El Salvador

Abstract

Wikipedia Country Information

El Salvador, oficialmente República de El Salvador, es un país soberano de América Central ubicado en el litoral del océano Pacífico con una extensión territorial de 21 041 km².[5]​ En el año 2015 contaba con una población estimada en 7 329 015 habitantes,[8]​ siendo el país más densamente poblado del continente americano, sin incluir algunas islas en el mar Caribe. Su clima es cálido tropical pero debido al contraste geográfico el clima puede variar. El Salvador limita con Guatemala al oeste y con Honduras al norte y al este, al sureste el golfo de Fonseca lo separa de Nicaragua, y flanqueado al sur por el océano Pacífico. Su territorio está organizado en 14 departamentos, 39 distritos y 262 municipios.[9]​
La ciudad de San Salvador es la capital del país; su área metropolitana incluye 14 municipalidades cercanas, y concentra la actividad política y económica de la república. Las ciudades de Santa Ana y San Miguel son otros centros importantes del país.
El actual territorio de El Salvador comprende lo que antes fuera la Alcaldía Mayor de Sonsonate y lo que fue la Intendencia de San Salvador que conformó la mayor parte del territorio. Ambas provincias adquirieron su independencia de España en 1821 junto a la Capitanía General de Guatemala y en 1824 se unieron para formar el «Estado del Salvador»,[10]​ como parte de la República Federal de Centro América. En la época precolombina, existía un importante núcleo indígena conocido como el Señorío de Cuzcatlán (que en lengua náhuat significa ‘lugar de joyas’ o ‘lugar de collares’).[11]​
Una guerra civil de 12 años, cuyo costo humano llegó aproximadamente a 75 000 vidas, finalizó el 16 de enero de 1992, cuando el gobierno y la guerrilla firmaron los acuerdos de paz que dieron lugar a reformas militares, sociales y políticas en el país.


Summary
Instruments ratified: 103 / 282
World Average Ratifications: 114 / 282
Ratification rate: 39.46%
World Average Rate: 41.25%
Weighted score: 44.18%
World Average Weighted Score: 41.25%
World rank: 96 / 194
Comparative Statistical Analysis
ADUANASInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Codificación aduanera0/30.00%78.00%153Weak
Cooperación aduanera0/60.00%26.00%117Weak
Derechos de aduana4/9 (44.44%)51.85%30.00%53Strong
Importaciones temporales1/11 (9.09%)14.71%28.00%94Weak
Tránsito0/40.00%28.00%98Weak
Total520.65%31.00%110Weak
 
BUENA GOBERNABILIDAD Inst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Corrupción1/4 (25.00%)41.67%50.00%92Weak
Objetos culturales3/4 (75.00%)81.25%54.00%21Strong
Estupefacientes3/3 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
Información privilegiada0/10.00%4.00%9Weak
Delincuencia organizada2/2 (100.00%)100.00%80.00%1Strong
Total978.85%68.00%45Strong
 
CONTRATOSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Representacion0/20.00%2.00%8Weak
Conflicto de leyes0/70.00%3.00%27Weak
Comercio electronico1/3 (33.33%)33.33%18.00%33Strong
Franchising0/10.00%0.00%1Average
Leasing/Factoring0/20.00%5.00%13Weak
Principios, usos, y normas0/20.00%0.00%1Average
Contratación pública0/40.00%3.00%31Weak
Venta de mercancías1/5 (20.00%)45.45%25.00%29Strong
Contratos de viaje0/10.00%3.00%7Weak
Total214.49%9.00%37Strong
 
CONTROVERSIAS, ARBITRAJE E TRIBUNALESInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Arbitraje1/6 (16.67%)25.00%32.00%86Weak
Cooperacion judicial1/5 (20.00%)26.32%36.00%76Weak
Reconocimiento de juicios extranjeros0/20.00%2.00%6Weak
Competencia judicial0/40.00%14.00%29Weak
Procedimento judicial0/10.00%6.00%12Weak
Inmunidades de los Estados0/10.00%11.00%22Weak
Total220.00%29.00%95Weak
 
DERECHO DE LOS TRATATOSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
General0/40.00%30.00%113Weak
Total00.00%30.00%113Weak
 
DERECHOS DEL HOMBRE Y NORMAS DEL TRABAJOInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Derechos del Hombre7/7 (100.00%)100.00%96.00%1Weak
Normas del trabajo8/8 (100.00%)100.00%86.00%1Strong
Total15100.00%91.00%1Average
 
FINANCIACIONES, PAGO E INSOLVENCIAInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
0/10.00%1.00%2Weak
Quiebra e insolvencia0/10.00%21.00%41Weak
Letras de cambio y pagares0/40.00%8.00%43Weak
Cheques0/30.00%13.00%36Weak
Transferencias internacionales0/10.00%0.00%1Average
Garantias 1/3 (33.33%)45.45%20.00%64Strong
Total112.20%12.00%85Weak
 
INVERSIONESInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Controversias en materia de inversiones 1/2 (50.00%)50.00%39.00%2Strong
Garantía de inversiones1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total266.67%57.00%2Strong
 
