Bulgarie

Abstract

Wikipedia Country Information

La Bulgarie, en forme longue la république de Bulgarie (en bulgare : България et Република България, translittération : Bǎlgarija et Republika Bǎlgarija), est un pays d’Europe du Sud-Est situé dans la péninsule balkanique. La Bulgarie couvre une partie du territoire de l'ancienne Thrace. Elle est bordée par la mer Noire à l'est, au sud par la Grèce et la Turquie, au nord par le Danube et la Roumanie, à l’ouest par la Serbie et la Macédoine du Nord. Sa capitale est Sofia.
Les premiers vestiges de civilisation sur son territoire datent de la fin du chalcolithique vers 4600 av. J. C. Fondée en 680-681, la Bulgarie est un État successeur de la Grande Bulgarie et le plus ancien pays slave encore en existence. Elle était un empire puissant au Moyen Âge, dans la période de 681 à 1018 (Premier Empire) et de 1185 à 1396 (Second Empire). Après 1371, à cause d'une crise politique, le Second Empire se morcelle en quelques petites principautés, qui tombent sous les attaques ottomanes à la fin du siècle. Après une série de révoltes dans les années 1800, une principauté bulgare se forme et obtient son indépendance en 1908. Jusqu’en 1944, la Bulgarie est alliée à l'Allemagne et elle devient un pays socialiste sous l'influence de l'URSS en 1946. En 1990, le régime communiste tombe et la république de Bulgarie est formée.
La Bulgarie est une république parlementaire et démocratique avec un haut Indice de développement humain (0,782). Le pays fait partie de l’Union européenne, de l'OTAN et de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce.


Summary
Instruments ratified: 174 / 282
World Average Ratifications: 114 / 282
Ratification rate: 61.07%
World Average Rate: 41.25%
Weighted score: 67.14%
World Average Weighted Score: 41.25%
World rank: 20 / 194
Comparative Statistical Analysis
BONNE GOUVERNANCEInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Corruption3/4 (75.00%)75.00%50.00%6Strong
Biens culturels3/4 (75.00%)68.75%54.00%38Strong
Stupéfiants3/3 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
Délit d'initié0/10.00%4.00%9Weak
Crime organisé2/2 (100.00%)100.00%80.00%1Strong
Total1182.69%68.00%30Strong
 
CONTENTIEUXInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Arbitrage2/6 (33.33%)50.00%32.00%29Strong
Coopération judiciaire4/5 (80.00%)94.74%36.00%23Strong
Reconnaissance des jugements étrangers0/20.00%2.00%6Weak
Compétence judiciaire1/4 (25.00%)100.00%14.00%1Strong
Procédure judiciaire1/1 (100.00%)100.00%6.00%1Strong
Immunités des Etats 0/10.00%11.00%22Weak
Total868.00%29.00%10Strong
 
CONTRATSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Représentation0/20.00%2.00%8Weak
Conflits de loi0/70.00%3.00%27Weak
Commerce électronique0/30.00%18.00%70Weak
Franchisage0/10.00%0.00%1Average
Leasing/Factoring0/20.00%5.00%13Weak
Principes et usages commerciaux0/20.00%0.00%1Average
Marchés publics0/40.00%3.00%31Weak
Vente de marchandises1/5 (20.00%)45.45%25.00%29Strong
Contrats de voyage0/10.00%3.00%7Weak
Total17.25%9.00%94Weak
 
DOUANESInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Codification douanière2/3 (66.67%)100.00%78.00%1Strong
Coopération douanière2/6 (33.33%)40.00%26.00%48Strong
Importation en franchise5/9 (55.56%)62.96%30.00%37Strong
Importations temporaires7/11 (63.64%)73.53%28.00%24Strong
Transit2/4 (50.00%)72.73%28.00%17Strong
Total1866.30%31.00%30Strong
 
DROIT DES TRAITéSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Général2/4 (50.00%)66.67%30.00%11Strong
Total266.67%30.00%11Strong
 
DROITS DE L'HOMME ET NORMES DU TRAVAILInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Droits de l'homme7/7 (100.00%)100.00%96.00%1Weak
Normes du travail8/8 (100.00%)100.00%86.00%1Strong
Total15100.00%91.00%1Average
 
ENVIRONNEMENT ET PRODUITS Inst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Atmosphère4/5 (80.00%)80.00%86.00%59Weak
Produits chimiques1/1 (100.00%)100.00%78.00%1Strong
Energie2/2 (100.00%)100.00%25.00%1Strong
Faune et flore8/10 (80.00%)82.61%68.00%29Strong
Produits alimentaires2/2 (100.00%)100.00%79.00%1Strong
Général1/1 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
Cours d'eau internationaux0/10.00%18.00%36Weak
Espaces maritimes et droit de la mer 18/26 (69.23%)73.91%46.00%32Strong
Zones géographiques protégées 1/1 (100.00%)100.00%27.00%1Strong
Déchets1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total3880.21%61.00%23Strong
 
FINANCEMENT, PAIEMENT ET INSOLVABILITéInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Cessions de créances0/10.00%1.00%2Weak
Faillite et insolvabilité0/10.00%21.00%41Weak
Lettres de change et billets à ordre0/40.00%8.00%43Weak
Chèques0/30.00%13.00%36Weak
Virements internationaux0/10.00%0.00%1Average
Sûretés0/30.00%20.00%75Weak
Total00.00%12.00%117Weak
 
INVESTISSEMENTSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Différends en matière d'investissements1/2 (50.00%)50.00%39.00%2Strong
Garantie des investissements1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total266.67%57.00%2Strong
 
OMCInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Accords plurilatéraux2/2 (100.00%)100.00%18.00%1Strong
Accords de l'O.M.C.1/1 (100.00%)100.00%81.00%1Strong
Total3100.00%47.00%1Strong
 
PARTICIPATION INSTITUTIONNELLE Inst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Contentieux1/1 (100.00%)100.00%39.00%1Strong
Droit commercial international 10/10 (100.00%)100.00%73.00%1Strong
Institutions d'appui au commerce6/6 (100.00%)100.00%51.00%1Strong
Total17100.00%63.00%1Strong
 
PRODUITSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Ressources marines0/10.00%24.00%48Weak
Bois0/10.00%31.00%61Weak
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%92.00%1Weak
Total138.46%53.00%85Weak
 
PROPRIéTé INTELLECTUELLEInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Radiodiffusion1/1 (100.00%)100.00%47.00%1Strong
Droit d'auteur3/3 (100.00%)100.00%65.00%1Strong
Dessins industriels 2/2 (100.00%)100.00%31.00%1Strong
Circuits intégrés0/10.00%2.00%4Weak
Droits voisins 3/3 (100.00%)100.00%46.00%1Strong
Origine2/3 (66.67%)66.67%14.00%7Strong
Brevets4/5 (80.00%)85.71%57.00%30Strong
Marques5/6 (83.33%)77.27%33.00%29Strong
Obtentions végétales1/1 (100.00%)100.00%37.00%1Strong
Total2187.37%42.00%18Strong
 
TRANSPORT ET TELECOMMUNICATIONSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Transport aérien 4/7 (57.14%)76.19%59.00%54Strong
Aéronefs et aviation civile 5/9 (55.56%)76.00%74.00%80Weak
Transport par navires et lignes de charge 12/13 (92.31%)97.14%66.00%1Strong
Transport maritime6/12 (50.00%)33.33%27.00%55Strong
Transport multi modal0/20.00%4.00%15Weak
Transport ferroviaire3/3 (100.00%)100.00%22.00%1Strong
Transport routier3/4 (75.00%)83.33%31.00%35Strong
Espace3/4 (75.00%)83.33%40.00%16Strong
Télécommunications 1/2 (50.00%)83.33%47.00%26Strong
Total3776.35%50.00%18Strong
 
Strengths and Weakness
Strong
ContractsSale of Goods
CustomsCustoms Codification
CustomsCustoms Cooperation
CustomsExemption from Duties
CustomsTemporary Admission
CustomsTransit
Dispute resolutionArbitration
Dispute resolutionJudicial cooperation
Dispute resolutionState court jurisdiction
Dispute resolutionState court procedure
Environment and productsChemicals
Environment and productsEnergy
Environment and productsFlora and fauna
Environment and productsFoodstuff
Environment and productsMaritime and Law of the Sea
Environment and productsProtected geographical areas
Good Governance Corruption
Good Governance Cultural Property
Good Governance Organized crime
Human Rights and Labour StandardsLabour Standards
Institutional ParticipationDispute Resolution
Institutional ParticipationInternational Trade Law
Institutional ParticipationTrade support institutions
Intellectual propertyBroadcasting
Intellectual propertyCopyright
Intellectual propertyIndustrial designs
Intellectual propertyNeighboring Rights
Intellectual propertyOrigin
Intellectual propertyPatents
Intellectual propertyTrademarks
Intellectual propertyVarieties of plants
InvestmentsInvestment disputes
Transport and telecommunicationsAir transport
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime shipping and load lines
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRail transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRoad transport
Transport and telecommunicationsSpace
Transport and telecommunicationsTelecommunications
Treaties lawGeneral
WTOPlurilateral Agreements
WTOWTO Agreements
 
Average
ContractsFranchising
ContractsPrinciples, trade usages and standards
Finance, payments and insolvencyCredit transfers
 
Weak
ContractsAgency
ContractsConflict of laws
ContractsE-commerce
ContractsLeasing/Factoring
ContractsProcurement
ContractsTravel contracts
Dispute resolutionRecognition of foreign judgments
Dispute resolutionState immunities
Environment and productsAir
Environment and productsGeneral
Environment and productsInternational watercourses
Environment and productsWaste
Finance, payments and insolvencyAssignment of receivables
Finance, payments and insolvencyBankruptcy and insolvency
Finance, payments and insolvencyBills of exchange and promissory notes
Finance, payments and insolvencyCheques
Finance, payments and insolvencyInternational guarantees
Good Governance Drugs
Good Governance Insider Trading
Human Rights and Labour StandardsHuman rights
Intellectual propertyIntegrated circuits
InvestmentsInvestment guaranty
ProductsGeneral
ProductsMarine Resources
ProductsTimber
Transport and telecommunicationsAircrafts and civil aviation
Transport and telecommunicationsMulti modal transport
Instruments ratifications

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