Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Berne, Switzerland
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 05/12/1887

Category

Intellectual property

Sub category

Copyright

Groups

OPENESS TO MTRSWIPO

What is it about?

This instrument protects both economic and moral rights of authors of literary and artistic works. It establishes a Special Union under the framework of the Union for the Protection of Industrial Property (Paris, 20 March 1883). The provisions of the Bern Convention concern all literary, scientific and artistic productions, such as books, lectures and addresses, theatrical works, choreographies, cinematographic works, musical productions, drawings, paintings, sculptures and photography. The rights covered concern the translation, reproduction, public recitation, broadcast and adaptation of literary and artistic works. The Bern Convention is based on three principles: 1) Authors enjoy with respect to their literary and artistic works in countries of the Union other than their country of origin, the rights that their respective laws grant to their nationals, as well as the rights specially granted by the Convention. 2) The enjoyment and the exercise of these rights is not subject to any formality; such enjoyment and such exercise shall be independent of the existence of protection in the country of origin of the work. 3) The protection offered implies that all counterfeit works can be seized within the territory of State parties. A State party may adopt reservations and conditions on the exclusive right granted to the author, including the reproduction of works when public information demands so require. A system of compulsory licences concerning the public broadcast of works and the recording of musical works is also provided.

Why is it relevant?

The Bern Convention is the oldest instrument protecting authors’ rights by establishing a system recognizing that authors have an exclusive right to the usage of their literary and artistic works. The lack of enforcement provisions in the Bern Convention led to the adoption of other international instruments protecting authors’ rights, for example the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) adopted under the WTO. The TRIPS Agreement refers to the Berne Convention in the Copyright section.

Additional Information

The Bern Convention of 1886 has been supplemented and revised several times to address technological advances (May 4, 1886 in Paris, November 13, 1908 in Berlin,March 20, 1914 in Bern, June 2 1938 in Rome, June 26, 1948 in Brussels, July 14, 1967 in Stockholm, and July 24, 1971 and September 28, 1979 in Paris). The Special Union created by this Convention is composed of an Assembly, of an Executive Committee and the International Bureau of WIPO.

  • WIPO Copyright Treaty (Geneva, 20 December 1996)
  • Universal Copyright Convention (Paris, 24 July 1971) 1. Annex 1 of the Universal Copyright Convention as revised at Paris on 24 July 1971 concerning the application of that Convention to works of Stateless persons and refugees (Paris, 24 July 1971) 2. Annex 2 of the Universal Copyright convention as revised at Paris on 24 July 1971 concerning the application of that Convention to the works of certain international organizations (Paris, 24 July 1971)