MEDIO AMBIENTE Y PRODUCTOSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Air4/5 (80.00%)80.00%86.00%59Weak
Produtos químicos1/1 (100.00%)100.00%78.00%1Strong
Energía0/20.00%25.00%50Weak
Fauna y flora7/10 (70.00%)71.74%68.00%72Weak
Alimentos 2/2 (100.00%)100.00%79.00%1Strong
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
Rios internacionales0/10.00%18.00%36Weak
Esapcios marítimos y derecho del mar 8/26 (30.77%)34.78%46.00%131Weak
Zonas geográficas protegidas 0/10.00%27.00%54Weak
Residuos1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total2456.25%61.00%122Weak
 
OMCInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Acuerdos Plurilaterales0/20.00%18.00%45Weak
Acuerdos de la OMC1/1 (100.00%)100.00%81.00%1Strong
Total145.45%47.00%45Weak
 
PARTICIPACIóN INSTITUCIONAL Inst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Controversias, arbitraje e tribunales0/10.00%39.00%77Weak
Derecho Mercantil Internacional 7/10 (70.00%)70.00%73.00%84Weak
Instituciones de apoyo comercial2/6 (33.33%)33.33%51.00%114Weak
Total952.94%63.00%108Weak
 
PRODUCTOSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Recursos marinos1/1 (100.00%)100.00%24.00%1Strong
Maderas0/10.00%31.00%61Weak
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%92.00%1Weak
Total261.54%53.00%61Strong
 
PROPIEDAD INTELECTUALInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Radiodifusión1/1 (100.00%)100.00%47.00%1Strong
Derecho de autor3/3 (100.00%)100.00%65.00%1Strong
Diseños Industriales 0/20.00%31.00%82Weak
Circuitos integrados0/10.00%2.00%4Weak
Derechos conexos3/3 (100.00%)100.00%46.00%1Strong
Origen0/30.00%14.00%51Weak
Patentes3/5 (60.00%)71.43%57.00%60Strong
Marcas1/6 (16.67%)22.73%33.00%86Weak
Obtenciones vegetales0/10.00%37.00%73Weak
Total1151.58%42.00%70Strong
 
TRANSPORTE Y TELECOMUNICACIONESInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Trasporto aéreo3/7 (42.86%)52.38%59.00%110Weak
Aviones y aviación civil 9/9 (100.00%)100.00%74.00%1Strong
Embarcaciones y líneas de carga 4/13 (30.77%)40.00%66.00%159Weak
Trasporto marítimo2/12 (16.67%)8.33%27.00%153Weak
Trasporto multimodal 0/20.00%4.00%15Weak
Trasporto ferroviario0/30.00%22.00%50Weak
Carretera0/40.00%31.00%86Weak
Espacial1/4 (25.00%)50.00%40.00%76Strong
Telecomunicationes1/2 (50.00%)16.67%47.00%102Weak
Total2037.84%50.00%143Weak
 
Strengths and Weakness
Strong
ContractsE-commerce
ContractsSale of Goods
CustomsExemption from Duties
Environment and productsChemicals
Environment and productsFoodstuff
Finance, payments and insolvencyInternational guarantees
Good Governance Cultural Property
Good Governance Organized crime
Human Rights and Labour StandardsLabour Standards
Intellectual propertyBroadcasting
Intellectual propertyCopyright
Intellectual propertyNeighboring Rights
Intellectual propertyPatents
InvestmentsInvestment disputes
ProductsMarine Resources
Transport and telecommunicationsAircrafts and civil aviation
Transport and telecommunicationsSpace
WTOWTO Agreements
 
Average
ContractsFranchising
ContractsPrinciples, trade usages and standards
Finance, payments and insolvencyCredit transfers
 
Weak
ContractsAgency
ContractsConflict of laws
ContractsLeasing/Factoring
ContractsProcurement
ContractsTravel contracts
CustomsCustoms Codification
CustomsCustoms Cooperation
CustomsTemporary Admission
CustomsTransit
Dispute resolutionArbitration
Dispute resolutionJudicial cooperation
Dispute resolutionRecognition of foreign judgments
Dispute resolutionState court jurisdiction
Dispute resolutionState court procedure
Dispute resolutionState immunities
Environment and productsAir
Environment and productsEnergy
Environment and productsFlora and fauna
Environment and productsGeneral
Environment and productsInternational watercourses
Environment and productsMaritime and Law of the Sea
Environment and productsProtected geographical areas
Environment and productsWaste
Finance, payments and insolvencyAssignment of receivables
Finance, payments and insolvencyBankruptcy and insolvency
Finance, payments and insolvencyBills of exchange and promissory notes
Finance, payments and insolvencyCheques
Good Governance Corruption
Good Governance Drugs
Good Governance Insider Trading
Human Rights and Labour StandardsHuman rights
Institutional ParticipationDispute Resolution
Institutional ParticipationInternational Trade Law
Institutional ParticipationTrade support institutions
Intellectual propertyIndustrial designs
Intellectual propertyIntegrated circuits
Intellectual propertyOrigin
Intellectual propertyTrademarks
Intellectual propertyVarieties of plants
InvestmentsInvestment guaranty
ProductsGeneral
ProductsTimber
Transport and telecommunicationsAir transport
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime shipping and load lines
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime transport
Transport and telecommunicationsMulti modal transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRail transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRoad transport
Transport and telecommunicationsTelecommunications
Treaties lawGeneral
WTOPlurilateral Agreements
Instruments ratifications

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