Convention of 25 October 1980 on International Access to Justice

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: The Hague, The Netherlands
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 01/05/1988

Category

Dispute resolution

Sub category

Judicial cooperation

Groups

HCCH

What is it about?

The Convention of 25 October 1980 on International Access to Justice is intended to facilitate access to justice for any national or resident of a State Party to the Convention, in any other State Party in which judicial proceedings are to be or have been commenced. It aims at ensuring that the mere status of alien or the absence of residence or domicile in the State where judicial proceedings are to be or have been commenced are not grounds for discrimination in access to that State’s justice.

Why is it relevant?

The Access to Justice Convention grants to nationals of a Contracting State and to persons having their usual residence in a Contracting State the right of non-discrimination with respect to legal aid in civil and commercial proceedings including the provision of legal advice, security for costs, copies of decisions, physical detention and safe-conduct. The present Convention, along with the Convention of 15 November 1965 on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial matters and the Convention of 18 March 1970 on the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil or Commercial Matters, covers all the main international aspects relating to cooperation in civil and commercial proceedings, as covered by the Convention of 1 March 1954 on Civil Procedure that they were intended to replace.

Additional Information

The Access to Justice Convention allows Contracting States to reserve the right to exclude the application of certain provisions of the Convention, subject to the conditions listed in Article 28.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania15/10/2007
Belarus18/12/1997
Bosnia and Herzegovina12/07/1988
Brazil15/11/2011
Bulgaria23/11/1999
Costa Rica16/03/2016
Croatia12/07/1988
Cyprus27/07/2000
Czech Republic03/09/2001
Estonia02/02/1996
Finland13/06/1988
France22/12/1982
Kazakhstan29/01/2015
Latvia20/12/1999
Lithuania04/08/2000
Luxembourg06/02/2003
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)12/07/1988
Malta24/02/2011
Montenegro12/07/1988
Netherlands02/03/1992
Poland10/08/1992
Romania21/08/2003
Serbia12/07/1988
Slovakia11/03/2003
Slovenia12/07/1988
Spain08/02/1988
Sweden15/01/1987
Switzerland28/10/1994
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19821
19871
19888
19922
19941
19961
19971
19992
20002
20011
20033
20071
20112
20151
20161
Total28
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