Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: London, United Kingdom
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 24/03/2006

Category

Environment and products

Sub category

Maritime and Law of the Sea

Groups

IMO

What is it about?

This Protocol is intended to replace the International Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London, 29 December 1972). It represents a major change of approach to the usage of the sea for the dumping of waste materials. It adds a sustainable development perspective, forbidding all dumping of hazardous materials as well as all sea incinerations. The export of wastes to non-party States for incinerations is also prohibited. Exceptionally, if provided with a proper permit, a State can dump certain items, including dredged material, sewage sludge, fish waste, or material resulting from industrial fish processing operations, vessels and platforms or other man-made structures at sea, inert, inorganic geological material and organic material of natural origin. Contrary to the London Convention of 29 December 1972, the 1996 Protocol addresses the dumping of wastes in the internal waters of State parties. The Protocol of 1996 also adds the principle of “polluter payer”, ensuring that individuals or entities authorized to dump wastes and other noxious substances are required to assume the costs linked to pollution created by their actions.

Why is it relevant?

By becoming a Party to this Convention, a State commits itself to protect its coasts and its marine environment from pollution resulting from the dumping of dangerous products and sea incinerations. It also preserves fishing and tourism – important sectors of the economy. The provisions of the instrument are more stringent than those of the London Convention of 1972.

Additional Information

The 1996 Protocol establishes a procedure to settle disputes related to the application of its provisions.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Angola04/10/2001
Antigua and Barbuda24/11/2015
Australia04/12/2000
Barbados25/07/2006
Belgium13/02/2006
Bulgaria25/01/2006
Canada15/03/2000
Chile26/09/2011
China29/09/2006
Congo19/05/2014
Denmark17/04/1997
Egypt20/05/2004
Estonia13/07/2013
France07/01/2004
Georgia18/04/2000
Germany16/10/1998
Ghana02/06/2010
Iceland21/05/2003
Ireland26/04/2001
Italy13/10/2006
Japan02/10/2007
Kenya14/01/2008
Luxembourg21/11/2005
Marshall Islands09/05/2008
Mexico22/02/2006
Morocco25/02/2016
Netherlands24/09/2008
New Zealand30/07/2001
Nigeria01/10/2010
Norway16/12/1999
Philippines09/05/2012
Republic of Korea22/01/2009
Saint Kitts and Nevis07/10/2004
Saudi Arabia02/02/2006
Sierra Leone10/03/2008
Slovenia03/03/2006
South Africa23/12/1998
Spain24/03/1999
Suriname11/02/2007
Sweden16/10/2000
Switzerland08/09/2000
Tonga18/09/2003
Trinidad and Tobago06/03/2000
United Kingdom15/12/1998
Uruguay17/12/2013
Vanuatu18/02/1999
Yemen24/01/2011
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19972
19983
19993
20006
20013
20032
20043
20051
200610
20072
20084
20091
20102
20112
20121
20132
20141
20151
20161
Total50
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