Energy Charter Treaty

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Lisbon, Portugal
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 16/04/1998

Category

Environment and products

Sub category

Energy

Groups

ECC

What is it about?

The Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) is a framework agreement which promotes international co-operation in the energy sector. The treaty implements the principles of the European Energy Charter (17 December 1991). The Treaty has four major sections : investment protection, trading in energy, energy products and energy transit. The treaty calls for the development of open energy markets. It also promotes direct investment in the energy sector under the principle of non-discrimination. It as well acknowledges the sovereignty of a state over its energy resources and recognizes the necessity for a State to have an environmentally friendly and efficient energy policy. There is an arbitration mechanism for disputes in connection with the Treaty under Part V. These disputes may be between investors and contracting parties, or between contracting parties. The Energy Charter Protocol (17 December 1994) provides guidance on the development of energy efficiency programs, indicates areas of cooperation, and provides a framework for the development of co-operative and coordinated action. The Protocol has three objectives. First, to promote energy efficiency policies consistent with sustainable development. Second, to create conditions which induce producers and consumers to use energy as efficiently and environmentally sound as possible (particularly through the organization of efficient energy markets and a recognition of environmental costs and benefits). Third, to foster cooperation in the field of energy efficiency. The Amendment to the Trade-Related Provisions of the Energy Charter Treaty of 17 December 1994 (Brussels, 24 April 1998) provides interim measures on trade related matters so as to integrate the Agreements of the Uruguay Round of the World Trade Organization.

Why is it relevant?

State parties which export energy benefit from the opening of Western European markets. States also agree to reduce damage to the environment related to energy production. State parties which are victims of cross border pollution can also find remedy against the State where the pollution is produced.

Additional Information

In order to become a party to this instrument, a State must have previously adopted the European Energy Charter (The Hague, 17 December 1991).In addition to countries on the European continent, the caucus States and Russia, the Treaty on the Energy Charter has also been adopted by Japan and Australia. State parties meet periodically at the Energy Charter Conference. There is also a Secretariat which provides the Charter Conference with all necessary assistance for the performance of its duties. The Secretariat also carries out certain functions assigned to it in the Treaty.

  • European Energy Charter (The Hague, 17 December 1991)
  • Energy Charter Protocol on Energy Efficiency and Related Environmental Aspects (Lisbon, 17 December 1994)

Download

Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Afghanistan19/01/2013
Albania12/02/1998
Armenia19/01/1998
Austria16/12/1997
Azerbaijan23/12/1997
Belgium08/05/1998
Bosnia and Herzegovina17/05/2001
Bulgaria15/11/1996
Croatia09/12/1997
Cyprus16/01/1998
Czech Republic17/06/1996
Denmark16/12/1997
Estonia04/05/1998
Finland16/12/1997
France28/09/1999
Georgia12/07/1995
Germany16/12/1997
Greece04/09/1997
Hungary08/04/1998
Iceland07/07/2015
Ireland15/04/1999
Italy16/12/1997
Japan23/07/2002
Kazakhstan06/08/1996
Kyrgyzstan07/07/1997
Latvia15/01/1996
Liechtenstein12/12/1997
Lithuania14/09/1998
Luxembourg27/11/1997
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)27/03/1998
Malta10/07/2001
Moldova22/06/1996
Mongolia19/11/1999
Montenegro16/07/2015
Netherlands16/12/1997
Poland24/04/2001
Portugal16/12/1997
Romania12/08/1997
Slovakia16/10/1995
Slovenia10/09/1997
Spain16/12/1997
Sweden16/12/1997
Switzerland19/09/1996
Tajikistan25/06/1997
Turkey05/04/2001
Turkmenistan17/07/1997
Ukraine29/10/1998
United Kingdom16/12/1997
Uzbekistan12/03/1996
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19952
19967
199721
19989
19993
20014
20021
20131
20152
Total50
Map
Contact Us

Not readable? Change text. captcha txt

Fatal error: Allowed memory size of 268435456 bytes exhausted (tried to allocate 28260675 bytes) in /var/www/html/legacarta/wp-includes/wp-db.php on line 1102