Protocol to the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1974

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: London, United Kingdom
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 30/04/1989

Category

Transport and telecommunications

Sub category

Maritime transport

Groups

IMO

What is it about?

The 1974 Athens Convention used the "Poincaré franc", based on the "official" value of gold, as the applicable unit of account. However, experience showed that the conversion of this gold-franc into national currencies was becoming increasingly difficult. The 1976 Protocol to the Convention, with the same provisions as in the Protocols to the 1971 Fund Convention and the 1969 Liability Convention, was accordingly adopted in November 1976, providing for a new unit of account, based on the Special Drawing Rights (SDR) as used by the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Why is it relevant?

Implements a unit of account that can be applied consistently across the ratifying states making it easier to calculate the value of personal claims for compensation in relation to the Fund.

Additional Information

The 1974 Convention consolidates and harmonizes the regime of liability for damage suffered by passengers carried on seagoing vessels. Liability was incurred where the incident occurred through the fault of the carrier. Three Protocols followed the convention, although the 2002 Protocol is considered the most important. It replaced the fault based liability system with a strict liability system.

  • Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea, 1974
  • Protocol of 1990 amending the Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea, 1974 (PAL PROT 1990)
  • Protocol of 2002 amending the Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea, 1974 (PAL PROT 2002)

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Argentina28/04/1987
Bahamas28/04/1987
Barbados06/05/1994
China01/06/1994
Dominica31/08/2001
Estonia08/10/2002
Georgia25/08/1995
Liberia28/04/1987
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya08/11/2012
Luxembourg14/02/1991
Poland28/04/1987
Russian Federation30/01/1989
Switzerland15/12/1987
Tonga18/09/2003
Ukraine11/11/1994
Vanuatu13/01/1989
Yemen28/04/1987
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19876
19892
19911
19945
19951
20011
20021
20031
20121
Total19
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