Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects launched into outer Space

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: London, Washington, Moscow
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 03/12/1968

Category

Transport and telecommunications

Sub category

Space

Groups

What is it about?

This instrument establishes an international system of assistance to astronauts in cases of emergency and provides for the return of space-launched objects having had an accident. According to the provisions of the 1968 Convention, a State Party discovering that personnel of a spacecraft have suffered accident, are experiencing conditions of distress or have made an emergency or unintended landing in territory under its jurisdiction has to notify immediately the launching authority or has to make a public announcement if it cannot identify the latter. Further it has to take all possible steps to ensure the rescue and return of the personnel, if necessary assisted by the launching authority. The rescue obligation also applies while the personnel of a spacecraft have been found on the high seas or in any other place not under the jurisdiction of another State. In such a case all State Parties capable to do so have to assist the research and rescue operation. Each State Party having jurisdiction over the territory where a space object or its component parts have been discovered has to inform the launching authority as well as to recover and return these objects.

Why is it relevant?

The 1968 Agreement implements the principles on the assistance to astronauts and the return of space objects according to the Treaty governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and other Celestial Bodies (London, Moscow and Washington D.C., 27 January 1967).

Additional Information

N/A.

Download

Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Antigua and Barbuda26/12/1988
Australia18/03/1986
Austria18/02/1970
Bahamas11/08/1976
Barbados20/02/1969
Belgium15/04/1977
Botswana18/04/1969
Brazil27/02/1973
Bulgaria16/04/1969
Cameroon10/01/1969
Canada20/02/1975
Chile08/10/1981
China20/12/1988
Colombia23/04/1968
Costa Rica24/04/1968
Cyprus17/12/1970
Czech Republic18/02/1969
Democratic Republic of the Congo22/04/1968
Denmark06/05/1969
Ecuador07/03/1969
El Salvador19/02/1970
Fiji18/07/1972
Finland10/09/1970
France31/12/1975
Gabon02/04/1969
Gambia02/08/1968
Germany17/02/1972
Greece07/07/1975
Guyana30/05/1969
Hungary04/06/1969
Iceland04/12/1969
India09/07/1979
Iraq22/04/1968
Ireland29/08/1970
Israel06/01/1970
Italy31/03/1978
Japan20/06/1983
Kuwait20/06/1972
Lao People's Democratic Republic15/01/1973
Lebanon31/03/1969
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya20/04/2010
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)01/03/1971
Madagascar11/02/1969
Maldives03/04/1970
Mauritius21/04/1969
Mexico11/03/1969
Mongolia31/01/1969
Montenegro12/12/2006
Morocco20/11/1970
Nepal03/02/1969
New Zealand08/07/1969
Niger15/01/1969
Nigeria23/03/1973
Norway20/04/1970
Pakistan02/11/1973
Papua New Guinea27/10/1980
Peru03/05/1979
Poland14/02/1969
Portugal25/03/1970
Republic of Korea04/04/1969
Romania28/06/1971
San Marino10/08/1970
Seychelles05/01/1978
Singapore10/09/1976
Slovenia27/05/1992
South Africa24/09/1969
Spain26/02/2001
Swaziland10/06/1969
Sweden21/07/1969
Switzerland18/12/1969
Thailand29/05/1969
Tonga07/07/1971
Tunisia15/02/1971
Turkey21/09/2006
Ukraine16/01/1969
United Arab Emirates11/12/1968
United States of America03/12/1968
Uruguay25/02/1969
Zambia28/08/1973
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19687
196929
197011
19714
19723
19735
19753
19762
19771
19782
19792
19801
19811
19831
19861
19884
19921
20011
20062
20101
Total82
Map
Contact Us

Not readable? Change text. captcha txt

Fatal error: Allowed memory size of 268435456 bytes exhausted (tried to allocate 14045391 bytes) in /var/www/html/legacarta/wp-includes/wp-db.php on line 1978