United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Paris, France
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 26/12/1996

Category

Environment and products

Sub category

Flora and fauna

Groups

UNEP

What is it about?

The objective of this Convention is to combat desertification and to mitigate the effects of drought in affected countries. The Convention aims to improve the effectiveness of aid by coordinating the efforts of donors and by encouraging concerned countries to adopt national action plans to combat drought and desertification. Developed countries are required to provide substantial financial resources and to assist developing economies by transferring technology and know-how, while developing countries are held to make the combat against desertification a national priority by adopting effective long-term policies, fighting underlying causes of desertification and promoting awareness among its population. Action programs have to be set up to improve agricultural productivity, the regeneration of soil and to ensure sustainable management of natural resources. Public awareness is essential to all actions taken.

Why is it relevant?

Dealing with a problem affecting mainly developing countries, this instrument attempts to resolve a situation having a detrimental economical and political effect causing migration or poor agricultural output.

Additional Information

A Party Conference was created to monitor the implementation of the Convention. A Secretary to the Convention is headquartered in Bonn, Germany.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Afghanistan01/11/1995
Albania27/04/2000
Algeria22/05/1996
Andorra15/07/2002
Angola30/06/1997
Antigua and Barbuda06/06/1997
Argentina06/01/1997
Armenia02/07/1997
Australia15/05/2000
Austria02/06/1997
Azerbaijan10/08/1998
Bahamas10/11/2000
Bahrain14/07/1997
Bangladesh26/01/1996
Barbados14/05/1997
Belarus29/08/2001
Belgium30/06/1997
Belize23/07/1998
Benin29/08/1996
Bhutan20/08/2003
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)01/08/1996
Bosnia and Herzegovina26/08/2002
Botswana11/09/1996
Brazil25/06/1997
Brunei Darussalam04/12/2002
Bulgaria21/02/2001
Burkina Faso26/01/1996
Burundi06/01/1997
Cambodia18/08/1997
Cameroon29/05/1997
Canada01/12/1995
Cape Verde08/05/1995
Central African Republic05/09/1996
Chad27/09/1996
Chile11/11/1997
China18/02/1997
Colombia08/06/1999
Comoros03/03/1998
Congo12/07/1999
Costa Rica05/01/1998
Cote d'Ivoire04/03/1997
Croatia06/10/2000
Cuba13/12/1997
Cyprus29/03/2000
Czech Republic25/01/2000
Democratic People's Republic of Korea29/12/2003
Democratic Republic of the Congo12/09/1997
Denmark22/12/1995
Djibouti12/06/1997
Dominica08/12/1997
Dominican Republic26/06/1997
Ecuador06/09/1995
Egypt07/07/1995
El Salvador27/06/1997
Equatorial Guinea27/06/1997
Eritrea14/08/1996
Ethiopia27/06/1997
Fiji26/08/1998
Finland20/09/1995
France12/06/1997
Gabon06/09/1996
Gambia11/06/1996
Georgia23/07/1999
Germany10/07/1996
Ghana27/12/1996
Greece05/05/1997
Grenada28/05/1997
Guatemala10/09/1998
Guinea23/06/1997
Guinea-Bissau27/10/1995
Guyana26/06/1997
Haiti25/09/1996
Honduras25/06/1997
Hungary13/07/1999
Iceland03/06/1997
India17/12/1996
Indonesia31/08/1998
Iran29/04/1997
Iraq28/05/2010
Ireland31/07/1997
Israel26/03/1996
Italy23/06/1997
Jamaica12/11/1997
Japan11/09/1998
Jordan21/10/1996
Kazakhstan09/07/1997
Kenya24/06/1997
Kiribati08/09/1998
Kuwait27/06/1997
Kyrgyzstan19/09/1997
Lao People's Democratic Republic20/09/1996
Latvia21/10/2002
Lebanon16/05/1996
Lesotho12/09/1995
Liberia02/03/1998
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya22/07/1996
Liechtenstein29/12/1999
Lithuania25/07/2003
Luxembourg04/02/1997
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)06/03/2002
Madagascar25/06/1997
Malawi13/06/1996
Malaysia25/06/1997
Maldives03/09/2002
Mali31/10/1995
Malta30/01/1998
Marshall Islands02/06/1998
Mauritania07/08/1996
Mauritius23/01/1996
Mexico03/04/1995
Micronesia (Federated States of)25/03/1996
Moldova10/03/1999
Monaco05/03/1999
Mongolia03/09/1996
Montenegro04/06/2007
Morocco07/11/1998
Mozambique13/12/1997
Myanmar02/01/1997
Namibia16/05/1997
Nauru22/09/1998
Nepal15/10/1996
Netherlands27/06/1995
New Zealand07/09/2000
Nicaragua17/02/1998
Niger19/01/1996
Nigeria08/07/1997
Norway30/08/1996
Oman23/07/1996
Pakistan24/02/1997
Palau15/06/1999
Panama04/04/1996
Papua New Guinea06/12/2000
Paraguay15/01/1997
Peru09/11/1995
Philippines10/02/2000
Poland14/11/2001
Portugal01/04/1996
Qatar15/03/1999
Republic of Korea17/08/1999
Romania19/08/1998
Russian Federation29/05/2003
Rwanda22/10/1998
Saint Kitts and Nevis30/06/1997
Saint Lucia02/07/1997
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines16/03/1998
Samoa21/08/1998
San Marino23/07/1999
Sao Tome and Principe08/07/1998
Saudi Arabia25/06/1997
Senegal26/07/1995
Serbia18/12/2007
Seychelles26/07/1997
Sierra Leone25/09/1997
Singapore26/04/1999
Slovakia07/01/2002
Slovenia28/06/2001
Solomon Islands16/04/1999
Somalia24/07/2002
South Africa30/09/1997
South Sudan17/02/2014
Spain30/01/1996
Sri Lanka09/12/1998
Sudan24/11/1995
Suriname01/06/2000
Swaziland07/10/1996
Sweden12/12/1995
Switzerland19/01/1996
Syrian Arab Republic10/06/1997
Tajikistan16/07/1997
Thailand07/03/2001
Timor-Leste20/08/2003
Togo04/10/1995
Tonga25/09/1998
Trinidad and Tobago08/06/2000
Tunisia11/10/1995
Turkey31/03/1998
Turkmenistan18/09/1996
Tuvalu14/09/1998
Uganda25/06/1997
Ukraine27/08/2002
United Arab Emirates21/10/1998
United Kingdom18/10/1996
United Republic of Tanzania19/06/1997
United States of America17/11/2000
Uruguay17/02/1999
Uzbekistan31/10/1995
Vanuatu10/08/1999
Venezuela29/06/1998
Viet Nam25/08/1998
Yemen14/01/1997
Zambia19/09/1996
Zimbabwe23/09/1997
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
199520
199637
199761
199827
199915
200012
20015
20029
20035
20072
20101
20141
Total195
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