Convention on International Civil Aviation

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Chicago, USA
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 04/04/1947

Category

Transport and telecommunications

Sub category

Aircrafts and civil aviation

Groups

ICAOOPENESS TO MTRS

What is it about?

Also known as the Chicago Convention, this instrument establishes and sets forth the purpose of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations, as a means to secure international co-operation at a highest possible degree of uniformity in regulations and standards, procedures and organisation regarding civil aviation matters.

Why is it relevant?

This Convention represents the some 190 Contracting Parties on the harmonization of essential technical matters related to civil aviation. It covers issues such as: applicable rules and regulations concerning training and licensing of aeronautical personnel both in the air and on the ground, communication systems and procedures, rules for the air and air traffic control systems and practices, airworthiness requirements for aircraft engaged in international air navigation as well as their registration and identification, aeronautical meteorology and maps and charts.

Additional Information

This convention was followed by a series of Protocols: - Protocol on the Authentic Quinquelingual Text of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Montreal, 29/09/1995) - Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (final clause) (Montreal, 29/09/1995) - Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 50 a) (Montreal, 26/10/1990) - Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 56) (Montreal, 06/10/1989) - Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 3bis) (Montreal, 10/05/1984) - Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 83bis) (Montreal, 06/10/1980) - Protocol on the Authentic Quadrilingual Text of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Montreal, 30/09/1977) - Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (final clause) (Montreal, 30/09/1977)- Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 50 a)) (Montreal, 16/10/1974) - Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 56) (Vienna, 07/07/1971) - Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 50 a) (New York, 12/03/1971) - Protocol on the authentic trilingual text of the Convention on international civil aviation (Buenos Aires, 24/09/1968) - Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 48 a)) (Rome, 15/09/1962) - Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 50 a)) (Montreal, 21/06/1961) - Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 45) (Montreal, 14/06/1954) - Protocol Relating to Certain Amendments to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 48 a), 49 e) and 61) (Montreal, 14/06/1954) - Protocol Relating to an Amendment to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (article 93bis) (Montreal, 27/05/1947) Moreover, ICAO adopted the concept of Regions and Regional Offices on the understanding that any regional activities could only be undertaken provided they did not conflict with the worldwide activities of the Organization. However, it was also recognised that such activities could vary from Region to Region taking into account the general economic, technical or social environment of the Region concerned. These offices are respectively located in Bangkok, Cairo, Dakar, Lima, Mexico, Nairobi, and Paris.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Afghanistan04/04/1947
Albania28/03/1991
Algeria07/05/1963
Andorra26/01/2001
Angola11/03/1977
Antigua and Barbuda10/11/1981
Argentina04/06/1946
Armenia18/06/1992
Australia01/03/1947
Austria27/08/1948
Azerbaijan09/10/1992
Bahamas27/05/1975
Bahrain20/08/1971
Bangladesh22/12/1972
Barbados21/03/1967
Belarus04/06/1993
Belgium05/05/1947
Belize07/12/1990
Benin29/05/1961
Bhutan17/05/1989
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)04/04/1947
