Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Tokyo, Japan
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 04/12/1969

Category

Transport and telecommunications

Sub category

Aircrafts and civil aviation

Groups

ICAO

What is it about?

This instrument deals with both criminal offences and acts that affect in-flight safety of persons or property or jeopardize the discipline on board civilian aircraft registered in a State Party. It calls State Parties to punish hijackings by severe penalties, and either extradite or prosecute the offenders. It also authorizes pilots to take measures to protect aircraft and requires State Parties to take custody of offenders.

Why is it relevant?

It constitutes an effort of the international community towards the prevention against aircraft diversions. In this sense, it addresses specific security concerns, harmonizing essential issues relating to acts and offences committed on board an aircraft in international flight.

Additional Information

This Convention does not include guidelines for punishment, which are presented by the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful seizure of Aircraft (The Hague, 16/12/1970). Moreover, it does not apply to domestic cases, excluding acts and offences committed in the airspace of the State where the aircraft is registered, unless the point of take-off or landing, actual or intended, is outside the territory of the State.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Afghanistan15/04/1977
Albania01/12/1997
Algeria12/10/1995
Andorra17/05/2006
Angola24/02/1998
Antigua and Barbuda19/07/1985
Argentina23/07/1971
Armenia23/01/2003
Australia22/06/1970
Austria07/02/1974
Azerbaijan05/02/2004
Bahamas12/06/1975
Bahrain09/02/1984
Bangladesh25/07/1978
Barbados04/04/1972
Belarus03/02/1988
Belgium06/08/1970
Belize19/05/1998
Benin30/03/2004
Bhutan25/01/1989
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)05/07/1979
Bosnia and Herzegovina07/03/1995
Botswana16/01/1979
Brazil14/01/1970
Brunei Darussalam23/05/1986
Bulgaria28/09/1989
Burkina Faso06/06/1969
Burundi14/07/1971
Cambodia22/10/1996
Cameroon24/03/1988
Canada07/11/1969
Cape Verde04/10/1989
Central African Republic11/06/1991
Chad30/06/1970
Chile24/01/1974
China14/11/1978
Colombia06/07/1973
Comoros23/05/1991
Congo13/11/1978
Costa Rica24/10/1972
Cote d'Ivoire03/06/1970
Croatia05/10/1993
Cuba12/02/2001
Cyprus31/05/1972
Czech Republic25/03/1993
Democratic People's Republic of Korea09/05/1983
Democratic Republic of the Congo20/07/1977
Denmark17/01/1967
Djibouti10/06/1992
Dominican Republic03/12/1970
Ecuador03/12/1969
Egypt12/02/1975
El Salvador13/02/1980
Equatorial Guinea27/02/1991
Estonia31/12/1993
Ethiopia27/03/1979
Fiji31/01/1972
Finland02/04/1971
France11/09/1970
Gabon14/01/1970
Gambia04/01/1979
Georgia16/06/1994
Germany16/12/1969
Ghana01/02/1974
Greece31/05/1971
Grenada28/08/1978
Guatemala17/11/1970
Guinea18/01/1994
Guinea-Bissau17/10/2008
Guyana20/12/1972
Haiti26/04/1984
Honduras08/04/1987
Hungary03/12/1970
Iceland16/03/1970
India22/07/1975
Indonesia07/09/1976
Iran28/06/1976
Iraq15/05/1974
Ireland14/11/1975
Israel19/09/1969
Italy18/10/1968
Jamaica16/09/1983
Japan26/05/1970
Jordan03/05/1973
Kazakhstan18/05/1995
Kenya22/06/1970
Kuwait27/11/1979
Kyrgyzstan28/02/2000
Lao People's Democratic Republic23/10/1972
Latvia10/06/1997
Lebanon11/06/1974
Lesotho28/04/1972
Liberia10/03/2003
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya21/06/1972
Liechtenstein26/02/2001
Lithuania21/11/1996
Luxembourg21/09/1972
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)30/08/1994
Madagascar02/12/1969
Malawi28/12/1972
Malaysia05/03/1985
Maldives28/09/1987
Mali31/05/1971
Malta28/06/1991
Marshall Islands15/05/1989
Mauritania30/06/1977
Mauritius05/04/1983
Mexico18/03/1969
Moldova20/06/1997
Monaco02/06/1983
Mongolia24/07/1990
Montenegro20/12/2007
Morocco21/10/1975
Mozambique06/01/2003
Myanmar23/05/1996
Namibia19/12/2005
Nauru17/05/1984
Nepal15/01/1979
Netherlands14/11/1969
New Zealand12/02/1974
Nicaragua24/08/1973
Niger27/06/1969
Nigeria07/04/1970
Norway17/01/1967
Oman09/02/1977
Pakistan11/09/1973
Palau12/10/1995
Panama16/11/1970
Papua New Guinea15/12/1975
Paraguay09/08/1971
Peru12/05/1978
Philippines26/11/1965
Poland19/03/1971
Portugal25/11/1964
Qatar06/08/1981
Republic of Korea19/02/1971
Romania15/02/1974
Russian Federation03/02/1988
Rwanda17/05/1971
Saint Lucia31/10/1983
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines18/11/1991
Samoa09/07/1998
San Marino16/12/2014
Sao Tome and Principe04/05/2006
Saudi Arabia21/11/1969
Senegal09/03/1972
Serbia06/09/2001
Seychelles04/01/1979
Sierra Leone09/11/1970
Singapore01/03/1971
Slovakia20/03/1995
Slovenia18/12/1992
Solomon Islands23/03/1982
South Africa26/05/1972
Spain01/10/1969
Sri Lanka30/05/1978
Sudan25/05/2000
Suriname10/09/1979
Swaziland15/11/1999
Sweden17/01/1967
Switzerland21/12/1970
Syrian Arab Republic31/07/1980
Tajikistan20/03/1996
Thailand06/03/1972
Togo26/07/1971
Tonga13/02/2002
Trinidad and Tobago09/02/1972
Tunisia25/02/1975
Turkey17/12/1975
Turkmenistan30/06/1999
Uganda25/06/1982
Ukraine29/02/1988
United Arab Emirates16/04/1981
United Kingdom29/11/1968
United Republic of Tanzania12/08/1983
United States of America05/09/1969
Uruguay26/01/1977
Uzbekistan31/07/1995
Vanuatu31/01/1989
Venezuela04/02/1983
Viet Nam10/10/1979
Yemen26/09/1986
Zambia14/09/1971
Zimbabwe08/03/1989
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19641
19651
19674
19682
196912
197017
197112
197214
19734
19747
19758
19762
19775
19788
19799
19802
19812
19822
19837
19843
19852
19862
19872
19884
19896
19901
19915
19922
19933
19943
19956
19964
19973
19983
19992
20002
20013
20021
20033
20042
20051
20062
20071
20081
20141
Total187
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