Protocol of 1996 to amend the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims, 1976 (LLMC PROT 1996)

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: London, United Kingdom
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 13/05/2004

Category

Environment and products

Sub category

Maritime and Law of the Sea

Groups

IMO

What is it about?

The 1996 LLMC Protocol increases the limit of liability for loss of life claims and personal injury claims for ships not exceeding 2,000 gross tonnage. The new limit is 2 million SDR (US$3.17 million)* and the limit for property claims for ships not exceeding 2,000 gross tonnage is 1 million SDR (US$1.586 million).* The limits under the 1976 Convention were set at 333,000 SDR (US$499,500)* for personal claims for ships not exceeding 500 tons and at 167,000 SDR (US$250,500)* for other claims. This result is a six-fold increase in the amount of compensation available The Protocol not only substantially increases the amount of compensation payable in the event of an incident, but also introduces a “tacit acceptance” procedure for updating these amounts. This procedure enables amendment of the limits at the request of at least half the contracting states. The amendments will be adopted by a two-thirds majority of the contracting states to the convention present and voting at the conference. *(Using exchange rate of 1 SDR=1.586 US$, as at 29 November 2007)

Why is it relevant?

The Protocol substantially increases the total amount of compensation payable in the case of qualifying incidents. The extra compensation made available more fully covers the losses than the 1976 Convention.

Additional Information

N/A

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania07/06/2004
Antigua and Barbuda12/10/2009
Australia08/10/2002
Belgium09/10/2009
Bulgaria04/07/2005
Canada09/05/2008
Congo19/05/2014
Croatia15/05/2006
Cyprus23/12/2005
Denmark12/04/2002
Estonia16/03/2011
Finland15/09/2000
France24/04/2007
Germany03/09/2001
Greece06/07/2009
Hungary04/07/2008
Iceland17/11/2008
India23/03/2011
Ireland25/01/2012
Jamaica19/08/2005
Japan03/05/2006
Kenya07/07/2015
Latvia18/04/2007
Liberia18/09/2008
Lithuania14/09/2007
Luxembourg21/11/2005
Malaysia12/11/2008
Malta13/02/2004
Marshall Islands30/01/2006
Mongolia28/09/2011
Netherlands23/12/2010
New Zealand04/04/2014
Norway17/10/2000
Palau29/09/2011
Poland17/11/2011
Romania12/03/2007
Russian Federation25/05/1999
Saint Lucia20/05/2004
Samoa18/05/2004
Serbia19/03/2013
Sierra Leone01/11/2001
Slovenia06/07/2015
Spain10/01/2005
Sweden22/07/2004
Syrian Arab Republic02/09/2005
Tonga18/09/2003
Turkey19/07/2010
Tuvalu12/01/2009
United Kingdom11/06/1999
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19992
20002
20012
20023
20031
20045
20056
20063
20074
20085
20094
20102
20115
20121
20131
20142
20152
Total50
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