International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks, 2007 (Nairobi Convention 2007)

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Nairobi, Kenya
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 14/04/2015

Category

Environment and products

Sub category

Maritime and Law of the Sea

Groups

IMO

What is it about?

The Convention will fill a gap in the existing international legal framework by providing the first set of uniform international rules aimed at ensuring the prompt and effective removal of wrecks located beyond the territorial sea. The new Convention also includes an optional clause enabling State Parties to apply certain provisions to their territory, including their territorial sea.

Why is it relevant?

Although the incidence of marine casualties has decreased dramatically in recent years, mainly thanks to the work of IMO and the persistent efforts of Governments and industry to enhance safety in shipping operations, the number of abandoned wrecks, estimated at almost thirteen hundred worldwide, has reportedly increased and, as a result, the problems they cause to coastal States and shipping in general have, if anything, become more acute. The problems faced by coastal states and shipping in general as a result of abandoned wrecks are three-fold: first, and depending on its location, a wreck may constitute a hazard to navigation, potentially endangering other vessels and their crews; second, and of equal concern, depending on the nature of the cargo, is the potential for a wreck to cause substantial damage to the marine and coastal environments; and third, in an age where goods and services are becoming increasingly expensive, is the issue of the costs involved in the marking and removal of hazardous wrecks. The convention attempts to resolve all of these and other, related, issues.

Additional Information

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania27/04/2015
Antigua and Barbuda09/01/2015
Bahamas05/06/2015
Bulgaria08/02/2012
Congo19/05/2014
Cyprus22/07/2015
Denmark14/04/2014
France04/02/2016
Germany20/06/2013
India23/03/2011
Iran19/04/2011
Kenya14/04/2015
Liberia08/01/2015
Malaysia28/11/2013
Malta18/01/2015
Marshall Islands27/10/2014
Morocco13/06/2013
Netherlands19/01/2016
Nigeria23/07/2009
Palau29/09/2011
Panama18/08/2015
Saint Kitts and Nevis31/03/2016
South Africa04/09/2015
Tonga20/03/2015
Tuvalu17/02/2015
United Kingdom30/11/2012
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
20091
20113
20122
20133
20144
201511
20163
Total27
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