International convention for the protection of performers, producers of phonograms and broadcasting organisations

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Rome, Italy
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 18/05/1964

Category

Intellectual property

Sub category

Broadcasting

Groups

OPENESS TO MTRSWIPO

What is it about?

Under the present Convention, performers like actors, singers, musicians, dancers and other persons who perform literary or artistic works are protected against certain acts they have not consented to. Such acts are: the broadcasting and the communication to the public of their live performance; the fixation of their live performance; the reproduction of such a fixation if the original fixation was made without their consent or if the reproduction is made for purposes different from those for which they gave their consent. Producers of phonograms enjoy the right to authorize or prohibit the direct or indirect reproduction of their phonograms. Phonograms are defined in the Rome Convention as meaning any exclusively aural fixation of sounds of a performance or of other sounds. When a phonogram published for commercial purposes gives rise to secondary uses, such as broadcasting or communication to the public in any form, a single equitable remuneration must be paid by the user to the performers, or to the producers of phonograms, or to both; State parties are free, however, not to apply this rule or to limit its application. Broadcasting organizations enjoy the right to authorize or prohibit certain acts, namely to re-broadcast their broadcasts, to fix and reproduce fixes of their broadcasts, to communicate to the public of their television broadcasts if such communication is made in places accessible to the public against payment of an entrance fee.

Why is it relevant?

Within its scope of application the Rome Convention of 1961 provides for a much broader protection than most of the national legislations of its State parties. A majority of the State parties to this instrument are developing countries.

Additional Information

In order to become a party to this Convention, a State must have ratified the Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (Bern, 9 September 1886) or the Universal Copyright Convention (Paris, 24 July 1971).

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania01/06/2000
Algeria22/01/2007
Andorra25/02/2004
Argentina02/12/1991
Armenia31/10/2002
Australia30/06/1992
Austria09/03/1973
Azerbaijan05/07/2005
Bahrain18/10/2005
Barbados18/06/1983
Belarus25/02/2003
Belgium02/07/1999
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)24/08/1993
Bosnia and Herzegovina19/02/2009
Brazil29/06/1965
Bulgaria31/05/1995
Burkina Faso14/10/1987
Canada04/03/1998
Cape Verde03/04/1997
Chile05/06/1974
Colombia17/06/1976
Congo29/06/1962
Costa Rica09/06/1971
Croatia20/01/2000
Cyprus17/03/2009
Czech Republic01/01/1993
Denmark23/06/1965
Dominica09/08/1999
Dominican Republic27/10/1986
Ecuador19/12/1963
El Salvador29/03/1979
Estonia28/01/2000
Fiji11/01/1972
Finland21/07/1983
France03/04/1987
Georgia14/05/2004
Germany21/07/1966
Greece06/10/1992
Guatemala14/10/1976
Honduras16/11/1989
Hungary10/11/1994
Iceland15/03/1994
Ireland19/06/1979
Israel30/09/2002
Italy08/01/1975
Jamaica27/10/1993
Japan26/07/1989
Kazakhstan30/03/2012
Kyrgyzstan13/05/2003
Latvia20/05/1999
Lebanon12/08/1997
Lesotho26/01/1990
Liberia16/09/2005
Liechtenstein12/07/1999
Lithuania22/04/1999
Luxembourg25/11/1975
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)02/12/1997
Mexico17/02/1964
Moldova05/09/1995
Monaco06/09/1985
Montenegro03/06/2006
Netherlands07/07/1993
Nicaragua10/05/2000
Niger05/04/1963
Nigeria29/07/1993
Norway10/04/1978
Panama02/06/1983
Paraguay26/11/1969
Peru07/05/1985
Philippines25/06/1984
Poland13/03/1997
Portugal17/04/2002
Republic of Korea18/12/2008
Romania22/07/1998
Russian Federation26/02/2003
Saint Lucia17/05/1996
Serbia10/03/2003
Slovakia01/01/1993
Slovenia09/07/1996
Spain14/08/1991
Sweden13/07/1962
Switzerland24/06/1993
Syrian Arab Republic13/02/2006
Tajikistan19/02/2008
Togo10/03/2003
Turkey08/01/2004
Ukraine12/03/2002
United Arab Emirates14/10/2004
United Kingdom30/10/1963
Uruguay04/04/1977
Venezuela30/10/1995
Viet Nam01/12/2006
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19622
19633
19641
19653
19661
19691
19711
19721
19731
19741
19752
19762
19771
19781
19792
19833
19841
19852
19861
19872
19892
19901
19912
19922
19937
19942
19953
19962
19974
19982
19995
20004
20024
20035
20044
20053
20063
20071
20082
20092
20121
Total93
Map
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