Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Madrid, Spain
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 15/07/1892

Category

Intellectual property

Sub category

Trademarks

Groups

OPENESS TO MTRSWIPO

What is it about?

The Madrid System sets up an international system for trademark registration. The system is comprised of the 1891 Madrid Agreement and the 1989 Madrid Protocol. Both treaties allow for the international registration of marks. A single application filed with and approved by the International Bureau of WIPO will be accepted among all State parties. Under the Madrid Agreement, a national registration must be obtained in the first place, and then an application for international protection can be filed. An international registration leads to a series of national registrations. In the event that the original registration is revoked or terminated, the international protection is also terminated, even if the reason for cancellation at the national level would not qualify for cancellation under international standards. Under the present Agreement, a country has 12 months to reject or provisionally approve an international registration. The registration and renewal period is 20 years and the application must be submitted in French.

Why is it relevant?

An international trademark filing system is very beneficial. National trademark owners enjoy mark protection abroad and foreign trademark owners increase their willingness to do business within a member State. States also benefit from a reduced paperwork burden.

Additional Information

States having ratified the 1883 Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property may become a party to the present Agreement. The Madrid Agreement has been revised many times (14 December 1900 in Brussels, 2 June 1911 in Washington, 6 November 1925 at the Hague, 2 June 1934 in London, 14 July 1967 in Stockholm and 15 June 1975 in Nice). The Union created by the present agreement is composed of an Assembly and the International Bureau of WIPO. Some 20,000 new mark registrations are made every year. 357,688 international registrations were in force in the year 2000.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania04/07/1995
Algeria24/03/1972
Armenia25/12/1991
Austria01/01/1909
Azerbaijan25/09/1995
Belarus25/12/1991
Belgium15/07/1892
Bhutan04/05/2000
Bosnia and Herzegovina01/03/1992
Bulgaria25/04/1985
China04/07/1989
Croatia08/10/1991
Cuba06/09/1989
Cyprus04/08/2003
Czech Republic01/01/1993
Democratic People's Republic of Korea07/03/1980
Egypt05/03/1951
France15/07/1892
Germany01/12/1922
Hungary01/01/1909
Iran25/09/2003
Italy15/10/1894
Kazakhstan25/12/1991
Kenya26/03/1998
Kyrgyzstan25/12/1991
Latvia29/09/1994
Lesotho12/11/1998
Liberia25/09/1995
Liechtenstein14/07/1933
Luxembourg01/09/1924
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)08/09/1991
Moldova25/12/1991
Monaco09/02/1956
Mongolia16/01/1985
Montenegro03/06/2006
Morocco30/07/1917
Mozambique07/07/1998
Namibia31/03/2004
Netherlands01/03/1893
Poland14/12/1990
Portugal31/10/1893
Romania06/10/1920
Russian Federation15/03/1976
San Marino25/06/1960
Serbia26/02/1921
Sierra Leone17/03/1997
Slovakia01/01/1993
Slovenia25/06/1991
Spain15/07/1892
Sudan16/02/1984
Swaziland14/09/1998
Switzerland15/07/1892
Tajikistan25/12/1991
Ukraine25/12/1991
Viet Nam08/03/1949
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
18924
18932
18941
19092
19171
19201
19211
19221
19241
19331
19491
19511
19561
19601
19721
19761
19801
19841
19852
19894
19901
199110
19921
19932
19941
19953
19971
19984
20001
20032
20041
20061
Total57
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