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania02/12/1993
Algeria19/01/1998
Andorra02/03/2004
Antigua and Barbuda17/12/1999
Argentina05/05/1967
Armenia19/07/2000
Australia14/04/1928
Austria01/10/1920
Azerbaijan04/03/1999
Bahamas10/07/1973
Bahrain29/11/1996
Bangladesh04/02/1999
Barbados16/03/1983
Belarus12/09/1997
Belgium05/12/1887
Belize17/05/2000
Benin03/01/1961
Bhutan25/08/2004
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)04/08/1993
Bosnia and Herzegovina01/03/1992
Botswana15/01/1998
Brazil09/02/1922
Brunei Darussalam30/05/2006
Bulgaria05/12/1921
Burkina Faso26/04/1963
Burundi12/01/2016
Cameroon21/09/1964
Canada10/04/1928
Cape Verde07/04/1997
Central African Republic31/05/1977
Chad04/08/1971
Chile09/04/1970
China10/07/1992
Colombia04/12/1987
Comoros17/01/2005
Congo08/05/1962
Costa Rica03/03/1978
Cote d'Ivoire08/07/1961
Croatia08/10/1991
Cuba20/11/1996
Cyprus24/02/1964
Czech Republic01/01/1993
Democratic People's Republic of Korea28/01/2003
Democratic Republic of the Congo08/10/1963
Denmark01/07/1903
Djibouti13/02/2002
Dominica07/05/1999
Dominican Republic24/09/1997
Ecuador08/07/1991
Egypt02/03/1977
El Salvador18/11/1993
Equatorial Guinea26/03/1997
Estonia26/07/1994
Fiji01/12/1971
Finland23/03/1928
France05/12/1887
Gabon19/12/1961
Gambia07/12/1992
Georgia16/02/1995
Germany05/12/1887
Ghana11/07/1991
Greece09/11/1920
Grenada22/06/1998
Guatemala28/04/1997
Guinea13/08/1980
Guinea-Bissau18/04/1991
Guyana25/07/1994
Haiti11/10/1995
Holy See19/07/1935
Honduras24/10/1989
Hungary14/02/1922
Iceland07/06/1947
India01/04/1928
Indonesia05/06/1997
Ireland05/10/1927
Israel24/03/1950
Italy05/12/1887
Jamaica28/09/1993
Japan15/07/1899
Jordan28/04/1999
Kazakhstan12/01/1999
Kenya11/03/1993
Kuwait02/09/2014
Kyrgyzstan08/04/1999
Lao People's Democratic Republic14/12/2011
Latvia11/05/1995
Lebanon19/02/1946
Lesotho27/06/1989
Liberia08/12/1988
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya28/06/1976
Liechtenstein20/07/1931
Lithuania14/09/1994
Luxembourg20/06/1888
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)08/09/1991
Madagascar01/01/1966
Malawi12/07/1991
Malaysia28/06/1990
Mali19/03/1962
Malta21/09/1964
Mauritania10/10/1972
Mauritius09/02/1989
Mexico09/05/1967
Micronesia (Federated States of)07/07/2003
Moldova01/08/1995
Monaco30/05/1889
Mongolia12/12/1987
Montenegro03/06/2006
Morocco16/06/1917
Mozambique22/08/2013
Namibia21/03/1990
Nepal11/10/2005
Netherlands01/11/1912
New Zealand24/04/1928
Nicaragua23/05/2000
Niger02/05/1962
Nigeria14/06/1993
Norway13/04/1896
Oman14/04/1999
Pakistan05/07/1948
Panama08/03/1996
Paraguay09/09/1991
Peru20/05/1988
Philippines01/08/1951
Poland28/01/1920
Portugal29/03/1911
Qatar05/04/2000
Republic of Korea21/05/1996
Romania01/01/1927
Russian Federation09/12/1994
Rwanda03/11/1983
Saint Kitts and Nevis03/01/1995
Saint Lucia21/05/1993
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines29/05/1995
Samoa21/04/2006
Sao Tome and Principe14/03/2016
Saudi Arabia11/12/2003
Senegal30/06/1962
Serbia17/06/1930
Singapore21/09/1998
Slovakia01/01/1993
Slovenia25/06/1991
South Africa03/10/1928
Spain05/12/1887
Sri Lanka20/07/1959
Sudan28/09/2000
Suriname16/11/1976
Swaziland14/09/1998
Sweden01/08/1904
Switzerland05/12/1887
Syrian Arab Republic11/03/2004
Tajikistan09/12/1999
Thailand17/06/1931
Togo28/01/1975
Tonga14/03/2001
Trinidad and Tobago16/05/1988
Tunisia05/12/1887
Turkey01/01/1952
Turkmenistan29/02/2016
Ukraine25/07/1995
United Arab Emirates14/04/2004
United Kingdom05/12/1887
United Republic of Tanzania25/04/1994
United States of America16/11/1988
Uruguay07/06/1967
Uzbekistan19/01/2005
Vanuatu27/09/2012
Venezuela20/09/1982
Viet Nam26/07/2004
Yemen14/04/2008
Zambia13/09/1991
Zimbabwe18/04/1980
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
18878
18881
18891
18961
18991
19032
19041
19111
19121
19171
19203
19211
19222
19272
19286
19301
19312
19351
19461
19471
19481
19501
19511
19521
19591
19613
19624
19632
19643
19661
19673
19701
19712
19721
19731
19751
19762
19772
19781
19802
19821
19832
19872
19884
19893
19902
19919
19925
19939
19945
19957
19964
19976
19985
19999
20005
20011
20021
20033
20045
20053
20063
20081
20111
20121
20131
20141
20163
Total174
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