Protocol relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Pollution by Substances other than Oil

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: London, United Kingdom
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 30/03/1983

Category

Environment and products

Sub category

Maritime and Law of the Sea

Groups

IMO

What is it about?

This instrument supplements the International Convention relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties (Brussels, 29 November 1969). It extends the provisions of the 1969 Convention to ships transporting dangerous substances, such as chemical products, liquefied gas and radioactive materials. The present Protocol of 1973 details measures that can be taken by a State party towards ships in distress and the threat of pollution by such substances. The amendments of 4 July 1991 and 10 July 1996 enlarge the scope of materials covered by the Protocol of 1973.

Why is it relevant?

The Protocol of 1973 provides State parties with tools to protect their territory against pollution caused by hazardous and noxious substances, threatening their fishing and tourism industries as well as public health. It also gives specific rights to State parties concerned by a ship in distress (Flag State, ship owners). The Protocol of 1973 presents the same advantages as the Convention of 29 November 1969, though it enlarges the range of relevant substances.

Additional Information

In 2003, 44 States representing some 50% of world tonnage had ratified the present Protocol.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Algeria21/11/2011
Australia07/11/1983
Bahamas05/03/1981
Barbados06/05/1994
Belgium09/11/1982
Brazil18/01/2008
Bulgaria21/11/2006
Chile28/02/1995
China23/02/1990
Congo19/05/2014
Croatia08/10/1991
Denmark09/05/1983
Egypt03/02/1989
Estonia16/05/2008
Finland04/08/1986
France31/12/1985
Georgia25/08/1995
Germany21/08/1985
Iran25/07/1997
Ireland06/01/1995
Italy01/10/1982
Jamaica13/12/1991
Latvia09/08/2001
Liberia17/02/1981
Marshall Islands16/10/1995
Mauritania24/11/1997
Mauritius06/11/2003
Mexico11/04/1980
Monaco31/03/2005
Montenegro03/06/2006
Morocco30/01/2001
Namibia12/04/2004
Netherlands10/09/1980
New Zealand04/07/2014
Nicaragua15/11/1994
Norway15/07/1980
Oman24/01/1985
Pakistan13/01/1995
Poland10/07/1981
Portugal08/07/1987
Russian Federation30/12/1982
Saint Lucia20/05/2004
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines12/05/1999
Serbia03/06/2006
Slovenia25/06/1991
South Africa25/09/1997
Spain14/03/1994
Sweden28/06/1976
Switzerland15/12/1987
Tonga01/02/1996
Tunisia04/05/1976
United Kingdom05/11/1979
United Republic of Tanzania23/11/2006
United States of America07/09/1978
Vanuatu14/09/1992
Yemen06/03/1979
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19762
19781
19792
19803
19813
19823
19833
19853
19861
19872
19891
19903
19913
19921
19943
19955
19961
19973
19991
20012
20031
20042
20051
20064
20082
20111
20142
Total59
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