International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: London, United Kingdom
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 17/09/2008

Category

Transport and telecommunications

Sub category

Maritime shipping and load lines

Groups

IMO

What is it about?

This instrument prohibits the use of harmful chemical compounds named organotins in anti-fouling paints used on ships, whereas anti-fouling paints are used to coat the bottoms of ships to prevent sea life from attaching to them. The present Convention also establishes a mechanism to prevent the potential future use of other harmful substances in anti-fouling systems.

Why is it relevant?

This Convention aims for a ban on the application of organotin-based systems. Such systems, which act as biocides in anti-fouling paint on ships, slowly ‘leach’ into seawater, killing sea life, harming the environment, and possibly entering the food chain.

Additional Information

This Convention applies to all ships, fixed and floating platforms, floating storage units (FSUs), and Floating Production Storage and Offtake units (FPSOs).

  • Convention on the International Maritime Organization (Geneva, 06/03/1948).

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Antigua and Barbuda06/01/2003
Australia09/01/2007
Bahamas30/01/2008
Barbados30/01/2012
Belgium15/04/2009
Brazil20/02/2012
Bulgaria03/12/2004
Canada08/04/2010
China07/03/2011
Congo19/05/2014
Croatia15/12/2006
Cyprus23/12/2005
Denmark19/12/2002
Egypt26/09/2012
Estonia23/01/2009
Ethiopia14/07/2009
Fiji08/03/2016
Finland09/07/2010
France12/03/2007
Germany20/08/2008
Greece22/12/2005
Hungary30/01/2008
India24/04/2015
Indonesia11/09/2014
Iran06/04/2011
Ireland20/10/2011
Italy21/01/2013
Japan08/07/2003
Jordan24/03/2010
Kenya07/07/2015
Kiribati05/02/2007
Latvia09/12/2003
Lebanon02/12/2010
Liberia17/09/2008
Lithuania29/01/2007
Luxembourg21/11/2005
Malaysia27/09/2010
Malta27/03/2009
Marshall Islands09/05/2008
Mexico07/07/2006
Mongolia28/09/2011
Montenegro29/11/2011
Morocco14/04/2010
Netherlands16/04/2008
Nigeria05/03/2003
Norway05/12/2003
Palau28/09/2011
Panama17/09/2007
Poland09/08/2004
Republic of Korea21/07/2008
Romania16/02/2005
Russian Federation19/10/2012
Saint Kitts and Nevis30/08/2005
Serbia08/07/2010
Sierra Leone21/11/2007
Singapore31/12/2009
Slovenia18/05/2007
South Africa02/07/2008
Spain16/02/2004
Sweden10/12/2003
Switzerland24/09/2013
Syrian Arab Republic24/04/2009
Tonga16/04/2014
Trinidad and Tobago03/01/2012
Tunisia05/09/2011
Tuvalu02/12/2005
United Kingdom07/06/2010
United States of America21/08/2012
Uruguay26/03/2013
Vanuatu20/08/2008
Viet Nam27/11/2015
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
20022
20036
20043
20056
20062
20077
20089
20096
20108
20119
20126
20133
20143
20153
20161
Total74
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