United Nations Convention against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Vienna, Austria
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 11/11/1990

Category

Good Governance

Sub category

Drugs

Groups

OPENESS TO MTRSUNODC

What is it about?

This Convention promotes international cooperation against the illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. Drug trafficking under this Convention is specifically recognized as an international crime. State parties are required to criminalize certain offences related to drug trafficking under their national legislation, to cooperate in the investigation and prosecution of these offences and to confiscate property, proceeds and instrumentalities used in illicit trafficking. The Convention includes a framework for international cooperation to pursue traffickers and may be used as a legal basis for extradition. State parties agree to implement legislation permitting both the confiscation of illegal substances as well as any proceeds derived from their sale. They are further required to undertake measures to prevent diversion of substances used for the purpose of illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances and to limit their distribution. The International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) investigates failures to fulfil the requirements of the Convention. The Board endeavours to ensure that adequate supplies are available for medical and scientific uses and that leakages from licit sources to illicit traffic do not occur. To this end, it administers an estimates system for narcotic drugs and a voluntary assessment system for narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and monitors international trade in drugs through the statistical returns system. The Board monitors government control over chemicals used in the illicit manufacture of drugs, and assists in preventing diversion of these chemicals into illicit traffic. The Board also identifies where weaknesses in the national and international control systems exist and contributes to correcting the situation. Further, the Board is responsible for assessing chemicals used to illicitly manufacture drugs.

Why is it relevant?

The 1988 Convention requires State parties to criminalize all activities linked to the illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.

Additional Information

N/A.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Afghanistan14/02/1992
Albania27/06/2001
Algeria09/05/1995
Andorra23/07/1999
Angola26/10/2005
Antigua and Barbuda05/04/1993
Argentina28/06/1993
Armenia13/09/1993
Australia16/11/1992
Austria11/07/1997
Azerbaijan22/09/1993
Bahamas30/01/1989
Bahrain07/02/1990
Bangladesh11/10/1990
Barbados15/10/1992
Belarus15/10/1990
Belgium25/10/1995
Belize24/07/1996
Benin23/05/1997
Bhutan27/08/1990
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)20/08/1990
Bosnia and Herzegovina01/09/1993
Botswana13/08/1996
Brazil17/07/1991
Brunei Darussalam12/11/1993
Bulgaria24/09/1992
Burkina Faso02/06/1992
Burundi18/02/1993
Cambodia07/07/2005
Cameroon28/10/1991
Canada05/07/1990
Cape Verde08/05/1995
Central African Republic15/10/2001
Chad09/06/1995
Chile13/12/1990
China25/10/1989
Colombia10/06/1994
Comoros01/03/2000
Congo03/03/2004
Costa Rica08/02/1991
Cote d'Ivoire25/11/1991
Croatia26/07/1993
Cuba12/06/1996
Cyprus25/05/1990
Czech Republic30/12/1993
Democratic People's Republic of Korea19/03/2007
Democratic Republic of the Congo28/10/2005
Denmark19/12/1991
Djibouti22/02/2001
Dominica30/06/1993
Dominican Republic21/09/1993
Ecuador23/03/1990
Egypt15/03/1991
El Salvador21/05/1993
Eritrea30/01/2002
Estonia12/07/2000
Ethiopia11/10/1994
Fiji25/03/1993
Finland15/02/1994
France31/12/1990
Gabon10/07/2006
Gambia23/04/1996
Georgia08/01/1998
Germany30/11/1993
Ghana10/04/1990
Greece28/01/1992
Grenada10/12/1990
Guatemala28/02/1991
Guinea27/12/1990
Guinea-Bissau27/10/1995
Guyana19/03/1993
Haiti18/09/1995
Holy See25/01/2012
Honduras11/12/1991
Hungary15/11/1996
Iceland02/09/1997
India27/03/1990
Indonesia23/02/1999
Iran07/12/1992
Iraq22/07/1998
Ireland03/09/1996
Israel20/03/2002
Italy31/12/1990
Jamaica29/12/1995
Japan12/06/1992
Jordan16/04/1990
Kazakhstan29/04/1997
Kenya19/10/1992
Kuwait03/11/2000
Kyrgyzstan07/10/1994
Lao People's Democratic Republic01/10/2004
Latvia24/02/1994
Lebanon11/03/1996
Lesotho28/03/1995
Liberia16/09/2005
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya22/07/1996
Liechtenstein09/03/2007
Lithuania08/06/1998
Luxembourg29/04/1992
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)13/10/1993
Madagascar12/03/1991
Malawi12/10/1995
Malaysia11/05/1993
Maldives07/09/2000
Mali31/10/1995
Malta28/02/1996
Marshall Islands05/11/2010
Mauritania01/07/1993
Mauritius06/03/2001
Mexico11/04/1990
Micronesia (Federated States of)06/07/2004
Moldova15/12/1995
Monaco23/04/1991
Mongolia25/06/2003
Montenegro23/10/2006
Morocco28/10/1992
Mozambique08/06/1998
Myanmar11/06/1991
Namibia06/03/2009
Nauru12/07/2012
Nepal24/07/1991
Netherlands08/09/1993
New Zealand16/12/1998
Nicaragua04/05/1990
Niger10/11/1992
Nigeria01/11/1989
Norway14/11/1994
Oman15/03/1991
Pakistan25/10/1991
Panama13/01/1994
Paraguay23/08/1990
Peru16/01/1992
Philippines07/06/1996
Poland03/12/1991
Portugal03/12/1991
Qatar04/05/1990
Republic of Korea28/12/1998
Romania21/01/1993
Russian Federation17/12/1990
Rwanda13/05/2002
Saint Kitts and Nevis19/04/1995
Saint Lucia21/08/1995
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines17/05/1994
Samoa19/08/2005
San Marino20/06/1996
Sao Tome and Principe20/06/1996
Saudi Arabia09/01/1992
Senegal27/11/1989
Serbia12/03/2001
Seychelles27/02/1992
Sierra Leone06/06/1994
Singapore23/10/1997
Slovakia28/05/1993
Slovenia06/07/1992
South Africa14/12/1998
Spain13/08/1990
Sri Lanka06/06/1991
Sudan19/11/1993
Suriname28/10/1992
Swaziland03/10/1995
Sweden22/07/1991
Switzerland14/09/2005
Syrian Arab Republic03/09/1991
Tajikistan06/05/1996
Thailand03/05/2002
Timor-Leste03/06/2014
Togo01/08/1990
Tonga29/04/1996
Trinidad and Tobago17/02/1995
Tunisia20/09/1990
Turkey02/04/1996
Turkmenistan21/02/1996
Uganda20/08/1990
Ukraine28/08/1991
United Arab Emirates12/04/1990
United Kingdom28/06/1991
United Republic of Tanzania17/04/1996
United States of America20/02/1990
Uruguay10/03/1995
Uzbekistan24/08/1995
Vanuatu26/01/2006
Venezuela16/07/1991
Viet Nam04/11/1997
Yemen25/03/1996
Zambia28/05/1993
Zimbabwe30/07/1993
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19896
199027
199123
199217
199324
19949
199517
199618
19976
19987
19992
20004
20015
20024
20031
20043
20056
20063
20072
20091
20101
20122
20141
Total189
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