UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Model Law
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: New York, USA
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: N/A

Category

Contracts

Sub category

E-commerce

Groups

OPENESS TO MTRSUNCITRAL

What is it about?

This Model Law, adopted under the authority of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), aims to facilitate the use of modern means of communications and storage of information, such as electronic data interchange, electronic mail and telecopy, with or without the use of such support as the Internet. It is founded on the establishment of a functional equivalent for paper-based concepts such as "writing", "signature" and "original". By providing standards by which the legal value of electronic messages can be assessed, the Model Law plays a significant role in enhancing the use of paperless communication. In addition to general norms, the Model Law also contains rules for electronic commerce in specific areas, such as carriage of goods.

Why is it relevant?

This law is a response to the evolution of international trade operations that rely more and more on the exchange of electronic data.

Additional Information

To help States incorporate and interpret this law, UNCITRAL has created a Guide to the Enactment of the UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce (1996). Legislation based on the model law have been adopted in more than 25 States on all continents. The question of the authentication of electronic signatures is addressed by the Model Law on Electronic Signatures, UNCITRAL, 5 July 2001).

  • Model Law on Electronic Signatures (UNCITRAL, 5 July 2001)
  • Guide to the Enactment of the UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce (1996).

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Antigua and Barbuda2006
Australia2011
Bahamas2003
Bahrain2002
Bangladesh2006
Barbados2001
Belize2003
Bhutan2006
Brunei Darussalam2000
Cape Verde2003
China2004
Colombia1999
Dominica2013
Dominican Republic2002
Ecuador2002
El Salvador2015
Fiji2008
France2000
Gambia2009
Ghana2008
Grenada2008
Guatemala2008
Honduras2015
India2000
Iran2004
Ireland2000
Jamaica2006
Jordan2001
Kuwait2014
Lao People's Democratic Republic2012
Liberia2002
Madagascar2014
Malaysia2006
Mauritius2000
Mexico2000
New Zealand2002
Oman2008
Pakistan2002
Panama2001
Paraguay2010
Philippines2000
Qatar2010
Republic of Korea1999
Rwanda2010
Saint Kitts and Nevis2011
Saint Lucia2011
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines2007
Samoa2008
San Marino2013
Saudi Arabia2007
Seychelles2001
Singapore2010
Slovenia2000
South Africa2002
Sri Lanka2006
Syrian Arab Republic2014
Thailand2002
Trinidad and Tobago2011
United Arab Emirates2006
United Republic of Tanzania2015
Vanuatu2000
Venezuela2001
Viet Nam2005
Zambia2009
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19992
20009
20015
20028
20033
20044
20051
20067
20072
20086
20092
20104
20114
20121
20132
20143
20153
Total66
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