Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Paris, France
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 06/07/1884

Category

Intellectual property

Sub category

Patents

Groups

OPENESS TO MTRSWIPO

What is it about?

The Paris Convention is the oldest multilateral treaty for the protection of industrial property. It applies to industrial property rights, including patents, trademarks, industrial designs, utility models, trade names, indications of source, appellations of origin and the repression of unfair competition. The substantive provisions of the Convention fall into three main categories: national treatment, right of priority and common rules. The Convention mandates that each contracting State must grant the same advantages to nationals of other contracting States as it grants to its own nationals in matters related to industrial property. The right of priority in the case of patents means that, on the basis of a regular first application filed in one of the contracting States, the applicant may, within a certain period of time apply for protection in any of the other contracting States; these later applications will then be regarded as if they had been filed on the same day as the first application. In other words, these later applications will have priority over applications that may have been filed during the said period of time by other persons for the same invention, utility model, mark or industrial design.

Why is it relevant?

By becoming a party to this instrument, a State facilitates its nationals in obtaining protection for their inventions in other contracting States. This encourages the transfer of technology to contracting States and creates an economic climate that attracts foreign investments.

Additional Information

The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property was revised on 6 November 1925 at The Hague, on 2 June 1934 in London, on 31 October 1958 in Lisbon and on 14 July 1967 in Stockholm. It was further modified on 28 September 1979. The Assembly, the Executive Committee, and the International Bureau of WIPO carry out the administrative tasks of the Convention. In 2003 the number of patents worldwide was estimated at some 3.7 million. The Paris Convention also created the International Union for Industrial Property.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania04/07/1995
Algeria16/09/1965
Andorra02/03/2004
Angola27/09/2007
Antigua and Barbuda17/12/1999
Argentina27/12/1966
Armenia25/12/1991
Australia10/10/1925
Austria01/01/1909
Azerbaijan25/09/1995
Bahamas10/07/1973
Bahrain29/07/1997
Bangladesh29/11/1990
Barbados12/12/1984
Belarus25/12/1991
Belgium07/07/1884
Belize17/03/2000
Benin22/09/1966
Bhutan04/05/2000
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)04/08/1993
Bosnia and Herzegovina01/03/1992
Botswana15/01/1998
Brazil07/07/1884
Brunei Darussalam17/11/2011
Bulgaria13/06/1921
Burkina Faso19/09/1963
Burundi31/05/1977
Cambodia22/06/1998
Cameroon10/02/1964
Canada12/06/1925
Central African Republic05/10/1963
Chad11/09/1963
Chile14/03/1991
China19/12/1984
Colombia03/06/1996
Comoros03/01/2005
Congo26/06/1963
Costa Rica28/07/1995
Cote d'Ivoire09/08/1963
Croatia08/10/1991
Cuba17/11/1904
Cyprus17/12/1965
Czech Republic01/01/1993
Democratic People's Republic of Korea07/03/1980
Democratic Republic of the Congo28/10/1974
Denmark01/10/1894
Djibouti13/02/2002
Dominica07/05/1999
Dominican Republic11/07/1890
Ecuador22/03/1999
Egypt05/03/1951
El Salvador18/11/1993
Equatorial Guinea26/03/1997
Estonia24/05/1994
Finland20/09/1921
France07/07/1884
Gabon16/11/1963
Gambia21/10/1991
Georgia25/12/1991
Germany01/05/1903
Ghana28/06/1976
Greece02/10/1924
Grenada22/06/1998
Guatemala18/05/1998
Guinea30/10/1981
Guinea-Bissau28/03/1988
Guyana25/07/1994
Haiti19/02/1958
Holy See21/07/1960
Honduras03/11/1993
Hungary01/01/1909
Iceland31/01/1962
India07/09/1998
Indonesia24/12/1950
Iran01/09/1959
Iraq21/10/1975
Ireland04/12/1925
Israel14/12/1949
Italy07/07/1884
Jamaica24/09/1999
Japan15/07/1899
Jordan12/04/1972
Kazakhstan25/12/1991
Kenya14/05/1965
Kuwait02/09/2014
Kyrgyzstan25/12/1991
Lao People's Democratic Republic08/07/1998
Latvia07/06/1993
Lebanon01/09/1924
Lesotho27/06/1989
Liberia27/05/1994
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya28/06/1976
Liechtenstein14/07/1933
Lithuania21/02/1994
Luxembourg30/06/1922
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)08/09/1991
Madagascar07/10/1963
Malawi24/05/1965
Malaysia23/06/1988
Mali14/10/1982
Malta29/08/1967
Mauritania26/10/1964
Mauritius21/06/1976
Mexico07/09/1903
Moldova25/12/1991
Monaco09/02/1956
Mongolia16/01/1985
Montenegro03/06/2006
Morocco30/07/1917
Mozambique09/04/1998
Namibia29/12/2003
Nepal22/03/2001
Netherlands07/07/1884
New Zealand29/07/1931
Nicaragua03/04/1996
Niger10/09/1963
Nigeria17/07/1963
Norway01/07/1885
Oman14/04/1999
Pakistan22/04/2004
Panama19/07/1996
Papua New Guinea15/03/1999
Paraguay25/02/1994
Peru11/01/1995
Philippines12/08/1965
Poland10/11/1919
Portugal07/07/1884
Qatar05/04/2000
Republic of Korea01/02/1980
Romania06/10/1920
Russian Federation16/03/1965
Rwanda03/11/1983
Saint Kitts and Nevis03/01/1995
Saint Lucia09/03/1995
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines29/05/1995
Samoa21/06/2013
San Marino16/12/1959
Sao Tome and Principe12/02/1998
Saudi Arabia11/12/2003
Senegal16/10/1963
Serbia27/04/1992
Seychelles07/08/2002
Sierra Leone17/03/1997
Singapore23/11/1994
Slovakia01/01/1993
Slovenia25/06/1991
South Africa20/10/1947
Spain07/07/1884
Sri Lanka09/10/1952
Sudan16/01/1984
Suriname25/11/1975
Swaziland12/02/1991
Sweden01/07/1885
Switzerland07/07/1884
Syrian Arab Republic01/09/1924
Tajikistan25/12/1991
Thailand02/05/2008
Togo11/07/1967
Tonga14/03/2001
Trinidad and Tobago14/05/1964
Tunisia07/07/1884
Turkey10/10/1925
Turkmenistan25/12/1991
Uganda14/05/1965
Ukraine25/12/1991
United Arab Emirates19/06/1996
United Kingdom07/07/1884
United Republic of Tanzania02/04/1963
United States of America30/05/1887
Uruguay25/01/1967
Uzbekistan25/12/1991
Venezuela12/06/1995
Viet Nam08/03/1949
Yemen15/11/2006
Zambia31/12/1964
Zimbabwe18/04/1980
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
188410
18852
18871
18901
18942
18991
19032
19041
19092
19171
19191
19201
19212
19221
19243
19254
19311
19331
19471
19492
19501
19511
19521
19561
19581
19592
19601
19621
196311
19644
19657
19662
19673
19721
19731
19741
19752
19763
19771
19803
19811
19821
19831
19845
19851
19882
19891
19901
199116
19922
19936
19946
19958
19964
19973
19988
19996
20003
20012
20022
20032
20042
20051
20062
20071
20081
20111
20131
20141
Total179
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