International convention for the protection of new varieties of plants. Convention UPOV (1961), amended in Geneva (1972, 1978 and 1991)

General Detail

General Information

  1. Type: Convention
  2. Date of signature:
  3. Place of signature: Paris, France
  4. Depositary:
  5. Date of entry into force: 10/08/1968

Category

Intellectual property

Sub category

Varieties of plants

Groups

OPENESS TO MTRSWIPO

What is it about?

This Convention aims to protect plant varieties via sui generis rights. State parties to the Convention are required to grant persons who bred, or discovered and developed a plant variety exclusive rights regarding production, reproduction (multiplication), sale, marketing, exporting, importing or stocking. Such protection is offered to all nationals and residents of a State party as well as to legal entities having their registered offices within the territory of a State party. The principle of national treatment is applicable in this regard. The rights established by this Convention do not extend to acts done privately and for non-commercial purposes, or to acts done for experimental purposes, nor to acts done for the purpose of breeding other varieties. No State party may restrict the free exercise of a breeder's right for reasons other than public interest and only in exchange for fair remuneration. Any breeder, who has filed an application for the protection of a variety in one of the State parties, enjoys for the purpose of filing an application for the grant of a breeder's right for the same variety with the authority of any other State party, the right of priority for a period of twelve months.

Why is it relevant?

The present Convention protects the creation of new varieties of plants, which is essential to quantitatively and qualititatively improve food production. By adhering to the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV), a State commits to protect breeders under a foundation of recognized and accepted principles.

Additional Information

The International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants was revised on 10 November 1972, on 23 October 1978 and 19 March 1991. Intergovernmental organizations, dealing with the protection of the rights of vegetable species breeders, may become a party to the present Convention. The Convention creates an intergovernmental organization with international legal personality, the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants, which is headquartered in Geneva and composed of a Council and a Bureau.

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Country ratifications
CountryRatification date
Albania15/10/2005
Argentina25/12/1994
Australia20/01/2000
Austria10/07/1994
Azerbaijan09/11/2004
Belarus05/01/2003
Belgium05/12/1976
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)21/05/1999
Brazil23/05/1999
Bulgaria24/04/1998
Canada04/03/1991
Chile05/01/1996
China23/04/1999
Colombia13/09/1996
Costa Rica12/01/2009
Croatia01/09/2001
Czech Republic24/11/2002
Denmark24/04/1998
Dominican Republic16/05/2007
Ecuador08/08/1997
Estonia24/09/2000
Finland20/07/2001
France17/03/1983
Georgia29/11/2008
Germany25/07/1998
Hungary01/01/2003
Iceland03/04/2006
Ireland08/11/1981
Israel24/04/1998
Italy28/05/1986
Japan24/12/1998
Jordan24/10/2004
Kenya13/05/1999
Kyrgyzstan26/06/2000
Latvia30/08/2002
Lithuania10/12/2003
Macedonia (The former Yugoslav Republic of)04/05/2011
Mexico09/08/1997
Moldova28/10/1998
Montenegro24/09/2015
Morocco08/09/2006
Netherlands24/04/1998
New Zealand08/11/1981
Nicaragua06/09/2001
Norway13/09/1993
Oman22/11/2009
Panama23/05/1999
Paraguay08/02/1997
Peru08/08/2011
Poland11/11/1989
Portugal14/10/1995
Republic of Korea07/01/2002
Romania16/03/2001
Russian Federation24/04/1998
Serbia05/01/2013
Singapore30/07/2004
Slovakia01/01/1993
Slovenia29/07/1999
South Africa08/11/1981
Spain18/05/1980
Sweden24/04/1998
Switzerland08/11/1981
Trinidad and Tobago30/01/1998
Tunisia31/08/2003
Turkey18/10/2007
Ukraine03/11/1995
United Kingdom03/01/1999
United Republic of Tanzania22/11/2015
United States of America22/02/1999
Uruguay13/11/1994
Uzbekistan14/11/2004
Viet Nam24/11/2006
Treaties analysis
YearRatifications
19761
19801
19814
19831
19861
19891
19911
19932
19943
19952
19962
19973
199811
199910
20003
20014
20023
20034
20044
20051
20063
20072
20081
20092
20112
20131
20152
Total75
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