Bosnia and Herzegovina13/01/1993
Botswana28/12/1978
Brazil08/07/1946
Brunei Darussalam04/12/1984
Bulgaria08/06/1967
Burkina Faso21/03/1962
Burundi19/01/1968
Cambodia16/01/1956
Cameroon15/01/1960
Canada13/02/1946
Cape Verde19/08/1976
Central African Republic28/06/1961
Chad03/07/1962
Chile11/03/1947
China20/02/1946
Colombia31/10/1947
Comoros15/01/1985
Congo26/04/1962
Costa Rica01/05/1958
Cote d'Ivoire31/10/1960
Croatia09/04/1992
Cuba11/05/1949
Cyprus17/01/1961
Czech Republic04/03/1993
Democratic People's Republic of Korea16/08/1977
Democratic Republic of the Congo27/07/1961
Denmark28/02/1947
Djibouti30/06/1978
Dominican Republic25/01/1946
Ecuador20/08/1954
Egypt13/03/1947
El Salvador11/06/1947
Equatorial Guinea22/02/1972
Eritrea17/09/1993
Estonia24/01/1992
Ethiopia01/03/1947
Fiji05/03/1973
Finland30/03/1949
France25/03/1947
Gabon18/01/1962
Gambia13/05/1977
Georgia21/01/1994
Germany09/05/1956
Ghana09/05/1957
Greece13/03/1947
Grenada31/08/1981
Guatemala28/04/1947
Guinea27/03/1959
Guinea-Bissau15/12/1977
Guyana03/02/1967
Haiti25/03/1948
Honduras07/05/1953
Hungary30/09/1969
Iceland21/03/1947
India01/03/1947
Indonesia27/04/1950
Iran19/04/1950
Iraq02/06/1947
Ireland31/10/1946
Israel24/05/1949
Italy31/10/1947
Jamaica26/03/1963
Japan08/09/1953
Jordan18/03/1947
Kazakhstan21/08/1992
Kenya01/05/1964
Kiribati14/04/1981
Kuwait18/05/1960
Kyrgyzstan25/02/1993
Lao People's Democratic Republic13/06/1955
Latvia13/07/1992
Lebanon19/09/1949
Lesotho19/05/1975
Liberia11/02/1947
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya29/01/1953
Lithuania08/01/1992
Luxembourg28/04/1948
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)10/12/1992
Madagascar14/04/1962
Malawi11/09/1964
Malaysia07/04/1958
Maldives12/03/1974
Mali08/11/1960
Malta05/01/1965
Marshall Islands18/03/1988
Mauritania13/01/1962
Mauritius30/01/1970
Mexico25/06/1946
Micronesia (Federated States of)27/09/1988
Moldova01/06/1992
Monaco04/01/1980
Mongolia07/09/1989
Montenegro12/02/2007
Morocco13/11/1956
Mozambique05/01/1977
Myanmar08/07/1948
Namibia30/04/1991
Nauru25/08/1975
Nepal29/06/1960
Netherlands26/03/1947
New Zealand07/03/1947
Nicaragua28/12/1945
Niger29/05/1961
Nigeria14/11/1960
Norway05/05/1947
Oman24/01/1973
Pakistan06/11/1947
Palau04/10/1995
Panama18/01/1960
Papua New Guinea15/12/1975
Paraguay21/01/1946
Peru08/04/1946
Philippines01/03/1947
Poland06/04/1945
Portugal27/02/1947
Qatar05/09/1971
Republic of Korea11/11/1952
Romania30/04/1965
Russian Federation15/10/1970
Rwanda03/02/1964
Saint Kitts and Nevis21/05/2002
Saint Lucia20/11/1979
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines15/11/1983
Samoa21/11/1996
San Marino13/05/1988
Sao Tome and Principe28/02/1977
Saudi Arabia19/02/1962
Senegal11/11/1960
Serbia14/12/2000
Seychelles25/04/1977
Sierra Leone22/11/1961
Singapore20/05/1966
Slovakia15/03/1993
Slovenia13/05/1992
Solomon Islands11/04/1985
Somalia02/03/1964
South Africa01/03/1947
Spain05/03/1947
Sri Lanka01/06/1948
Sudan29/06/1956
Suriname05/03/1976
Swaziland14/02/1973
Sweden07/11/1946
Switzerland06/02/1947
Syrian Arab Republic21/12/1949
Tajikistan03/09/1993
Thailand04/04/1947
Timor-Leste04/08/2005
Togo18/05/1965
Tonga02/11/1984
Trinidad and Tobago14/03/1963
Tunisia18/11/1957
Turkey20/12/1945
Turkmenistan15/03/1993
Uganda10/04/1967
Ukraine10/08/1992
United Arab Emirates25/04/1972
United Kingdom01/03/1947
United Republic of Tanzania23/04/1962
United States of America09/08/1946
Uruguay14/01/1954
Uzbekistan13/10/1992
Vanuatu17/08/1983
Venezuela01/04/1947
Viet Nam13/03/1980
Yemen17/04/1964
Zambia30/10/1964
Zimbabwe11/02/1981
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19453
194613
194732
19485
19495
19502
19521
19533
19542
19551
19564
19572
19582
19591
19608
19616
19628
19633
19646
19653
19661
19674
19681
19691
19702
19712
19723
19733
19741
19754
19762
19777
19782
19791
19802
19814
19832
19842
19852
19883
19892
19901
19912
199212
19938
19941
19951
19961
20001
20011
20021
20051
20071
Total192
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