Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 24/02/2004

Category

Environment and products

Sub category

Chemicals

Groups

UNEP

What is it about?

The objective of this Convention is to regulate the international trade of certain pesticides and chemicals and to favour their sound ecological use. It is not intended to ban these products, but rather to ensure that importers are aware of their level of danger and harmful effect on environment and human health. The substances addressed by this Convention can only be exported with the prior and informed consent (PIC) of the importing country. Therefore the 1998 Convention requires States to list hazardous substances produced within their territory. If a country consents to import listed chemicals, the Convention promotes their safe use through labelling standards, technical assistance, and other forms of support. It also ensures that exporters comply with these requirements.

Why is it relevant?

This Convention gives importing countries the tools and information they need to identify potential hazards and exclude chemicals they cannot manage safely. It enables countries to protect its population and environment without depriving them from substances necessary for the development of their industry or agriculture. The provisions of the present Convention are particularly important for developing countries. The 1998 Convention promotes technical assistance to developing economies by countries with know-how in chemical product management

Additional Information

A Party Conference monitors the application of the present Convention.

N/A

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Afghanistan06/03/2013
Albania09/08/2010
Antigua and Barbuda23/08/2010
Argentina11/06/2004
Armenia26/11/2003
Australia20/05/2004
Austria27/08/2002
Bahrain16/04/2012
Belgium23/10/2002
Belize20/04/2005
Benin05/01/2004
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)18/12/2003
Bosnia and Herzegovina19/03/2007
Botswana05/02/2008
Brazil16/06/2004
Bulgaria25/07/2000
Burkina Faso11/11/2002
Burundi23/09/2004
Cambodia01/03/2013
Cameroon20/05/2002
Canada26/08/2002
Cape Verde01/03/2006
Chad10/03/2004
Chile20/01/2005
China22/03/2005
Colombia03/12/2008
Congo13/07/2006
Costa Rica14/08/2009
Cote d'Ivoire20/01/2004
Croatia16/11/2007
Cuba22/02/2008
Cyprus17/12/2004
Czech Republic12/06/2000
Democratic People's Republic of Korea06/02/2004
Democratic Republic of the Congo23/03/2005
Denmark15/01/2004
Djibouti10/11/2004
Dominica30/12/2005
Dominican Republic24/03/2006
Ecuador04/05/2004
El Salvador08/09/1999
Equatorial Guinea07/02/2003
Eritrea10/03/2005
Estonia13/06/2006
Ethiopia09/01/2003
Finland04/06/2004
France17/02/2004
Gabon18/12/2003
Gambia26/02/2002
Georgia27/02/2007
Germany11/01/2001
Ghana30/05/2003
Greece23/12/2003
Guatemala18/07/2010
Guinea07/09/2000
Guinea-Bissau12/06/2008
Guyana25/06/2007
Honduras26/09/2011
Hungary31/10/2000
India24/03/2005
Indonesia24/09/2013
Iran26/08/2004
Ireland10/06/2005
Israel03/10/2011
Italy27/08/2002
Jamaica20/08/2002
Japan15/06/2004
Jordan22/07/2002
Kazakhstan01/11/2007
Kenya03/02/2005
Kuwait12/05/2006
Kyrgyzstan25/05/2000
Lao People's Democratic Republic21/09/2010
Latvia23/04/2003
Lebanon13/11/2006
Lesotho30/05/2008
Liberia22/09/2004
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya09/07/2002
Liechtenstein18/06/2004
Lithuania17/03/2004
Luxembourg28/08/2002
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)12/08/2010
Madagascar22/09/2004
Malawi27/02/2009
Malaysia04/09/2002
Maldives17/10/2006
Mali05/06/2003
Marshall Islands27/01/2003
Mauritania22/07/2005
Mauritius05/08/2005
Mexico04/05/2005
Moldova27/01/2005
Mongolia08/03/2001
Montenegro30/12/2011
Morocco25/04/2011
Mozambique14/07/2010
Namibia24/06/2005
Nepal09/02/2007
Netherlands20/04/2000
New Zealand23/09/2003
Nicaragua19/09/2008
Niger16/02/2006
Nigeria28/06/2001
Norway25/10/2001
Oman31/01/2000
Pakistan14/07/2005
Panama18/08/2000
Paraguay18/08/2003
Peru14/09/2005
Philippines31/07/2006
Poland14/09/2005
Portugal16/02/2005
Qatar10/12/2004
Republic of Korea11/08/2003
Romania02/09/2003
Russian Federation28/04/2011
Rwanda07/01/2004
Saint Kitts and Nevis29/10/2010
Samoa30/05/2002
Sao Tome and Principe23/05/2013
Saudi Arabia07/09/2000
Senegal20/07/2001
Serbia31/07/2009
Singapore24/03/2005
Slovakia26/01/2007
Slovenia17/11/1999
Somalia26/07/2010
South Africa04/09/2002
Spain02/03/2004
Sri Lanka19/01/2006
Sudan17/02/2005
Suriname30/05/2000
Swaziland24/09/2012
Sweden10/10/2003
Switzerland10/01/2002
Syrian Arab Republic24/09/2003
Thailand19/02/2002
Togo23/06/2004
Tonga31/03/2010
Trinidad and Tobago16/12/2009
Uganda18/08/2008
Ukraine06/12/2002
United Arab Emirates10/09/2002
United Kingdom17/06/2004
United Republic of Tanzania26/08/2002
Uruguay04/03/2003
Venezuela19/04/2005
Viet Nam06/05/2007
Yemen04/02/2006
Zambia28/01/2011
Zimbabwe01/03/2012
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19992
200010
20015
200219
200317
200426
200523
200611
20078
20087
20094
20109
20116
20123
20134
Total154
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