Convention on Damage Caused by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Rome, Italy
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 04/02/1958

Category

Transport and telecommunications

Sub category

Aircrafts and civil aviation

Groups

ICAO

What is it about?

This instrument deals with damage caused on the surface of one of the State Parties by aircraft registered in another State Party. It imposes absolute liability, attached to the operator of the aircraft, regardless of fault.

Why is it relevant?

It constitutes the only international convention which efforts are directed towards the adequate compensation for persons who suffer damage caused on the surface by foreign aircraft, while limiting in a reasonable manner the extent of the liabilities incurred for such damage in order not to hinder the development of international civil air transport.

Additional Information

Acceptance of the Convention has been slow and two State Parties denounced the Convention (Canada in 1976 and Australia in 2000). It calls for modernization in order to cope with recent developments in areas such as liability and environment.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Algeria13/04/1964
Angola24/02/1998
Argentina26/09/1972
Azerbaijan23/03/2000
Bahrain03/03/1997
Belgium11/08/1966
Benin30/03/2004
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)09/07/1998
Brazil19/12/1962
Cameroon23/07/1969
Cuba08/09/1965
Ecuador12/05/1958
Egypt23/02/1954
El Salvador13/02/1980
Gabon14/01/1970
Gambia20/06/2000
Guatemala10/05/1983
Guinea28/05/1990
Haiti24/03/1961
Honduras05/10/1960
Iraq19/07/1972
Italy10/10/1963
Kenya05/07/1999
Kuwait27/11/1979
Lebanon27/02/2007
Luxembourg19/02/1957
Madagascar28/12/2006
Maldives05/09/1995
Mali28/12/1961
Mauritania23/07/1962
Moldova31/10/2000
Morocco31/03/1964
Niger27/12/1962
Oman06/08/2003
Pakistan06/11/1957
Papua New Guinea15/12/1975
Paraguay26/05/1969
Russian Federation21/04/1982
Rwanda17/05/1971
Seychelles15/09/1980
Spain01/03/1957
Sri Lanka31/03/1959
Suriname27/03/2003
Togo02/07/1980
Tunisia16/09/1963
United Arab Emirates12/02/1990
Uruguay08/11/1978
Vanuatu15/01/1982
Yemen26/09/1986
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19541
19573
19581
19591
19601
19612
19623
19632
19642
19651
19661
19692
19701
19711
19722
19751
19781
19791
19803
19822
19831
19861
19902
19951
19971
19982
19991
20003
20032
20041
20061
20071
Total49
Map
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