Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Washington D.C., USA
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 01/07/1975

Category

Environment and products

Sub category

Flora and fauna

Groups

UNEP

What is it about?

This Convention regulates the trade in specimens of endangered species of wild flora and fauna, as well as their parts or derivatives. Appendix I to the Convention includes all species threatened with extinction that are or may be affected by trade. Trade in specimens enounced in Appendix I is subject to strict regulation and only authorized in exceptional circumstances. Appendix II includes all species, which, although not necessarily presently threatened with extinction, may become threatened unless trade is subject to strict regulation. State parties are required to take appropriate measures to enforce the provisions of the Convention, including penalizing trade in, or possession of, such specimens, as well as to provide for the confiscation and return to the State of export of such specimens. The Secretariat of the Convention may communicate information regarding the trade of Appendix I or II species to a Contracting Party; the Contracting party must then investigate and report. Two amendments have been adopted. The first amendment, dealing with financial provisions was completed in Bonn (22 June 1979, 126 parties as of 2003). The second amendment, adopted in Gabarone (30 April 1983, 70 Parties as of 2003) authorizes the membership of certain international economic organizations to the Convention.

Why is it relevant?

This Convention allows State parties to preserve their most fragile species of flora and fauna and protects them against trade exploitation. This prevents a degradation of their natural habitat and favours their ecology. The ratification of this instrument by a State can also assist in the development of the tourism sector.

Additional Information

A permanent Secretariat, established in Lausanne (Switzerland), is responsible to monitor the application of the Convention. State parties also have the possibility to include species protected by internal regulations for protection under the Convention.

  • Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (Montreal, 29 January 2000)
  • African Agreement on Co-operative Enforcement Operations Directed at Illegal Trade in Wild Fauna and Flora (Lusaka, 08 September 1994)
  • Convention on Biological Diversity (Rio de Janeiro, 5 June 1992)
  • Convention on the Protection of Natural Resources and the Environment in the Area of the South Pacific (Noumea, 24 November 1986)
  • Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources in Southeast Asia (Kuala Lumpur, 09 July 1985)
  • Convention on Conservation of Wild Life and Nature in Europe (Bern, 19 September 1979)
  • Convention on the Protection of Nature in the South Pacific (Apia, 12 June 1976)
  • African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (Alger, 15 September 1968)
  • Convention on Bird Protection (Paris, 18 October 1950)

