Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: The Hague, The Netherlands
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 14/10/1971

Category

Transport and telecommunications

Sub category

Aircrafts and civil aviation

Groups

ICAO

What is it about?

This Convention comes to address the issue of punishment of offenders on board aircraft. It defines the term ‘offenders’, in which accomplices are also included. It also states in which cases the State Parties may establish criminal jurisdiction and, in the case of joint air transport operating agencies or international operating agencies, which shall exercise jurisdiction for each aircraft. Moreover, it deals with the compliance and enforcement issues, stating that the State Parties are required to either extradite the offender or submit the case for prosecution. It also requires mutual assistance amongst the State Parties on criminal proceedings in order to make the offence punishable by severe penalties.

Why is it relevant?

This Instrument represents the effort of the international community to deter unlawful acts of seizure or exercise of control of aircraft in flight, ensuring the prosecution and punishment of offenders. Consequently, it corroborates to the security of international air flights.

Additional Information

The exercise of national law, mainly regarding criminal jurisdiction, is not excluded by this Convention. In addition, it does not apply to domestic cases, excluding acts and offences committed in the airspace of the State where the aircraft is registered, unless the point of take-off or landing, actual or intended, is outside the territory of the State.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Afghanistan29/08/1979
Albania21/10/1997
Algeria06/10/1995
Andorra23/09/2004
Angola12/03/1998
Antigua and Barbuda22/07/1985
Argentina11/09/1972
Armenia10/09/2002
Australia09/11/1972
Austria11/02/1974
Azerbaijan03/03/2000
Bahamas13/08/1976
Bahrain20/02/1984
Bangladesh28/06/1978
Barbados02/04/1973
Belarus30/12/1971
Belgium24/08/1973
Belize10/06/1998
Benin13/03/1972
Bhutan28/12/1988
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)18/07/1979
Bosnia and Herzegovina15/08/1994
Botswana28/12/1978
Brazil14/01/1972
Brunei Darussalam16/04/1986
Bulgaria19/05/1971
Burkina Faso19/10/1987
Cambodia08/11/1996
Cameroon14/04/1988
Canada20/06/1972
Cape Verde20/10/1977
Central African Republic01/07/1991
Chad12/07/1972
Chile02/02/1972
China10/09/1980
Colombia03/07/1973
Comoros01/08/1991
Congo24/11/1989
Costa Rica09/07/1971
Cote d'Ivoire09/01/1973
Croatia08/06/1993
Cuba27/11/2001
Cyprus05/07/1972
Czech Republic14/11/1994
Democratic People's Republic of Korea28/04/1983
Democratic Republic of the Congo06/07/1977
Denmark17/10/1972
Djibouti24/11/1992
Dominica26/07/2005
Dominican Republic22/06/1978
Ecuador14/06/1971
Egypt28/02/1975
El Salvador16/01/1973
Equatorial Guinea02/01/1991
Estonia22/12/1993
Ethiopia26/03/1979
Fiji27/07/1972
Finland15/12/1971
France18/09/1972
Gabon14/07/1971
Gambia28/11/1978
Georgia20/04/1994
Germany11/10/1974
Ghana12/12/1973
Greece20/09/1973
Grenada10/08/1978
Guatemala16/05/1979
Guinea02/05/1984
Guinea-Bissau20/08/1976
Guyana21/12/1972
Haiti09/05/1984
Honduras13/04/1987
Hungary13/08/1971
Iceland29/06/1973
India12/11/1982
Indonesia27/08/1976
Iran25/01/1972
Iraq03/12/1971
Ireland24/11/1975
Israel16/08/1971
Italy19/02/1974
Jamaica15/09/1983
Japan19/04/1971
Jordan18/11/1971
Kazakhstan04/04/1995
Kenya11/01/1977
Kuwait25/05/1979
Kyrgyzstan25/02/2000
Lao People's Democratic Republic06/04/1989
Latvia23/10/1998
Lebanon10/08/1973
Lesotho27/07/1978
Liberia01/02/1982
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya04/10/1978
Liechtenstein23/02/2001
Lithuania04/12/1996
Luxembourg22/11/1978
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)07/01/1998
Madagascar18/11/1986
Malawi21/12/1972
Malaysia04/05/1985
Maldives01/09/1987
Mali29/09/1971
Malta14/06/1991
Marshall Islands31/05/1989
Mauritania01/11/1978
Mauritius25/04/1983
Mexico19/07/1972
Moldova21/05/1997
Monaco03/06/1983
Mongolia08/10/1971
Montenegro20/12/2006
Morocco24/10/1975
Mozambique16/01/2003
Myanmar22/05/1996
Namibia04/11/2005
Nauru17/05/1984
Nepal11/01/1979
Netherlands27/08/1973
New Zealand12/02/1974
Nicaragua06/11/1973
Niger15/10/1971
Nigeria03/07/1973
Norway23/08/1971
Oman02/02/1977
Pakistan28/11/1973
Palau03/08/1995
Panama10/03/1972
Papua New Guinea15/12/1975
Paraguay04/02/1972
Peru28/04/1978
Philippines26/03/1973
Poland21/03/1972
Portugal27/11/1972
Qatar26/08/1981
Republic of Korea18/01/1973
Romania10/07/1972
Russian Federation24/09/1971
Rwanda03/11/1987
Saint Kitts and Nevis03/09/2008
Saint Lucia08/11/1983
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines29/11/1991
Samoa09/07/1998
Sao Tome and Principe08/05/2006
Saudi Arabia14/06/1974
Senegal03/02/1978
Serbia23/07/2001
Seychelles29/12/1978
Sierra Leone13/11/1974
Singapore12/04/1978
Slovakia13/12/1995
Slovenia27/05/1992
South Africa30/05/1972
Spain30/10/1972
Sri Lanka30/05/1978
Sudan18/01/1979
Suriname27/10/1978
Swaziland27/12/1999
Sweden07/07/1971
Switzerland14/09/1971
Syrian Arab Republic10/07/1980
Tajikistan29/02/1996
Thailand16/05/1978
Togo09/02/1979
Tonga21/02/1977
Trinidad and Tobago31/01/1972
Tunisia16/11/1981
Turkey17/04/1973
Turkmenistan25/05/1999
Uganda27/03/1972
Ukraine21/02/1972
United Arab Emirates10/04/1981
United Kingdom22/12/1971
United Republic of Tanzania09/08/1983
United States of America14/09/1971
Uruguay12/01/1977
Uzbekistan07/02/1994
Vanuatu22/02/1989
Venezuela07/07/1983
Viet Nam17/09/1979
Yemen29/09/1986
Zambia03/03/1987
Zimbabwe06/02/1989
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
197120
197226
197316
19746
19754
19763
19776
197816
19799
19804
19813
19822
19837
19844
19852
19863
19875
19882
19895
19915
19922
19932
19944
19954
19964
19972
19985
19992
20002
20013
20021
20031
20041
20052
20062
20081
Total186
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