Macedonia, ex-República Yugoslava de

Abstract

Wikipedia Country Information

La República de Macedonia[Nota 1]​ (en macedonio: Република Македонија, romanización: Repúblika Makedóniya) o Antigua República Yugoslava de Macedonia es un país independiente sin litoral, situado en la península balcánica, en el sureste de Europa. Limita al norte con Serbia y Kosovo[Nota 2]​, al este con Bulgaria, al sur con Grecia y al oeste con Albania. Su capital es Skopie, con más de 700.000 habitantes.
En 1991, la antigua República Socialista de Macedonia, una de las partes constituyentes de la República Federal Socialista de Yugoslavia, proclamó su independencia bajo el nombre oficial de República de Macedonia.[Nota 3]​ El uso del término «Macedonia» fue rechazado por Grecia, surgiendo una disputa sobre la denominación de este país que perdura en la actualidad. El país es denominado a veces de forma simple como Macedonia, mientras que la referencia provisional Antigua República Yugoslava de Macedonia[10]​ (Поранешна Југословенска Република Македонија, Poranešna Jugoslovenska Republika Makedonija en macedonio) es utilizada para designar a dicho estado en diversas organizaciones internacionales, como en las Naciones Unidas, tras un compromiso alcanzado entre Grecia y la República de Macedonia en 1993. El nombre definitivo continúa en negociación entre ambos estados.[Nota 1]​ El 30 se septiembre se celebró el referéndum para valorar dicho cambio. A las urnas sólo acudió un 36,3% de la población, un 15% menos del mínimo exigido. Aunque la consulta no es vinculante para sacar adelante el acuerdo, la falta de quórum podría dificultar la aprobación en el Parlamento de la reforma constitucional necesaria para el cambio de nombre,[11]​ aunque el parlamento macedonio aprobó dicho cambio, por lo que el cambio de nombre sigue su curso.
Actualmente Macedonia es un candidato oficial para el acceso a la Unión Europea.


Summary
Instruments ratified: 131 / 282
World Average Ratifications: 114 / 282
Ratification rate: 51.42%
World Average Rate: 41.25%
Weighted score: 56.57%
World Average Weighted Score: 41.25%
World rank: 45 / 194
Comparative Statistical Analysis
ADUANASInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Codificación aduanera2/3 (66.67%)100.00%78.00%1Strong
Cooperación aduanera2/6 (33.33%)40.00%26.00%48Strong
Derechos de aduana3/9 (33.33%)33.33%30.00%76Strong
Importaciones temporales6/11 (54.55%)64.71%28.00%31Strong
Tránsito1/4 (25.00%)27.27%28.00%62Weak
Total1448.91%31.00%46Strong
 
BUENA GOBERNABILIDAD Inst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Corrupción2/4 (50.00%)66.67%50.00%34Strong
Objetos culturales3/4 (75.00%)81.25%54.00%21Strong
Estupefacientes3/3 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
Información privilegiada0/10.00%4.00%9Weak
Delincuencia organizada2/2 (100.00%)100.00%80.00%1Strong
Total1084.62%68.00%20Strong
 
CONTRATOSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Representacion0/20.00%2.00%8Weak
Conflicto de leyes1/7 (14.29%)14.29%3.00%9Strong
Comercio electronico0/30.00%18.00%70Weak
Franchising0/10.00%0.00%1Average
Leasing/Factoring0/20.00%5.00%13Weak
Principios, usos, y normas0/20.00%0.00%1Average
Contratación pública0/40.00%3.00%31Weak
Venta de mercancías1/5 (20.00%)45.45%25.00%29Strong
Contratos de viaje0/10.00%3.00%7Weak
Total28.70%9.00%86Weak
 
CONTROVERSIAS, ARBITRAJE E TRIBUNALESInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Arbitraje5/6 (83.33%)75.00%32.00%2Strong
Cooperacion judicial5/5 (100.00%)100.00%36.00%1Strong
Reconocimiento de juicios extranjeros0/20.00%2.00%6Weak
Competencia judicial0/40.00%14.00%29Weak
Procedimento judicial0/10.00%6.00%12Weak
Inmunidades de los Estados0/10.00%11.00%22Weak
Total1068.00%29.00%10Strong
 
DERECHO DE LOS TRATATOSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
General3/4 (75.00%)75.00%30.00%8Strong
Total375.00%30.00%8Strong
 
DERECHOS DEL HOMBRE Y NORMAS DEL TRABAJOInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Derechos del Hombre7/7 (100.00%)100.00%96.00%1Weak
Normas del trabajo8/8 (100.00%)100.00%86.00%1Strong
Total15100.00%91.00%1Average
 
FINANCIACIONES, PAGO E INSOLVENCIAInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
0/10.00%1.00%2Weak
Quiebra e insolvencia0/10.00%21.00%41Weak
Letras de cambio y pagares0/40.00%8.00%43Weak
Cheques0/30.00%13.00%36Weak
Transferencias internacionales0/10.00%0.00%1Average
Garantias 0/30.00%20.00%75Weak
Total00.00%12.00%117Weak
 
INVERSIONESInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Controversias en materia de inversiones 1/2 (50.00%)50.00%39.00%2Strong
Garantía de inversiones1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total266.67%57.00%2Strong
 
