adopted in Brussels in 1910 which incorporated the "'no cure, no pay" principle under which a salvor is only rewarded for services if the operation is successful. Although this basic philosophy worked well in most cases, it did not take pollution into account. A salvor who prevented a major pollution incident (for example, by towing a damaged tanker away from an environmentally sensitive area) but did not manage to save the ship or the cargo got nothing. There was therefore little incentive to a salvor to undertake an operation which has only a slim chance of success. The 1989 Convention seeks to remedy this deficiency by making provision for an enhanced salvage award taking into account the skill and efforts of the salvors in preventing or minimizing damage to the environment.

Why is it relevant?

The Convention is relevant for the purposes of encouraging trade as it greatly encourages third parties to intervene and assist when accidents occur.

Additional Information

The 1989 Convention introduced a "special compensation" to be paid to salvors who have failed to earn a reward in the normal way (i.e. by salving the ship and cargo).

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania14/06/2006
Algeria26/03/2012
Australia08/01/1997
Azerbaijan12/06/2006
Belgium30/06/2004
Brazil29/07/2009
Bulgaria14/03/2005
Canada14/11/1994
China30/03/1994
Congo07/09/2004
Croatia10/09/1998
Denmark30/05/1995
Djibouti12/10/2015
Dominica31/08/2001
Ecuador16/02/2005
Egypt14/03/1991
Estonia31/07/2001
Fiji08/03/2016
Finland12/01/2007
France21/12/2001
Georgia25/08/1995
Germany08/10/2001
Greece03/06/1996
Guinea02/10/2002
Guyana10/12/1997
Iceland21/03/2002
India18/10/1995
Iran01/08/1994
Ireland06/01/1995
Italy14/07/1995
Jamaica28/11/2013
Jordan03/10/1995
Kenya21/07/1999
Kiribati05/02/2007
Latvia17/03/1999
Liberia18/09/2008
Lithuania15/11/1999
Marshall Islands16/10/1995
Mauritius17/12/2002
Mexico10/10/1991
Mongolia02/09/2015
Montenegro19/04/2012
Morocco25/02/2016
Netherlands10/12/1997
New Zealand16/10/2002
Nigeria11/10/1990
Norway03/12/1996
Oman14/10/1991
Palau29/09/2011
Poland16/12/2005
Romania18/05/2001
Russian Federation25/05/1999
Saint Kitts and Nevis07/10/2004
Saudi Arabia16/12/1991
Sierra Leone26/07/2001
Slovenia23/12/2005
Spain27/01/2005
Sweden19/12/1995
Switzerland12/03/1993
Syrian Arab Republic19/03/2002
Tonga18/09/2003
Tunisia05/05/1999
Turkey27/06/2014
United Arab Emirates04/10/1993
United Kingdom29/09/1994
United States of America27/03/1992
Vanuatu18/02/1999
Yemen28/09/2008
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19901
19914
19921
19932
19946
19959
19962
19973
19981
19996
20016
20025
20031
20043
20055
20062
20072
20082
20091
20111
20122
20131
20141
20152
20162
Total71
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