Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Paris, France
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 15/02/1999

Category

Good Governance

Sub category

Corruption

Groups

MISC

What is it about?

Bribery in international business transactions raises serious ethical and political concerns, undermines good governance and development and distorts international competitive conditions. This Convention seeks to coordinate different legal systems to prevent the bribery of foreign officials in international business transactions. The Convention criminalizes the act of offering or giving bribes, but not of soliciting or receiving bribes aimed at public officials. Nor does it criminalize bribes aimed at private sector representatives or party officials. Each State Party agrees to undertake those measures necessary to declare the act of bribery as a criminal offence under its law. It is prohibited for any person intentionally to offer, promise or give any undue pecuniary or other advantage, whether directly or through intermediaries, to a foreign public official, or a third party, in order that the official act or refrain from acting in relation to the performance of official duties or in order to obtain or retain business or other improper advantage in the conduct of international business. The Convention also covers matters of statute of limitations, mutual legal assistance and extradition. Subsequent to its entry into force, this Convention is open to accession by any non-signatory that is a member of the OECD or has become a full participant in the Working Group on Bribery in International Business Transactions or any successor to its functions.

Why is it relevant?

This Convention which primarily concerns countries where corruption often occurs (and particularly the countries of the OECD) addresses the corruption of foreign officials in international business transactions, which has an adverse effect on both the rule of law as well as international competition.

Additional Information

Non-Member States of the OECD that wish to become a Party to this Convention must request admission from the Working Group on Bribery. After an intensive examination of their economic, institutional and legal situation, State candidates can be invited to be associated with the Working Group in observer status during a trial period. Upon completion of the trial period and satisfactory implementation of anti-corruption legislation, they can become participants in the Working Group and adhere to the Convention. The OECD Working Group on Bribery is required to publish periodic reports analyzing the application of the Convention by the State parties.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Argentina08/02/2001
Australia18/10/1999
Austria20/05/1999
Belgium24/07/1999
Brazil24/08/2000
Bulgaria22/12/1998
Canada17/12/1998
Chile18/04/2001
Colombia20/11/2012
Czech Republic21/01/2000
Denmark05/09/2000
Estonia23/11/2004
Finland10/12/1998
France31/07/2000
Germany10/11/1998
Greece05/02/1999
Hungary04/12/1998
Iceland17/08/1998
Ireland22/12/2003
Israel10/03/2009
Italy15/12/2000
Japan13/10/1998
Latvia31/03/2014
Luxembourg21/03/2001
Mexico27/05/1999
Netherlands12/01/2001
New Zealand25/06/2001
Norway18/12/1998
Poland08/09/2000
Portugal23/11/2000
Republic of Korea04/01/1999
Russian Federation17/02/2012
Slovakia24/09/1999
Slovenia06/09/2001
South Africa19/06/2007
Spain14/01/2000
Sweden08/06/1999
Switzerland31/05/2000
Turkey26/07/2000
United Kingdom14/12/1998
United States of America08/12/1998
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
199810
19998
200011
20016
20031
20041
20071
20091
20122
20141
Total42
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