MEDIO AMBIENTE Y PRODUCTOSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Air4/5 (80.00%)80.00%86.00%59Weak
Produtos químicos1/1 (100.00%)100.00%78.00%1Strong
Energía2/2 (100.00%)100.00%25.00%1Strong
Fauna y flora5/10 (50.00%)54.35%68.00%152Weak
Alimentos 1/2 (50.00%)37.50%79.00%136Weak
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%95.00%1Weak
Rios internacionales0/10.00%18.00%36Weak
Esapcios marítimos y derecho del mar 1/26 (3.85%)5.43%46.00%161Weak
Zonas geográficas protegidas 0/10.00%27.00%54Weak
Residuos1/1 (100.00%)100.00%93.00%1Weak
Total1636.46%61.00%179Weak
 
OMCInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Acuerdos Plurilaterales0/20.00%18.00%45Weak
Acuerdos de la OMC1/1 (100.00%)100.00%81.00%1Strong
Total145.45%47.00%45Weak
 
PARTICIPACIóN INSTITUCIONAL Inst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Controversias, arbitraje e tribunales0/10.00%39.00%77Weak
Derecho Mercantil Internacional 9/10 (90.00%)90.00%73.00%34Strong
Instituciones de apoyo comercial5/6 (83.33%)83.33%51.00%29Strong
Total1482.35%63.00%46Strong
 
PRODUCTOSInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Recursos marinos0/10.00%24.00%48Weak
Maderas0/10.00%31.00%61Weak
General1/1 (100.00%)100.00%92.00%1Weak
Total138.46%53.00%85Weak
 
PROPIEDAD INTELECTUALInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Radiodifusión1/1 (100.00%)100.00%47.00%1Strong
Derecho de autor3/3 (100.00%)100.00%65.00%1Strong
Diseños Industriales 2/2 (100.00%)100.00%31.00%1Strong
Circuitos integrados0/10.00%2.00%4Weak
Derechos conexos3/3 (100.00%)100.00%46.00%1Strong
Origen1/3 (33.33%)33.33%14.00%24Strong
Patentes5/5 (100.00%)100.00%57.00%1Strong
Marcas5/6 (83.33%)77.27%33.00%29Strong
Obtenciones vegetales1/1 (100.00%)100.00%37.00%1Strong
Total2187.37%42.00%18Strong
 
TRANSPORTE Y TELECOMUNICACIONESInst. ratifiedCountry scoreWorld avg. scoreCountry rank in worldStrength
Trasporto aéreo5/7 (71.43%)90.48%59.00%4Strong
Aviones y aviación civil 6/9 (66.67%)88.00%74.00%37Strong
Embarcaciones y líneas de carga 0/130.00%66.00%167Weak
Trasporto marítimo2/12 (16.67%)8.33%27.00%153Weak
Trasporto multimodal 0/20.00%4.00%15Weak
Trasporto ferroviario3/3 (100.00%)100.00%22.00%1Strong
Carretera4/4 (100.00%)100.00%31.00%1Strong
Espacial1/4 (25.00%)16.67%40.00%103Weak
Telecomunicationes1/2 (50.00%)16.67%47.00%102Weak
Total2250.00%50.00%99Weak
 
Strengths and Weakness
Strong
ContractsConflict of laws
ContractsSale of Goods
CustomsCustoms Codification
CustomsCustoms Cooperation
CustomsExemption from Duties
CustomsTemporary Admission
Dispute resolutionArbitration
Dispute resolutionJudicial cooperation
Environment and productsChemicals
Environment and productsEnergy
Good Governance Corruption
Good Governance Cultural Property
Good Governance Organized crime
Human Rights and Labour StandardsLabour Standards
Institutional ParticipationInternational Trade Law
Institutional ParticipationTrade support institutions
Intellectual propertyBroadcasting
Intellectual propertyCopyright
Intellectual propertyIndustrial designs
Intellectual propertyNeighboring Rights
Intellectual propertyOrigin
Intellectual propertyPatents
Intellectual propertyTrademarks
Intellectual propertyVarieties of plants
InvestmentsInvestment disputes
Transport and telecommunicationsAir transport
Transport and telecommunicationsAircrafts and civil aviation
Transport and telecommunicationsRail transport
Transport and telecommunicationsRoad transport
Treaties lawGeneral
WTOWTO Agreements
 
Average
ContractsFranchising
ContractsPrinciples, trade usages and standards
Finance, payments and insolvencyCredit transfers
 
Weak
ContractsAgency
ContractsE-commerce
ContractsLeasing/Factoring
ContractsProcurement
ContractsTravel contracts
CustomsTransit
Dispute resolutionRecognition of foreign judgments
Dispute resolutionState court jurisdiction
Dispute resolutionState court procedure
Dispute resolutionState immunities
Environment and productsAir
Environment and productsFlora and fauna
Environment and productsFoodstuff
Environment and productsGeneral
Environment and productsInternational watercourses
Environment and productsMaritime and Law of the Sea
Environment and productsProtected geographical areas
Environment and productsWaste
Finance, payments and insolvencyAssignment of receivables
Finance, payments and insolvencyBankruptcy and insolvency
Finance, payments and insolvencyBills of exchange and promissory notes
Finance, payments and insolvencyCheques
Finance, payments and insolvencyInternational guarantees
Good Governance Drugs
Good Governance Insider Trading
Human Rights and Labour StandardsHuman rights
Institutional ParticipationDispute Resolution
Intellectual propertyIntegrated circuits
InvestmentsInvestment guaranty
ProductsGeneral
ProductsMarine Resources
ProductsTimber
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime shipping and load lines
Transport and telecommunicationsMaritime transport
Transport and telecommunicationsMulti modal transport
Transport and telecommunicationsSpace
Transport and telecommunicationsTelecommunications
WTOPlurilateral Agreements
Instruments ratifications

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