Protocol of 1978 relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 as amended. (SOLAS PROT)

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: London, United Kingdom
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 01/05/1981

Category

Transport and telecommunications

Sub category

Maritime transport

Groups

IMO

What is it about?

The 1978 SOLAS Protocol was adopted at the International Conference on Tanker Safety and Pollution Prevention, which was convened in response to a spate of tanker accidents in 1976-1977. The Protocol made a number of important changes to Chapter I, including the introduction of unscheduled inspections and/or mandatory annual surveys and the strengthening of port State control requirements. Chapter II-1, Chapter II-2 and Chapter V were also improved by further enhancing safety measures, including the required implementation of inert gas systems and extra precautionary measures relating to the steering and radar systems.

Why is it relevant?

The Protocol raises the safety standards set in the parent SOLAS Convention in a reaction to accidents that occurred previously. The reoccurrence of similar events should now be avoidable through compliance with the current amendments.

Additional Information

The International Conference on Tanker Safety adopted measures affecting tanker design and operation, which were incorporated into both the SOLAS Protocol of 1978 as well as the Protocol of 1978 relating to the 1973 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (1978 MARPOL Protocol). In December 2007, 111 states had ratified the Protocol, the combined merchant fleets of which constitute approximately 96% of the gross tonnage of the world’s merchant fleet.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania07/06/2004
Algeria03/11/1983
Angola03/10/1991
Antigua and Barbuda09/02/1987
Argentina24/04/1982
Australia17/08/1983
Austria27/05/1988
Bahamas16/02/2000
Barbados29/05/1984
Belgium24/09/1979
Belize02/04/1991
Benin11/02/2000
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)04/06/1999
Brazil20/11/1985
Brunei Darussalam23/10/1986
Bulgaria02/11/1983
Cambodia28/11/1994
Chile15/07/1992
China17/12/1982
Colombia31/10/1980
Comoros22/11/2000
Congo19/05/2014
Costa Rica06/06/2011
Cote d'Ivoire05/10/1987
Croatia08/10/1991
Cuba19/06/1992
Cyprus11/10/1985
Czech Republic01/01/1993
Democratic People's Republic of Korea11/05/1985
Denmark27/11/1980
Dominica21/06/2000
Ecuador21/05/2008
Egypt07/08/1986
Equatorial Guinea24/04/1986
Estonia16/12/1991
Ethiopia03/01/1986
Fiji28/07/2004
Finland30/04/1981
France21/12/1979
Germany06/06/1980
Ghana19/05/1983
Greece17/07/1981
Grenada28/06/2004
Guinea21/10/2002
Guyana10/12/1997
Honduras24/09/1985
Hungary03/02/1982
Iceland06/07/1983
India03/04/1986
Indonesia23/08/1988
Iran31/08/2000
Ireland29/11/1983
Israel21/08/1981
Italy01/10/1982
Jamaica17/08/2005
Japan15/05/1980
Kazakhstan07/03/1994
Kenya07/07/2015
Kiribati05/02/2007
Kuwait29/06/1979
Latvia05/08/2005
Lebanon29/11/1983
Liberia28/10/1980
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya02/07/1981
Lithuania04/12/1991
Luxembourg14/02/1991
Malaysia19/10/1983
Malta08/08/1986
Marshall Islands26/04/1988
Mauritania24/11/1997
Mexico30/06/1983
Montenegro03/06/2006
Morocco30/01/2001
Myanmar11/11/1987
Namibia27/11/2000
Netherlands08/07/1980
New Zealand23/02/1990
Nigeria13/11/1984
Norway25/03/1981
Oman15/04/1985
Pakistan10/04/1985
Palau29/09/2011
Panama14/07/1982
Peru16/07/1982
Poland15/03/1984
Portugal07/11/1983
Republic of Korea02/12/1982
Romania14/01/2008
Russian Federation12/05/1981
Saint Kitts and Nevis11/06/2004
Saint Lucia20/05/2004
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines13/07/1987
Samoa14/03/1997
Sao Tome and Principe29/10/1998
Saudi Arabia02/03/1990
Senegal16/01/1997
Serbia03/06/2006
Seychelles10/05/1988
Sierra Leone10/03/2008
Singapore01/06/1984
Slovakia01/06/1984
Slovenia25/06/1991
South Africa11/01/1982
Spain30/04/1984
Sweden01/04/1982
Switzerland01/04/1982
Syrian Arab Republic20/07/2001
Togo18/07/1989
Tonga11/09/2003
Trinidad and Tobago07/06/2012
Tunisia06/08/1980
Turkey03/09/2013
Tuvalu20/06/2004
Ukraine16/07/1992
United Arab Emirates15/12/1983
United Kingdom05/11/1979
United States of America12/08/1980
Uruguay30/04/1979
Vanuatu28/07/1982
Viet Nam12/10/1992
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19795
19809
19816
198213
198311
19846
19856
19866
19874
19884
19891
19902
19917
19924
19931
19942
19974
19981
19991
20006
20012
20021
20031
20046
20052
20062
20071
20083
20112
20121
20131
20141
20151
Total123
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