Agreement governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: New York, USA
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 11/07/1984

Category

Transport and telecommunications

Sub category

Space

Groups

UNS

What is it about?

The 1979 Agreement, adopted under the auspices of the General Assembly of the United Nations, provides conditions for the exploration and exploitation of the Moon by the Member States. It implements the provisions of the 1967 Treaty on the activities of states in the exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies. According to the present Agreement, the Moon and its resources constitute the province of all mankind and are not subject to national appropriation by declaration of sovereignty. Member States are held to use the Moon as a demilitarised zone exclusively for peaceful purposes. Placing objects carrying weapons of mass destruction on the Moon or in orbit around it is prohibited. All Member States have the same right to engage in scientific research and to place equipment or facility necessary for peaceful exploration and use of the Moon guided by the principle of international cooperation and information. The Agreement establishes rules for the exploitation of the Moon’s natural resources. The 1979 Agreement, adopted under the auspices of the General Assembly of the United Nations, provides conditions for the exploration and exploitation of the Moon by the Member States. It implements the provisions of the 1967 Treaty on the activities of states in the exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies. According to the present Agreement, the Moon and its resources constitute the province of all mankind and are not subject to national appropriation by declaration of sovereignty. Member States are held to use the Moon as a demilitarised zone exclusively for peaceful purposes. Placing objects carrying weapons of mass destruction on the Moon or in orbit around it is prohibited. All Member States have the same right to engage in scientific research and to place equipment or facility necessary for peaceful exploration and use of the Moon guided by the principle of international cooperation and information. The Agreement establishes rules for the exploitation of the Moon’s natural resources. The 1979 Agreement, adopted under the auspices of the General Assembly of the United Nations, provides conditions for the exploration and exploitation of the Moon by the Member States. It implements the provisions of the 1967 Treaty on the activities of states in the exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies. According to the present Agreement, the Moon and its resources constitute the province of all mankind and are not subject to national appropriation by declaration of sovereignty. Member States are held to use the Moon as a demilitarised zone exclusively for peaceful purposes. Placing objects carrying weapons of mass destruction on the Moon or in orbit around it is prohibited. All Member States have the same right to engage in scientific research and to place equipment or facility necessary for peaceful exploration and use of the Moon guided by the principle of international cooperation and information. The Agreement establishes rules for the exploitation of the Moon’s natural resources.

Why is it relevant?

As of 2005, the Agreement had been signed by some 11 states; neither the United States nor Russia did so, mainly due to the declaration that the Moon shall be “the common heritage of mankind”. As of 2005, the Agreement had been signed by some 11 states; neither the United States nor Russia did so, mainly due to the declaration that the Moon shall be “the common heritage of mankind”. As of 2005, the Agreement had been signed by some 11 states; neither the United States nor Russia did so, mainly due to the declaration that the Moon shall be “the common heritage of mankind”.

Additional Information

N/A N/A N/A

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Australia07/07/1986
Austria11/06/1984
Belgium29/06/2004
Chile12/11/1981
Kazakhstan11/01/2001
Kuwait28/04/2014
Lebanon12/04/2006
Mexico11/10/1991
Morocco21/01/1993
Netherlands17/02/1983
Pakistan27/02/1986
Peru23/11/2005
Philippines26/05/1981
Saudi Arabia18/07/2012
Turkey29/02/2012
Uruguay09/11/1981
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19813
19831
19841
19862
19911
19931
20011
20041
20051
20061
20122
20141
Total16
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