International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FUND 1)

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: London, United Kingdom
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 16/10/1978

Category

Environment and products

Sub category

Maritime and Law of the Sea

Groups

IMO

What is it about?

This Convention presents advancement in comparison to the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (Brussels, 29 November 1969). It creates an International Fund contributed to by professionals of the petroleum industry in each Member State and designed to compensate the victims of oil pollution damage (private individuals or public entities) outside of the legal obligations of the owners. The allocated compensation can reach as much as 82 million US dollars. Since its entry into force, the present Convention has been amended several times. A Protocol adopted on 19 November 1976 introduces Special Drawing Rights, a new unit of measure as a basis for calculating compensation. The Protocol of 25 May 1984 raises the ceiling of compensation. The Protocol of 27 November 1992 aims to replace the Convention of 1971 by creating a new compensation fund (FUND 2), offering an indemnisation up to 256 million US dollars. State parties to the Protocol of 1992 cease to be a party to the 1971 Convention. The amendments of 18 October 2000 and the Protocol of 16 May 2003 also revise the amount of compensation offered to victims of oil spills up to 291 million US dollars.

Why is it relevant?

State parties to the 1971 Convention and its 1992 Protocol provide for their population affected by an oil spill to be compensated without having to engage in lengthy legal procedures. The attributed funds compensate State parties for damage created by pollution and loss of income in the fishing and tourism industry. The Protocol of 1992 is considered to be the instrument of reference regarding to oil damage pollution and compensation offered to its victims.

Additional Information

The International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FUND 1, 1971 and FUND 2, 1992) is administered by a Secretariat placed under the responsibility of the International Maritime Organization. In 2003, 21 States representing 30% of the world fleet had ratified the present Convention.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania06/04/1994
Benin01/11/1985
Cote d'Ivoire05/10/1987
Estonia01/12/1992
Gambia01/11/1991
Ghana20/04/1978
Guyana10/12/1997
Kuwait02/04/1981
Malaysia06/01/1995
Maldives16/03/1981
Mauritania17/11/1995
Portugal11/09/1975
Saint Kitts and Nevis14/09/1994
Tuvalu16/10/1978
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19752
19782
19812
19851
19871
19911
19921
19942
19952
19971
Total15
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