Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Montreal, Canada
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 21/06/1998

Category

Transport and telecommunications

Sub category

Air transport

Groups

ICAO

What is it about?

This Convention calls on State Parties to take the necessary and effective measures to prohibit and prevent the manufacture and movement of unmarked explosives in their territories and to exercise strict control of the possession and transfer of such explosives. In addition, States Parties agree to mark plastic explosives with a chemical agent that can be detected by commercially available vapor or particle trace detectors and canines, enhancing their detectability.

Why is it relevant?

This instrument constitutes an attempt to secure uniformity of international law affecting the prevention of bombing of aircrafts.

Additional Information

This Convention establishes an International Explosive Technical Commission with the duty of evaluating technical developments relating to the manufacture, marking, and detection of explosives.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Afghanistan01/10/2003
Albania20/10/2004
Algeria14/11/1996
Andorra17/05/2006
Antigua and Barbuda07/01/2011
Argentina08/03/1999
Armenia22/07/2005
Australia26/06/2007
Austria31/05/1999
Azerbaijan04/07/2000
Bahamas21/05/2008
Bahrain30/01/1996
Bangladesh16/08/2005
Barbados12/09/2002
Belarus06/02/2002
Belgium16/04/2007
Benin30/03/2004
Bhutan26/08/2005
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)01/02/2002
Bosnia and Herzegovina03/05/2004
Botswana19/09/2000
Brazil04/10/2001
Brunei Darussalam09/07/2009
Bulgaria08/09/1999
Burkina Faso07/07/2004
Cameroon03/06/1998
Canada29/11/1996
Cape Verde04/11/2002
Chile02/08/2000
Colombia30/09/2013
Congo05/02/2015
Costa Rica12/07/2005
Cote d'Ivoire13/10/2015
Croatia24/02/2005
Cuba30/11/2001
Cyprus20/09/2002
Czech Republic25/03/1993
Denmark05/10/1998
Djibouti11/06/2004
Dominican Republic09/05/2011
Ecuador15/12/1995
Egypt19/07/1993
El Salvador18/02/2000
Eritrea01/12/1994
Estonia05/03/1996
Fiji11/07/2008
Finland05/12/2001
France21/05/1997
Gambia20/06/2000
Georgia25/04/2000
Germany17/12/1998
Ghana22/04/1998
Greece30/10/1995
Grenada15/01/2002
Guatemala26/11/1997
Guinea23/01/2004
Guyana13/12/2007
Honduras18/02/2004
Hungary11/01/1994
Iceland24/05/2002
India16/11/1999
Iraq11/04/2014
Ireland15/07/2003
Italy26/09/2002
Jamaica18/08/2005
Japan26/09/1997
Jordan23/05/1996
Kazakhstan18/05/1995
Kenya22/10/2002
Kuwait18/03/1996
Kyrgyzstan14/07/2000
Latvia17/08/1999
Lebanon26/11/1997
Lesotho10/11/2009
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya10/10/2002
Liechtenstein04/12/2002
Lithuania21/11/1996
Luxembourg06/11/2006
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)21/09/1998
Madagascar23/12/2003
Malawi31/03/2014
Malaysia27/11/2007
Maldives22/03/1999
Mali28/09/2000
Malta15/11/1994
Marshall Islands06/02/2003
Mauritania24/05/2011
Mexico09/04/1992
Moldova01/12/1997
Monaco14/05/1998
Mongolia22/09/1999
Morocco26/05/1999
Mozambique15/03/2006
Myanmar01/09/2004
Nauru03/04/2006
Netherlands04/05/1998
New Zealand19/12/2003
Nicaragua10/01/2006
Niger06/03/2009
Nigeria10/05/2002
Norway09/07/1992
Oman13/12/2001
Palau30/11/2001
Panama12/04/1996
Paraguay15/10/2004
Peru07/02/1996
Philippines17/12/2003
Poland26/09/2006
Portugal09/10/2002
Qatar09/11/1998
Republic of Korea02/01/2002
Romania21/09/1998
Russian Federation19/09/2007
Saint Kitts and Nevis09/05/2002
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines14/07/2010
Samoa09/07/1998
San Marino16/12/2014
Saudi Arabia11/07/1996
Senegal11/02/2004
Serbia22/06/2006
Seychelles14/08/2003
Singapore20/01/2003
Slovakia20/03/1995
Slovenia05/06/2000
South Africa01/12/1999
Spain31/05/1994
Sri Lanka11/10/2001
Sudan25/05/2000
Suriname27/03/2003
Swaziland13/05/2003
Sweden05/04/2007
Switzerland03/04/1995
Syrian Arab Republic29/09/2004
Tajikistan18/07/2006
Thailand25/01/2006
Togo22/07/2003
Tonga10/12/2002
Trinidad and Tobago03/04/2001
Tunisia28/05/1997
Turkey14/12/1994
Turkmenistan14/01/2005
Uganda02/07/2004
Ukraine18/03/1999
United Arab Emirates21/12/1992
United Kingdom28/04/1997
United Republic of Tanzania11/02/2003
United States of America09/04/1997
Uruguay14/06/2001
Uzbekistan09/06/1999
Vanuatu25/01/2006
Yemen04/07/2007
Zambia31/05/1995
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19923
19932
19945
19956
199610
19978
199811
199911
200010
20018
200216
200312
200412
20057
200610
20077
20082
20093
20101
20113
20131
20143
20152
Total153
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