Patent Cooperation Treaty (with regulations)

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Washington D.C., USA
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 24/01/1978

Category

Intellectual property

Sub category

Patents

Groups

OPENESS TO MTRSWIPO

What is it about?

The Patent Cooperation Treaty allows for patent protection for an invention simultaneously in a large number of member countries by filing an “international” patent application. Such an application may be filed by anyone who is a national or resident of a contracting State. It may generally be filed with the national patent office of the contracting State of which the applicant is a national or resident or, at the applicant’s option, with the International Bureau of WIPO in Geneva. The Treaty regulates in detail the formal requirements with which any international application must comply. Among all the contracting States, the applicant indicates those in which he wishes his international application to have effect (“designated States”). The effect of the international application in each designated State is the same as if a national patent application had been filed with the national patent office of that State. The international application is then subjected to an international search, carried out by one of the major patent offices and results in an “international search report”, a listing of the citations of published documents that might affect the patentability of the invention claimed in the international application. The international search report is communicated to the applicant who may decide to withdraw his application, in particular where the content of the report suggests that the granting of patents is unlikely, or to amend the claims in the application. If the international application is not withdrawn, it is, together with the international search report, published by the International Bureau and communicated to each designated Office. If the applicant decides to continue with the international application with a view to obtaining national (or regional) patents, he can wait until the end of the 20th month from the priority date (that is, until the end of the 20th month after the filing of the international application or, where that application claims the priority of an earlier application, until the end of the 20th month after the filing of that earlier application), to commence the national procedure before each designated Office by furnishing a translation (where necessary) of the application into the official language of that Office and paying the necessary fees.

Why is it relevant?

Member States to the Treaty of Washington permit individuals and companies to more easily patent their inventions in other Member States. Individuals and companies benefit as well from gains in time and money, the phase of international filing being assured by the national filing office. The Treaty of Washington allows developing economies to benefit from information concerning patents already filed in foreign countries without having to engage in long and costly research.

Additional Information

The Treaty of Washington created the International Patent Cooperation Union, which is composed of an Assembly, an Executive Committee and the International Bureau of WIPO. The present Treaty has been modified several times since its adoption, on 18 September1979, on 3 February 1984 and on 3 October 2001. The ratification of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Intellectual Property is a prerequisite for becoming a party to the Washington Treaty.

Download

Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania04/07/1995
Algeria08/12/1999
Angola27/09/2007
Antigua and Barbuda17/12/1999
Armenia25/12/1991
Australia31/12/1979
Austria23/01/1979
Azerbaijan25/09/1995
Bahrain18/12/2006
Barbados12/12/1984
Belarus25/12/1991
Belgium14/12/1981
Belize17/03/2000
Benin26/11/1986
Bosnia and Herzegovina07/06/1996
Botswana29/07/2003
Brazil09/01/1978
Brunei Darussalam24/04/2012
Bulgaria21/02/1984
Burkina Faso21/12/1988
Cameroon15/03/1973
Canada02/10/1989
Central African Republic15/09/1971
Chad12/02/1974
Chile02/03/2009
China01/10/1993
Colombia29/11/2000
Comoros03/01/2005
Congo08/08/1977
Costa Rica03/05/1999
Cote d'Ivoire31/01/1991
Croatia01/04/1998
Cuba16/04/1996
Cyprus01/01/1998
Czech Republic01/01/1993
Democratic People's Republic of Korea08/04/1980
Denmark01/09/1978
Dominica07/05/1999
Dominican Republic28/02/2007
Ecuador07/02/2001
Egypt06/06/2003
El Salvador17/05/2006
Equatorial Guinea17/04/2001
Estonia24/05/1994
Finland01/07/1980
France25/11/1977
Gabon06/03/1975
Gambia09/09/1997
Georgia25/12/1991
Germany19/07/1976
Ghana26/11/1996
Greece09/07/1990
Grenada22/06/1998
Guatemala14/07/2006
Guinea27/02/1991
Guinea-Bissau12/09/1997
Honduras20/03/2006
Hungary27/03/1980
Iceland23/12/1994
India07/09/1998
Indonesia05/06/1997
Iran04/07/2013
Ireland01/05/1992
Israel01/03/1996
Italy28/12/1984
Japan01/07/1978
Kazakhstan25/12/1991
Kenya08/03/1994
Kyrgyzstan25/12/1991
Lao People's Democratic Republic14/03/2006
Latvia07/06/1993
Lesotho21/07/1995
Liberia27/05/1994
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya15/06/2005
Liechtenstein19/12/1979
Lithuania05/04/1994
Luxembourg30/01/1978
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)10/05/1995
Madagascar27/03/1972
Malawi16/05/1972
Malaysia16/05/2006
Mali19/07/1984
Malta01/12/2006
Mauritania13/01/1983
Mexico01/10/1994
Moldova25/12/1991
Monaco22/03/1979
Mongolia27/02/1991
Montenegro03/06/2006
Morocco08/07/1999
Mozambique18/02/2000
Namibia01/10/2003
Netherlands10/04/1979
New Zealand01/09/1992
Nicaragua06/12/2002
Niger21/12/1992
Nigeria08/02/2005
Norway01/10/1979
Oman26/07/2001
Panama07/06/2012
Papua New Guinea14/03/2003
Peru06/03/2009
Philippines17/05/2001
Poland25/09/1990
Portugal24/08/1992
Qatar03/05/2011
Republic of Korea10/05/1984
Romania23/04/1979
Russian Federation29/12/1977
Rwanda31/05/2011
Saint Kitts and Nevis27/07/2005
Saint Lucia30/05/1996
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines06/05/2002
San Marino14/09/2004
Sao Tome and Principe03/04/2008
Saudi Arabia03/05/2013
Senegal08/03/1972
Serbia01/11/1996
Seychelles07/08/2002
Sierra Leone17/03/1997
Singapore23/11/1994
Slovakia01/01/1993
Slovenia01/12/1993
South Africa16/12/1998
Spain16/08/1989
Sri Lanka26/11/1981
Sudan16/01/1984
Swaziland20/06/1994
Sweden17/02/1978
Switzerland14/09/1977
Syrian Arab Republic26/03/2003
Tajikistan25/12/1991
Thailand24/09/2009
Togo28/01/1975
Trinidad and Tobago10/12/1993
Tunisia10/09/2001
Turkey01/10/1995
Turkmenistan25/12/1991
Uganda09/11/1994
Ukraine25/12/1991
United Arab Emirates10/12/1998
United Kingdom24/10/1977
United Republic of Tanzania14/06/1999
United States of America26/11/1975
Uzbekistan25/12/1991
Viet Nam10/12/1992
Zambia15/08/2001
Zimbabwe11/03/1997
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19711
19723
19731
19741
19753
19761
19775
19786
19797
19803
19812
19831
19846
19861
19881
19892
19902
199113
19925
19938
19949
19955
19966
19975
19986
19996
20003
20016
20023
20035
20041
20054
20068
20072
20081
20093
20112
20122
20132
Total151
Map
Contact Us

Not readable? Change text. captcha txt

Fatal error: Allowed memory size of 268435456 bytes exhausted (tried to allocate 28260675 bytes) in /var/www/html/legacarta/wp-includes/wp-db.php on line 1102