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Afghanistan30/10/1985
Albania27/06/2003
Algeria23/11/1983
Angola02/10/2013
Antigua and Barbuda08/07/1997
Argentina08/01/1981
Armenia23/10/2008
Australia29/07/1976
Austria27/01/1982
Azerbaijan23/11/1998
Bahamas20/06/1979
Bahrain19/08/2012
Bangladesh20/11/1981
Barbados09/12/1992
Belarus10/08/1995
Belgium03/10/1983
Belize19/08/1986
Benin28/02/1984
Bhutan15/08/2002
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)06/07/1979
Bosnia and Herzegovina21/01/2009
Botswana14/11/1977
Brazil06/08/1975
Brunei Darussalam04/05/1990
Bulgaria16/01/1991
Burkina Faso13/10/1989
Burundi08/08/1988
Cambodia04/07/1997
Cameroon05/06/1981
Canada10/04/1975
Cape Verde10/08/2005
Central African Republic27/08/1980
Chad02/02/1989
Chile14/02/1975
China08/01/1981
Colombia31/08/1981
Comoros23/11/1994
Congo31/01/1983
Costa Rica30/06/1975
Cote d'Ivoire21/11/1994
Croatia14/03/2000
Cuba20/04/1990
Cyprus18/10/1974
Czech Republic14/04/1993
Democratic Republic of the Congo20/07/1976
Denmark26/07/1977
Djibouti07/02/1992
Dominica04/08/1995
Dominican Republic17/12/1986
Ecuador11/02/1975
Egypt04/01/1978
El Salvador30/04/1987
Equatorial Guinea10/03/1992
Eritrea24/10/1994
Estonia22/07/1992
Ethiopia05/04/1989
Fiji30/09/1997
Finland10/05/1976
France11/05/1978
Gabon13/02/1989
Gambia26/08/1977
Georgia13/09/1996
Germany22/03/1976
Ghana14/11/1975
Greece08/10/1992
Grenada30/08/1999
Guatemala07/11/1979
Guinea21/09/1981
Guinea-Bissau16/05/1990
Guyana27/05/1977
Honduras15/03/1985
Hungary29/05/1985
Iceland03/01/2000
India20/07/1976
Indonesia28/12/1978
Iran03/08/1976
Iraq05/02/2014
Ireland08/01/2002
Israel18/12/1979
Italy02/10/1979
Jamaica23/04/1997
Japan06/08/1980
Jordan14/12/1978
Kazakhstan20/01/2000
Kenya13/12/1978
Kuwait12/08/2002
Kyrgyzstan04/06/2007
Lao People's Democratic Republic01/03/2004
Latvia11/02/1997
Lebanon25/02/2013
Lesotho01/10/2003
Liberia11/03/1981
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya28/01/2003
Liechtenstein30/11/1979
Lithuania10/12/2001
Luxembourg13/12/1983
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)04/07/2000
Madagascar20/08/1975
Malawi05/02/1982
Malaysia20/10/1977
Maldives12/12/2012
Mali18/07/1994
Malta17/04/1989
Mauritania13/03/1998
Mauritius28/04/1975
Mexico02/07/1991
Moldova29/03/2001
Monaco19/04/1978
Mongolia05/01/1996
Montenegro26/03/2007
Morocco16/10/1975
Mozambique25/03/1981
Myanmar13/06/1997
Namibia18/12/1990
Nepal18/06/1975
Netherlands19/04/1984
New Zealand10/05/1989
Nicaragua06/08/1977
Niger08/09/1975
Nigeria09/05/1974
Norway27/07/1976
Oman18/03/2008
Pakistan20/04/1976
Palau16/04/2004
Panama17/08/1978
Papua New Guinea12/12/1975
Paraguay15/11/1976
Peru27/06/1975
Philippines18/08/1981
Poland12/12/1989
Portugal11/12/1980
Qatar08/05/2001
Republic of Korea09/07/1993
Romania18/08/1994
Russian Federation09/09/1976
Rwanda20/10/1980
Saint Kitts and Nevis14/02/1994
Saint Lucia15/12/1982
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines30/11/1998
Samoa09/11/2004
San Marino22/07/2005
Sao Tome and Principe09/08/2001
Saudi Arabia12/03/1996
Senegal05/08/1977
Serbia27/02/2002
Seychelles08/02/1977
Sierra Leone28/10/1994
Singapore30/11/1986
Slovakia02/03/1993
Slovenia24/01/2000
Solomon Islands26/03/2007
Somalia02/12/1985
South Africa15/07/1975
Spain30/05/1986
Sri Lanka04/05/1979
Sudan26/10/1982
Suriname17/11/1980
Swaziland26/02/1997
Sweden20/08/1974
Switzerland09/07/1974
Syrian Arab Republic30/04/2003
Tajikistan30/03/2016
Thailand21/01/1983
Togo23/10/1978
Trinidad and Tobago19/01/1984
Tunisia10/07/1974
Turkey23/09/1996
Uganda18/07/1991
Ukraine30/12/1999
United Arab Emirates08/02/1990
United Kingdom02/08/1976
United Republic of Tanzania29/11/1979
United States of America14/01/1974
Uruguay02/04/1975
Uzbekistan10/07/1997
Vanuatu17/07/1989
Venezuela24/10/1977
Viet Nam20/01/1994
Yemen05/05/1997
Zambia24/11/1980
Zimbabwe19/05/1981
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19746
197515
197611
197710
19788
19798
19806
198112
19824
19835
19843
19854
19864
19871
19881
19898
19905
19913
19925
19933
19948
19952
19964
19979
19983
19992
20005
20014
20024
20034
20043
20052
20073
20082
20091
20122
20132
20141
20161
Total184
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