United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: New York, USA
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 29/09/2003

Category

Good Governance

Sub category

Organized crime

Groups

OPENESS TO MTRSUNODC

What is it about?

Member States to this Convention commit to take steps against transnational organized crime. Measures include mutual legal assistance, extradition, law-enforcement cooperation, technical assistance and training as well as the adoption of domestic legislation combating organized crime. State Parties cooperate in investigating, prosecuting and punishing crimes committed by organized criminal groups if either the crimes or the groups committing them have some element of transnational involvement. This impedes offenders and organized criminal groups to take advantage of gaps in domestic legislation, judicial cooperation or to benefit from a lack of accurate information about the full scope of their activities. The Convention combats organized crime in general and extends its scope to the major activities in which transnational organized crime is commonly involved, such as money laundering, corruption and obstruction of investigations or prosecutions. The Protocols against the trafficking in persons, the smuggling of migrants and the illicit manufacturing and trafficking in firearms supplement the Convention. These three Protocols deal with specific areas of transnational organized crime that are of particular concern to UN Member States.

Why is it relevant?

This Convention addresses transnational organized crime, which has a negative effect for all and is a priority for current interstate cooperation activities.

Additional Information

A Conference of the Parties is established so as to improve the ability of States to combat against transnational organized crime, and to monitor the implementation of its provisions.

  • Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (New York, 31 May 2001).
  • Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (New York, 15 November 2000)
  • Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea (New York, 15 November 2000)

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Afghanistan24/09/2003
Albania21/08/2002
Algeria07/10/2002
Andorra22/09/2011
Angola01/04/2013
Antigua and Barbuda24/07/2002
Argentina19/11/2002
Armenia01/07/2003
Australia27/05/2004
Austria23/09/2004
Azerbaijan30/10/2003
Bahamas26/09/2008
Bahrain07/06/2004
Bangladesh13/07/2011
Belarus25/06/2003
Belgium11/08/2004
Belize26/09/2003
Benin30/08/2004
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)10/10/2005
Bosnia and Herzegovina24/04/2002
Botswana29/08/2002
Brazil29/01/2004
Brunei Darussalam25/03/2008
Bulgaria05/12/2001
Burkina Faso15/05/2002
Burundi24/05/2012
Cambodia12/12/2005
Cameroon06/02/2006
Canada13/05/2002
Cape Verde15/07/2004
Central African Republic14/09/2004
Chad18/08/2009
Chile29/11/2004
China23/09/2003
Colombia04/08/2004
Comoros25/09/2003
Costa Rica24/07/2003
Cote d'Ivoire25/10/2012
Croatia24/01/2003
Cuba09/02/2007
Cyprus22/04/2003
Czech Republic24/09/2013
Democratic Republic of the Congo28/10/2005
Denmark30/09/2003
Djibouti20/04/2005
Dominica17/05/2013
Dominican Republic26/10/2006
Ecuador17/09/2002
Egypt05/03/2004
El Salvador18/03/2004
Equatorial Guinea07/02/2003
Eritrea25/09/2014
Estonia10/02/2003
Ethiopia23/07/2007
Finland10/02/2003
France29/10/2002
Gabon15/12/2004
Gambia05/05/2003
Georgia05/09/2006
Germany14/06/2006
Ghana21/08/2012
Greece11/01/2011
Grenada21/05/2004
Guatemala25/09/2003
Guinea09/11/2004
Guinea-Bissau10/09/2001
Guyana14/09/2004
Haiti19/04/2011
Holy See25/01/2012
Honduras02/12/2003
Hungary22/12/2006
Iceland13/05/2010
India05/05/2011
Indonesia20/04/2009
Iraq17/03/2008
Ireland17/06/2010
Israel27/12/2006
Italy02/08/2006
Jamaica29/09/2003
Jordan22/05/2009
Kazakhstan31/07/2008
Kenya16/06/2004
Kiribati15/09/2005
Kuwait12/05/2006
Kyrgyzstan02/10/2003
Lao People's Democratic Republic26/09/2003
Latvia07/12/2001
Lebanon05/10/2005
Lesotho24/09/2003
Liberia22/09/2004
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya18/06/2004
Liechtenstein20/02/2008
Lithuania09/05/2002
Luxembourg12/05/2008
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)12/01/2005
Madagascar15/09/2005
Malawi17/03/2005
Malaysia24/09/2004
Maldives04/02/2013
Mali12/04/2002
Malta24/09/2003
Marshall Islands15/06/2011
Mauritania22/07/2005
Mauritius21/04/2003
Mexico04/03/2003
Micronesia (Federated States of)24/05/2004
Moldova16/09/2005
Monaco05/06/2001
Mongolia27/06/2008
Montenegro23/10/2006
Morocco19/09/2002
Mozambique20/09/2006
Myanmar30/03/2004
Namibia16/08/2002
Nauru12/07/2012
Nepal23/12/2011
Netherlands26/05/2004
New Zealand19/07/2002
Nicaragua09/09/2002
Niger30/09/2004
Nigeria28/06/2001
Norway23/09/2003
Oman13/05/2005
Pakistan13/01/2010
Panama18/08/2004
Paraguay22/09/2004
Peru23/01/2002
Philippines28/05/2002
Poland12/11/2001
Portugal10/05/2004
Qatar10/03/2008
Republic of Korea05/11/2015
Romania04/12/2002
Russian Federation26/05/2004
Rwanda26/09/2003
Saint Kitts and Nevis21/05/2004
Saint Lucia16/07/2013
Samoa17/12/2014
San Marino20/07/2010
Sao Tome and Principe12/04/2006
Saudi Arabia18/01/2005
Senegal27/10/2003
Serbia06/09/2001
Seychelles22/04/2003
Sierra Leone12/08/2014
Singapore28/08/2007
Slovakia03/12/2003
Slovenia21/05/2004
South Africa20/02/2004
Spain01/03/2002
Sri Lanka22/09/2006
Sudan10/12/2005
Suriname25/05/2007
Swaziland24/09/2012
Sweden30/04/2004
Switzerland27/10/2006
Syrian Arab Republic08/04/2009
Tajikistan08/07/2002
Thailand17/10/2013
Timor-Leste09/11/2009
Togo02/07/2004
Tonga03/10/2014
Trinidad and Tobago06/11/2007
Tunisia19/06/2003
Turkey25/03/2003
Turkmenistan28/03/2005
Uganda09/03/2005
Ukraine21/05/2004
United Arab Emirates07/05/2007
United Kingdom09/02/2006
United Republic of Tanzania24/05/2006
United States of America03/11/2005
Uruguay04/03/2005
Uzbekistan09/12/2003
Vanuatu04/01/2006
Venezuela13/05/2002
Viet Nam08/06/2012
Yemen08/02/2010
Zambia24/04/2005
Zimbabwe12/12/2007
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
20017
200222
200335
200434
200519
200616
20077
20088
20095
20105
20117
20127
20136
20144
20151
Total183
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