Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Amunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: New York, USA
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 03/07/2005

Category

Good Governance

Sub category

Organized crime

Groups

OPENESS TO MTRSUNODC

What is it about?

The purpose of this instrument, which completes the UN Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (New York, 15 November 2000), is to facilitate and strenghten international cooperation in order to prevent, to combat and to eradicate the manufacturing and trafficking of illegal firearms, their parts or components and ammunition. It consists of two chapters. To prevent illegal manufacturing and trafficking in firearms, Member States are held to set up a marking system for firearms and to keep information necessary for their traceability on file for at least ten years. Member States also have to establish a licensing or authorization system for import and export. To suppress illegal manufacturing and trafficking in firearms, Member States have the obligation to adopt legislation penalising illicit manufacturing, trafficking and manipulation of identification marks on firearms as well as allowing confiscation and seizure of firearms object to illegal manufacturing or trafficking. The 2001 Protocol establishes a general cooperation obligation between Member States, especially in the fields of education and technical assistance.

Why is it relevant?

This text does not prohibit manufacturing and legal trade in firearms. It ensures State control on trade and exchange of such objects.

Additional Information

Only Member States to the United Nations Convention against Transnational organised Crime (New York, 15 November 2000) may ratify the present Protocol.

  • United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (New York, 15 November 2000)

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania08/02/2008
Algeria25/08/2004
Angola19/09/2014
Antigua and Barbuda27/04/2010
Argentina18/12/2006
Armenia26/01/2012
Australia09/10/2013
Azerbaijan03/12/2005
Bahamas26/09/2008
Barbados11/11/2014
Belarus06/10/2004
Belgium24/09/2004
Benin30/08/2004
Bosnia and Herzegovina01/04/2008
Brazil31/03/2006
Bulgaria06/08/2002
Burkina Faso15/05/2002
Burundi24/05/2012
Cambodia12/12/2005
Cape Verde15/07/2004
Central African Republic06/10/2006
Chile17/06/2010
Costa Rica09/09/2003
Cote d'Ivoire25/10/2012
Croatia07/02/2005
Cuba09/02/2007
Cyprus06/08/2003
Czech Republic24/09/2013
Democratic Republic of the Congo28/10/2005
Denmark04/02/2015
Dominica17/05/2013
Dominican Republic07/04/2009
Ecuador25/09/2013
El Salvador18/03/2004
Estonia12/05/2004
Ethiopia22/06/2012
Finland17/05/2011
Gabon22/09/2010
Ghana14/01/2014
Greece11/01/2011
Grenada21/05/2004
Guatemala01/04/2004
Guinea-Bissau24/09/2013
Guyana02/05/2008
Haiti19/04/2011
Honduras01/04/2008
Hungary13/07/2011
India05/05/2011
Iraq23/05/2013
Italy02/08/2006
Jamaica29/09/2003
Kazakhstan31/07/2008
Kenya05/01/2005
Kuwait30/07/2007
Lao People's Democratic Republic26/09/2003
Latvia28/07/2004
Lebanon13/11/2006
Lesotho24/09/2003
Liberia22/09/2004
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya18/06/2004
Liechtenstein10/12/2013
Lithuania24/02/2005
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)14/09/2007
Madagascar15/09/2005
Malawi17/03/2005
Mali03/05/2002
Mauritania22/07/2005
Mauritius24/09/2003
Mexico10/04/2003
Moldova28/02/2006
Mongolia27/06/2008
Montenegro23/10/2006
Morocco08/04/2009
Mozambique20/09/2006
Nauru12/07/2012
Netherlands08/02/2005
Nicaragua02/07/2007
Nigeria03/03/2006
Norway23/09/2003
Oman13/05/2005
Panama18/08/2004
Paraguay27/09/2007
Peru23/09/2003
Poland04/04/2005
Portugal03/06/2011
Republic of Korea05/11/2015
Romania16/04/2004
Rwanda04/10/2006
Saint Kitts and Nevis21/05/2004
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines29/10/2010
Sao Tome and Principe12/04/2006
Saudi Arabia11/03/2008
Senegal07/04/2006
Serbia20/12/2005
Sierra Leone12/08/2014
Slovakia21/09/2004
Slovenia21/05/2004
South Africa20/02/2004
Spain09/02/2007
Swaziland24/09/2012
Sweden28/06/2012
Switzerland29/11/2012
Togo17/07/2012
Trinidad and Tobago06/11/2007
Tunisia10/04/2008
Turkey04/05/2004
Turkmenistan28/03/2005
Uganda09/03/2005
Ukraine04/06/2013
United Republic of Tanzania24/05/2006
Uruguay03/04/2008
Venezuela10/06/2013
Zambia24/04/2005
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
20023
20039
200419
200516
200613
20077
200810
20092
20104
20116
20129
20139
20144
20153
Total114
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