Convention on Transit Trade of Land-Locked States

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: New York, USA
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 09/06/1967

Category

Customs

Sub category

Transit

Groups

UNS

What is it about?

This instrument sets to work the principles laid down by the Convention on the High Seas (Geneva, 29 April 1958), which are reaffirmed by the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (Montego Bay, 10 December 1982) concerning the land-locked States’ right of free access to the sea. It intends to promote transit of goods originating from land-locked States with destination to coastal States. The Contracting Parties shall not impose duties on goods for transit on their territory and they commit to provide the appropriate means to ensure transport between a land-locked State and the sea without unjustifiable delays. This Convention foresees also agreements between Contracting Parties concerning the storage of goods for transit and the installation of free trade zones at the port of entry and exit of the transit States.

Why is it relevant?

The 1965 Convention serves as a base for several bilateral Conventions promoting the international transport between land-locked States and coastal States, especially in Africa. The system of sea accessing rights for land-locked States is today governed by the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (145 Contracting Parties in 2003), whose provisions are more favorable for land-locked States than the 1965 Convention.

Additional Information

The Contracting Parties retain the right to refuse territorial transit of goods that are banned from import by internal law for morality, public health or safety reasons, or to prevent animal or plant diseases, or parasites.

  • UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (Montego Bay, 10 December 1982)
  • Customs Convention on the international transport of goods under Cover of TIR Carnet (Geneva, 14 November 1975)
  • Customs Convention on the international transit of goods (Convention ITI, Vienna 7 June 1971)
  • Convention on the High Seas (Geneva, 29 April 1958)
  • Convention on the Status and Freedom of Transit (Barcelona, 20 April 1921)

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Armenia24/05/2013
Australia02/05/1972
Belarus11/07/1972
Belgium21/04/1970
Burkina Faso23/03/1987
Burundi01/05/1968
Central African Republic09/08/1989
Chad02/03/1967
Chile25/10/1972
Congo11/06/2014
Croatia03/10/1992
Czech Republic30/09/1993
Denmark26/03/1969
Finland22/01/1971
Georgia02/06/1999
Hungary20/09/1967
Kazakhstan01/11/2007
Lao People's Democratic Republic29/12/1967
Lesotho28/05/1969
Malawi12/12/1966
Mali11/10/1967
Mongolia26/07/1966
Montenegro23/10/2006
Nepal22/08/1966
Netherlands30/11/1971
Niger03/06/1966
Nigeria16/05/1966
Norway17/09/1968
Russian Federation21/07/1972
Rwanda13/08/1968
San Marino22/06/1968
Senegal05/08/1985
Serbia12/03/2001
Slovakia28/05/1993
Spain05/05/2010
Swaziland26/05/1969
Sweden16/06/1971
Tajikistan13/07/2011
Turkey25/03/1969
Ukraine21/07/1972
United States of America29/10/1968
Uzbekistan07/02/1996
Zambia02/12/1966
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19666
19674
19685
19695
19701
19713
19725
19851
19871
19891
19921
19932
19961
19991
20011
20061
20071
20101
20111
20131
20141
Total44
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