International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: London, United Kingdom
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 21/11/2008

Category

Environment and products

Sub category

Maritime and Law of the Sea

Groups

IMO

What is it about?

The provisions of this instrument are based on the International Convention on the Civil Responsibility for Damages Generated by Hydrocarbon Pollution (Brussels, 29 November 1969) and its Protocol of 27 November 1992. It guarantees fair compensation to State party victims of damage caused by spills of oil when carried as fuel in ship bunkers. This 2001 Convention requires the registered owner of a ship having a gross tonnage greater than 1000 and registered in a State Party to maintain insurance or other financial security (such as the guarantee of a bank or similar financial institution) to cover liability for pollution damage in an amount equal to the limits of liability under the applicable national or international limitation regime, but in all cases, not exceeding an amount calculated in accordance with the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims (London, 19 November 1976). The provisions of the present Convention do not apply to warships nor do they apply to ships owned or operated by a State and used only for government non-commercial service.

Why is it relevant?

State parties to the 2001 Convention benefit by avoiding long and expensive legal procedures following bunker oil pollution. Funds paid can also compensate for losses suffered by the fishing and tourism industry.

Additional Information

In 2003, only three States representing less than one percent of world tonnage, had ratified this Convention

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania30/04/2010
Antigua and Barbuda19/12/2008
Australia16/03/2009
Austria30/01/2013
Azerbaijan22/06/2010
Bahamas30/01/2008
Barbados15/10/2009
Belgium11/08/2009
Belize22/08/2011
Bulgaria06/07/2007
Canada02/10/2009
China09/12/2008
Congo19/05/2014
Cote d'Ivoire08/07/2013
Croatia15/12/2006
Cyprus10/01/2005
Czech Republic20/12/2012
Democratic People's Republic of Korea17/07/2009
Denmark23/07/2008
Djibouti12/10/2015
Egypt15/02/2010
Estonia05/10/2006
Ethiopia17/02/2009
Fiji08/03/2016
Finland18/11/2008
France19/10/2010
Germany24/04/2007
Greece22/12/2005
Hungary30/01/2008
Indonesia11/09/2014
Iran21/11/2011
Ireland23/12/2008
Italy18/11/2010
Jamaica02/05/2003
Jordan24/03/2010
Kenya07/07/2015
Kiribati29/07/2009
Latvia19/04/2005
Liberia21/08/2008
Lithuania14/09/2007
Luxembourg21/11/2005
Malaysia12/11/2008
Malta12/11/2008
Marshall Islands09/05/2008
Mauritius17/07/2013
Mongolia28/09/2011
Montenegro29/11/2011
Morocco14/04/2010
Netherlands23/12/2010
New Zealand04/04/2014
Nicaragua03/04/2014
Nigeria01/10/2010
Norway25/03/2008
Palau28/09/2011
Panama17/02/2009
Poland15/12/2006
Portugal21/07/2015
Republic of Korea28/08/2009
Romania15/06/2009
Russian Federation24/02/2009
Saint Kitts and Nevis21/10/2009
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines26/11/2008
Samoa18/05/2004
Serbia08/07/2010
Sierra Leone21/11/2007
Singapore31/03/2006
Slovakia01/05/2013
Slovenia20/05/2004
Spain10/12/2003
Sweden03/06/2013
Switzerland24/09/2013
Syrian Arab Republic24/04/2009
Togo23/04/2012
Tonga18/09/2003
Tunisia05/09/2011
Turkey12/09/2013
Tuvalu12/01/2009
United Kingdom29/06/2006
Vanuatu20/08/2008
Viet Nam18/06/2010
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
20033
20042
20054
20065
20074
200817
200914
201011
20116
20122
20137
20144
20153
20161
Total83
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