Convention and Statute on Freedom of Transit

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Barcelona, Spain
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 31/10/1922

Category

Customs

Sub category

Transit

Groups

UNS

What is it about?

This instrument establishes the freedom of transit for persons, baggage, goods, vessels, coaching and other means of transport on the Contracting Parties’ territories. The Contracting Parties must facilitate free territorial movement by rail or by water on the routes appropriate for international transit. Contracting Parties have to refrain from levying taxes and duties on goods for transit, except in cases when the payment relates to a service imposed by the transit. The Contracting Parties are required to refrain from transit related discriminatory measures.

Why is it relevant?

The 1921 Convention secures and maintains freedom of transit.

Additional Information

No State has to grant transit for travellers whose entry on territory is prohibited or for categories of goods barred from import for reasons of public health or safety or out of precaution against animal or plant diseases.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania08/10/1921
Antigua and Barbuda25/10/1988
Armenia24/05/2013
Austria15/11/1923
Belgium16/05/1927
Bosnia and Herzegovina01/09/1993
Bulgaria11/07/1922
Cambodia12/04/1971
Chile19/03/1928
Croatia03/08/1992
Czech Republic09/02/1996
Denmark13/11/1922
Estonia06/06/1925
Fiji15/03/1972
Finland29/01/1923
France19/09/1924
Georgia02/06/1999
Germany09/04/1924
Greece18/02/1924
Hungary18/05/1928
India02/08/1922
Iran29/01/1931
Iraq01/03/1930
Italy05/08/1922
Japan20/02/1924
Lao People's Democratic Republic24/11/1956
Latvia29/09/1923
Lesotho23/10/1973
Liberia16/09/2005
Luxembourg19/03/1930
Malta13/05/1966
Mauritius18/07/1969
Nepal22/08/1966
Netherlands17/04/1924
New Zealand02/08/1922
Nigeria03/11/1967
Norway04/09/1923
Poland08/10/1924
Romania05/09/1923
Rwanda10/02/1965
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines05/09/2001
Serbia07/05/1930
Slovakia28/05/1993
Slovenia06/07/1992
Spain17/12/1929
Swaziland24/11/1969
Sweden19/01/1925
Switzerland14/06/1924
Thailand29/11/1922
Turkey27/06/1933
United Kingdom02/08/1922
Zimbabwe01/12/1998
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19211
19228
19235
19247
19252
19271
19282
19291
19303
19311
19331
19561
19651
19662
19671
19692
19711
19721
19731
19881
19922
19932
19961
19981
19991
20011
20051
20131
Total53
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