International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Rome, Italy
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 29/06/2004

Category

Environment and products

Sub category

Flora and fauna

Groups

FAO

What is it about?

The purpose of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture is to ensure the conservation and the sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture – defined as “any genetic material of plant origin of actual or potential value for food and agriculture” – and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits derived from their use. The Treaty brings governments, farmers and plant breeders together and offers a multilateral framework for accessing genetic resources and sharing their benefits. The Multilateral System established by the Treaty protects thirty-five food crops and twenty-nine forage crops. They represent the most important food crops on which countries rely. In addition, the world’s most important gene bank collection, around 600.000 samples, held by the “Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research” (CGIAR), will be put under the realm of the Treaty.

Why is it relevant?

The Governing Body of the Treaty, composed by the countries that have ratified it, sets out the conditions for access and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of plant genetic resources. In order to allow farmers, plant breeders and research institutions to access genetic resources, a standard material transfer agreement (MTA) is adopted by the Governing Body. When a commercial product is developed using these resources, farmers, plant breeders and research institutions have to pay an equitable share of the resulting monetary benefit, if this product is not made available to other potential users for further research and breeding. If the commercial product is freely available, the payment is voluntary. Funds arisen out of the System will be equally shared in order to finance projects aimed at farmers in developing countries and countries with economy in transition, who conserve plant genetic resources for food and agriculture. In addition, the Multilateral System will reduce transaction costs for the exchange of plant genetic material between countries, farmers, plant breeders and research institutions all over the world.

Additional Information

N/A.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Afghanistan01/11/2006
Albania12/05/2010
Algeria13/12/2002
Angola13/03/2006
Armenia20/03/2007
Australia12/12/2005
Austria04/11/2005
Bangladesh14/11/2003
Belgium02/10/2007
Benin24/02/2006
Bhutan02/09/2003
Brazil22/05/2006
Bulgaria29/12/2004
Burkina Faso05/12/2006
Burundi28/04/2006
Cambodia11/06/2002
Cameroon19/12/2005
Canada10/06/2002
Central African Republic04/08/2003
Chad14/03/2006
Chile14/01/2016
Congo14/09/2004
Costa Rica14/11/2006
Cote d'Ivoire25/06/2003
Croatia06/08/2009
Cuba16/09/2004
Cyprus15/09/2003
Czech Republic31/03/2004
Democratic People's Republic of Korea16/07/2003
Democratic Republic of the Congo05/06/2003
Denmark31/03/2004
Djibouti08/05/2006
Ecuador07/05/2004
Egypt31/03/2004
El Salvador09/07/2003
Eritrea10/06/2002
Estonia31/03/2004
Ethiopia18/06/2003
Fiji09/07/2008
Finland31/03/2004
France11/07/2005
Gabon13/11/2006
Germany31/03/2004
Ghana28/10/2002
Greece31/03/2004
Guatemala01/02/2006
Guinea11/06/2002
Guinea-Bissau01/02/2006
Guyana31/12/2015
Honduras14/01/2004
Hungary04/03/2004
Iceland07/08/2007
India10/06/2002
Indonesia10/03/2006
Iran28/04/2006
Iraq27/11/2014
Ireland31/03/2004
Italy18/05/2004
Jamaica14/03/2006
Jordan30/05/2002
Kenya27/05/2003
Kiribati13/12/2005
Kuwait02/09/2003
Kyrgyzstan30/08/2009
Lao People's Democratic Republic14/03/2006
Latvia27/05/2004
Lebanon06/05/2004
Lesotho21/11/2005
Liberia25/11/2005
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya12/04/2005
Lithuania21/06/2005
Luxembourg31/03/2004
Madagascar13/03/2006
Malawi04/07/2002
Malaysia05/05/2003
Maldives02/03/2006
Mali05/05/2005
Marshall Islands15/07/2014
Mauritania11/02/2003
Mauritius27/03/2003
Moldova03/08/2015
Montenegro21/07/2010
Morocco14/07/2006
Myanmar04/12/2002
Namibia07/10/2004
Nepal10/01/2010
Netherlands18/11/2005
Nicaragua22/11/2002
Niger27/10/2004
Norway03/08/2004
Oman14/07/2004
Pakistan02/09/2003
Palau05/08/2008
Panama13/03/2006
Paraguay03/01/2003
Peru05/06/2003
Philippines28/09/2006
Poland07/02/2005
Portugal07/11/2005
Qatar01/07/2008
Republic of Korea20/01/2009
Romania31/05/2005
Rwanda14/10/2010
Saint Lucia16/07/2003
Samoa09/03/2006
Sao Tome and Principe07/04/2006
Saudi Arabia17/10/2005
Senegal25/10/2006
Serbia01/10/2002
Seychelles30/05/2006
Sierra Leone20/11/2002
Slovakia08/06/2010
Slovenia11/01/2006
Spain31/03/2004
Sri Lanka16/12/2013
Sudan10/06/2002
Swaziland23/10/2012
Sweden31/03/2004
Switzerland22/11/2004
Syrian Arab Republic26/08/2003
Togo23/10/2007
Tonga16/12/2014
Trinidad and Tobago27/10/2004
Tunisia08/06/2004
Turkey07/06/2007
Tuvalu07/03/2016
Uganda25/03/2003
United Arab Emirates16/02/2004
United Kingdom31/03/2004
United Republic of Tanzania30/04/2004
Uruguay01/03/2006
Venezuela17/05/2005
Yemen01/03/2006
Zambia13/03/2006
Zimbabwe05/07/2005
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
200214
200320
200431
200517
200629
20075
20083
20093
20105
20121
20131
20143
20152
20162
Total136
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