International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) 1974

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: London, United Kingdom
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 25/05/1980

Category

Transport and telecommunications

Sub category

Maritime shipping and load lines

Groups

IMO

What is it about?

This Convention deals with the safety of merchant ships, specifying minimum standards for the construction, equipment and operation of ships, compatible with their safety. It covers: subdivision and stability, machinery and electrical installations; fire protection, detection and extinction; life-saving appliances and arrangements; radiocommunications; safety of navigation; carriage of cargoes (covering requirements for stowage and securing of cargo and cargo units, such as containers); nuclear ships; management for the safe operation of ships; and special measures to enhance maritime safety.

Why is it relevant?

This instrument is regarded as the most important of all international treaties concerning the safety of merchant ships.

Additional Information

Governments are responsible for ensuring that ships under their flag comply with the requirements of this instrument. In order to assure that such compliance was achieved different kinds of certificates are prescribed throughout the Convention. Moreover, Governments are allowed to inspect ships of other flags if there are grounds for believing that the ship and its equipment do not substantially comply with the requirements of this instrument. This Convention provides for a tacit amendment procedure. It means that an amendment enters into force on a specific date, unless, before that date, objections to the amendment are received from an agreed number of Governments. As a result of this process, this instrument has been amended many times and it is sometimes referred to as SOLAS, 1974, as amended.

  • Convention on the International Maritime Organization (Geneva, 06/03/1948).

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania07/06/2004
Algeria03/11/1983
Angola03/10/1991
Antigua and Barbuda09/02/1987
Argentina05/12/1979
Australia17/08/1983
Austria27/05/1988
Azerbaijan01/07/1997
Bahamas16/02/1979
Bahrain21/10/1985
Bangladesh06/11/1981
Barbados01/09/1982
Belarus07/01/1994
Belgium24/09/1979
Belize02/04/1991
Benin01/11/1985
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)04/06/1999
Brazil22/05/1980
Brunei Darussalam23/10/1986
Bulgaria02/11/1983
Cambodia28/11/1994
Cameroon14/05/1984
Canada08/05/1978
Cape Verde28/04/1977
Chile28/03/1980
China07/01/1980
Colombia31/10/1980
Comoros22/11/2000
Congo10/09/1985
Costa Rica06/06/2011
Cote d'Ivoire05/10/1987
Croatia08/10/1991
Cuba19/06/1992
Cyprus11/10/1985
Czech Republic01/01/1993
Democratic People's Republic of Korea01/05/1985
Democratic Republic of the Congo17/12/2004
Denmark08/03/1978
Djibouti01/03/1984
Dominica21/06/2000
Dominican Republic10/04/1980
Ecuador28/05/1982
Egypt04/09/1981
Equatorial Guinea24/04/1996
Eritrea22/04/1996
Estonia16/12/1991
Ethiopia18/07/1985
Fiji04/03/1983
Finland21/11/1980
France25/05/1977
Gabon21/01/1982
Gambia01/11/1991
Georgia19/04/1994
Germany26/03/1979
Ghana19/05/1983
Greece12/05/1980
Grenada28/06/2004
Guatemala20/10/1982
Guinea19/01/1981
Guyana10/12/1997
Haiti06/04/1989
Honduras24/09/1985
Hungary09/01/1980
Iceland06/07/1983
India16/06/1976
Indonesia17/02/1981
Iran17/10/1994
Iraq14/12/1990
Ireland29/11/1983
Israel15/05/1979
Italy11/06/1980
Jamaica14/10/1983
Japan15/05/1980
Jordan07/08/1985
Kazakhstan07/03/1994
Kenya21/07/1999
Kiribati05/02/2007
Kuwait29/06/1979
Latvia20/05/1992
Lebanon29/11/1983
Liberia14/11/1977
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya02/07/1981
Lithuania04/12/1991
Luxembourg14/02/1991
Madagascar07/03/1996
Malawi09/03/1993
Malaysia19/10/1983
Maldives14/01/1981
Malta08/08/1986
Marshall Islands26/04/1988
Mauritania24/11/1997
Mauritius01/02/1988
Mexico28/03/1977
Moldova11/10/2005
Monaco01/11/1974
Mongolia26/06/2002
Montenegro03/06/2006
Morocco28/06/1990
Mozambique23/12/1996
Myanmar11/11/1987
Namibia27/11/2000
Netherlands10/07/1978
New Zealand23/02/1990
Nicaragua17/12/2004
Nigeria07/05/1981
Norway15/02/1977
Oman25/04/1985
Pakistan10/04/1985
Palau29/09/2011
Panama09/03/1978
Papua New Guinea12/11/1980
Paraguay15/06/2004
Peru04/12/1979
Philippines15/12/1981
Poland15/03/1984
Portugal07/11/1983
Qatar22/12/1980
Republic of Korea31/12/1980
Romania24/05/1979
Russian Federation09/01/1980
Saint Kitts and Nevis11/06/2004
Saint Lucia20/05/2004
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines28/10/1983
Samoa14/03/1997
Sao Tome and Principe29/10/1998
Saudi Arabia24/04/1985
Senegal16/01/1997
Serbia27/04/1992
Seychelles10/05/1988
Sierra Leone03/08/1993
Singapore16/03/1981
Slovakia01/01/1993
Slovenia25/06/1991
Solomon Islands30/06/2004
South Africa23/05/1980
Spain05/09/1978
Sri Lanka30/08/1983
Sudan15/05/1990
Suriname04/11/1988
Sweden07/07/1978
Switzerland01/10/1981
Syrian Arab Republic20/07/2001
Thailand18/12/1984
Togo19/07/1989
Tonga12/04/1977
Trinidad and Tobago15/02/1979
Tunisia06/08/1980
Turkey31/07/1980
Turkmenistan04/02/2009
Tuvalu22/08/1985
Ukraine01/11/1974
United Arab Emirates15/12/1983
United Kingdom07/10/1977
United Republic of Tanzania28/03/2001
United States of America07/09/1978
Uruguay30/04/1979
Vanuatu28/07/1982
Venezuela29/03/1983
Viet Nam18/12/1990
Yemen06/03/1979
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19742
19761
19777
19788
197911
198019
198110
19825
198315
19844
198512
19862
19873
19885
19892
19905
19918
19923
19934
19945
19964
19975
19981
19992
20003
20012
20021
20048
20051
20061
20071
20091
20112
Total163
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